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Numéro de publicationCN101629993 B
Type de publicationOctroi
Numéro de demandeCN 200910305284
Date de publication25 juil. 2012
Date de dépôt6 août 2009
Date de priorité6 août 2009
Autre référence de publicationCN101629993A
Numéro de publication200910305284.4, CN 101629993 B, CN 101629993B, CN 200910305284, CN-B-101629993, CN101629993 B, CN101629993B, CN200910305284, CN200910305284.4
Inventeurs张军
Déposant深圳市科陆电子科技股份有限公司
Exporter la citationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Liens externes:  SIPO, Espacenet
Electric meter simulation test method
CN 101629993 B
Résumé
The invention provides an electric meter simulation test method which comprises the following steps: A. configuring an electric meter to be used for simulating an electric meter in reality; B. setting a route, configuring route information according to electric meter configuration in the step A and forming a route path according to the configured route information; C. establishing connection to be used for connecting a simulation meter and a concentrator; D. transmitting a meter reading command by the concentrator, judging whether a target meter can be read or not by the simulation meter according to comparison between a received frame and locally configured route information, inquiring a value of a relevant data item of the target meter and judging whether the concrete data of a terminalis replied or not according to the reading rate set by the simulation meter; and E. forming a test report.
Revendications(7)  Langue du texte original : Chinois
1. 一种电表模拟测试方法,其包括以下步骤:A对电表配置用于模拟现实中的电表,配置的内容包括配置表,配置数据项,以及设置每块电表数据项的具体值;B路由设置,根据步骤A中的电表配置进行路由信息配置,根据配置的路由信息形成路由路径;C建立连接,用于将模拟表与集中器进行连接;D集中器发送抄表命令,模拟表根据收到的帧和本地配置路由信息比较,判断经过该条路由能否抄通目的表,再查询目的表相关数据项的值,根据模拟表设置的抄通率判断是否回复终端具体数据;E形成测试报告。 A simulation test meter method comprising the following steps: A the meter is configured to simulate reality the meter, including the configuration table configuration, configuration data item, and setting each data item specific value meter; B Route setting, according to step A meter configuration routing information configuration, formed according to the configuration of the routing path route information; C to establish a connection for an analog connection to the concentrator table; D concentrator transmits meter reading command, based on received analog meter to the frame and the local routing information, and determines whether the copy through the route through the destination table, and then query the value of the destination table related data items, whether or reply to specific data terminal through rate based on analog copy table settings; E form a test reports.
2.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:电表配置包括电表编号、电表名称、电表类型、电表地址以及抄通成功率。 2. Meter simulation test method according to claim I, wherein: the meter configuration includes a meter serial number, meter name, the meter type, meter address and copy-pass success rate.
3.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:电表的数据项配置包括电表的基本参变量、当月电能量、上月电能量、上上月电能量、最大需量发生时间数据标识编码表、变量数据标识编码表、参变量数据标识编码表、电能量数据标识编码表、最大需量数据标识编码表所包含的数据项,根据项目实际需要可以在该系统的新增、修改、删除具体的数据项,每个数据项包括数据项名称、数据项编码、数据格式、数据长度、数据初始值。 3. The meter simulation test method according to claim I, wherein: the meter configuration data items include basic parametric meter, the month of electric energy, electric energy last month, last month electric energy, maximum demand occurred data entry data identification code table, variable data identification code table, parametric data identification code table, electric energy data identification code table, the maximum amount of data required to identify code table contains, according to the actual needs of the project can be added in the system, modify, delete specific data items, each data item including data item names, data item coding, data format, data length, data initial value.
4.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤B中,集中器抄读某块电表可以通过电力载波信号通过附近的载波表作为中继把抄读信息传递给目的表, 目的表收到抄读信息把相关的表信息通过电力线经过中继载波表把数据传递给集中器,模拟表模拟的情况是把中继载波表作为其中的某级路由,在路由配置中根据需要配置多条路由信息。 4. The meter simulation test method according to claim I, wherein: said step B, the concentrator copy to read a piece of power line carrier signal meter can be close to the carrier through the meter reading table as a relay information transfer to the destination table, the destination table to receive a copy to read information related to the table information through the power line carrier sheet to pass through the relay data to the concentrator, analog meter simulated situation is to relay carrier table as one of these class routing, routing Configuration configure multiple routes to the information as needed.
5.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:所述步骤C中,所述的模拟表通过串口与集中器建立连接。 Analog meter according to Test Method I according to claim, characterized in that: in said step C, said analog connection table through the serial port concentrator.
6.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:所述步骤D中,根据集中器发送的抄表命令,分析抄表命令的路由情况,根据路由情况到路由信息表中查询判断是否存在该条路由,如果存在该条路由,再查询目的表中是否存在需要查询的数据项,如果存在该条数据项就获取目的表相关数据项的值,再根据设置的目的表的抄通概率确定是否回复获取的电表的数据信息。 Analog meter according to Test Method I according to claim, wherein: said step (D), according to the meter reading command set sent, the command analysis meter reading route, the route according to the routing information table in the case of the query determine whether there is the route, if the route exists, and then query the destination table if there is a need to query the data item, if the data item which exists on the destination table to get the value of related data items, according to the copy destination table settings through probability determining whether to reply acquired meter data.
7.根据权利要求I所述的电表模拟测试方法,其特征在于:所述步骤E中:将上述步骤中产生的数据形成文档,并对所述文档进行管理,文档内容包括集中器发送的抄表命令帧, 对抄表命令解析形成抄表路由路径,抄表数据项,模拟表返回帧信息,以及发生时间。 Analog meter according to Test Method I according to claim, wherein: said step E: the data generated in the previous step is formed document, and the document management, including the copied documents transmitted concentrator Table command frame, meter reading meter reading command parsing of routing path is formed, meter reading data entry, simulation table Back frame information and time of occurrence.
Description  Langue du texte original : Chinois

电表模拟测试方法 Meter Simulation Test Method

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电表领域,特别是关于一种电表模拟测试方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a meter in the field, particularly to a meter simulation test methods.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 在现有的电力系统中,在低压集抄方面对表的抄通率一直不理想,在集中器出厂前对集中器的抄表性能的测试需要上千块的表,以及各种不同型号的表,搭建这种环境非常耗费资源和成本,已经无法满足实际应用中的需要了。 [0002] In the existing power system, in terms of low pressure collection copy copy-pass rate table has been unsatisfactory, in front of the concentrator concentrator factory test meter performance requires a thousand tables, and a variety of different types of tables, set up this environment very resource intensive and cost, has been unable to meet the practical application needs.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0003] 为了克服上述现有技术的不足,本发明提供一种可以现有的大量电表难以配置和测试环境难以搭建的电表模拟测试方法。 [0003] In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art described above, the present invention is to provide a large number of existing analog meter meter difficult to configure and test methods hard to build a test environment.

[0004] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:提供一种电表模拟测试方法,其包括以下步骤:A对电表配置用于模拟现实中的电表; [0004] The aspect of the present invention is used for solving the technical problem is: to provide an analog meter test method comprising the following steps: A meter is configured to simulate the reality of the meter;

[0005] B路由设置,根据步骤A中的电表配置进行路由信息配置,根据配置的路由信息形成路由路径; [0005] B routing setup, Step A meter according to the configuration routing information configuration, formed according to the configuration of the routing path route information;

[0006] C建立连接,用于将模拟表与集中器进行连接; [0006] C to establish a connection, an analog meter connected to the concentrator;

[0007] D集中器发送抄表命令,模拟表根据收到的帧和本地配置路由信息比较,判断经过该条路由能否抄通目的表,再查询目的表相关数据项的值,根据模拟表设置的抄通率判断是否回复终端具体数据; [0007] D concentrator sends the meter reading command, simulation table compares the received frames according to local configuration and routing information to determine whether the route will pass through the copy destination table, and then query the value of the destination table data entry, according to the simulation table copy through rate setting of specific data to determine whether responses terminal;

[0008] E形成测试报告。 [0008] E form a test report.

[0009] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:所述的步骤A中配置的内容包括配置表, 配置数据项,以及设置每块电表数据项的具体值。 [0009] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: A procedure described in the configuration including configuration tables, configuration data item, and set a specific value each meter data items.

[0010] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:电表配置包括电表编号、电表名称、电表类型、电表地址以及抄通成功率。 [0010] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: meter configuration includes a meter serial number, meter name, the meter type, meter address and copy-pass success rate.

[0011] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:电表的数据项配置包括电表的基本参变量、当月电能量、上月电能量、上上月电能量、最大需量发生时间数据标识编码表、变量数据标识编码表、参变量数据标识编码表、电能量数据标识编码表、最大需量数据标识编码表等所包含的数据项,根据项目实际需要可以在该系统的新增、修改、删除具体的数据项。 [0011] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: Seals configure basic parametric data items including the meter, the month of electric energy, electric energy last month, last month electric energy, maximum demand occurrence time data identification code table item variable data identification code table, parametric data identification code table, electric energy data identification code table, the maximum amount of data required to identify code table, etc. included, according to the actual needs of the project in the new system, modify, delete specific The data item. 每个数据项包括数据项名称、数据项编码、数据格式、数据长度、数据初始值。 Each data item includes data item names, data item coding, data format, data length, data initial value.

[0012] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:设置每块电表数据项的具体值是根据项目需要配置需要读取的电表的数据项的值。 [0012] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: Set up the meter each data item value is based on the project specific configuration values need to be read meter data items. 通过接口,其他系统可以修改某块电表相应的数据项的具体值。 Through the interface, you can modify other system specific value of a piece of data items corresponding meter.

[0013] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:所述的步骤B中,集中器抄读某块电表可以通过电力载波信号通过附近的载波表作为中继把抄读信息传递给目的表,目的表收到抄读信息把相关的表信息通过电力线进过中继载波表把数据传递给集中器,模拟表模拟的情况是把中继载波表作为其中的某级路由,在路由配置中根据需要配置多条路由信息。 [0013] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: the step B, the concentrator copy to read a piece of power line carrier signal meter can read information to the copy destination table by table near the carrier as a relay, purpose Table received information copy to read the relevant table information through the power line into the relay carrier over the table to pass data to the concentrator, analog meter simulated situation is to relay carrier table as one of these class routing, routing configuration as needed Configuring multiple routes information. [0014] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:所述步骤C中,所述的模拟表通过串口与集中器建立连接。 [0014] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: the step C, the analog meter connected via the serial port concentrator.

[0015] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:所述步骤D中,根据集中器发送的抄表命令,分析抄表命令的路由情况,根据路由情况到路由信息表中查询判断是否存在该条路由, 如果存在该条路由,再查询目的表中是否存在需要查询的数据项,如果存在该条数据项就获取目的表相关数据项的值,再根据设置的目的表的抄通概率确定是否回复获取的电表的数据信息。 [0015] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: the step (D), according to the meter reading command set to send and analysis meter reading order routing case, according to the routing information in routing tables in a query to determine whether the presence of the article route, if the route exists, and then query the destination table if there is a need to query the data item, if the data item which exists on the destination table to get the value associated data items, and then determine whether to reply according to the purpose of setting the copy through probability table Get the meter data.

[0016] 本发明进一步解决技术问题的方案是:所述步骤E中:将上述步骤中产生的数据形成文档,并对所述文档进行管理,文档内容包括集中器发送的抄表命令帧,对抄表命令解析形成抄表路由路径,抄表数据项,模拟表返回帧信息,以及发生时间。 [0016] The present invention further solve the technical problem is to: the Step E: The data generated in the previous step documented, and the document management, document content including centralized meter reading command frame sent on Reading command parsing routing path is formed meter, meter reading data entry, simulation table Back frame information and time of occurrence.

[0017] 相较于现有技术,本发明电表模拟测试方法的优点是:通过模拟大量的表,避免了传统方式的测试集中器抄通率需要几千块表的情况,传统方式安装几千块表测试集中器抄通率成本高,环境难搭建,通过模拟表能模拟出实际中的情况,这种方式配置表方便,设置路由简单,方便和快捷,同时又能记录测试过程中的数据信息,为以后的数据分析提供了方便,不仅提高了测试效率,又降低了人工成本。 [0017] Compared to the prior art, the advantages of the meter simulation test method of the present invention are: by simulating a large number of tables, the traditional way to avoid the situation of the test set is copied through rate need thousands of pieces of the table, the traditional way to install thousands block table test copy concentrator through rate high costs, environmental difficult to build, through simulation table can simulate the actual situation in this way easy to configure the table, set up routing simple, convenient and quick, while data recorded during the test information for future data analysis provide a convenient, not only to improve test efficiency and reducing labor costs.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0018] 图I是本发明提供的电表模拟测试方法的流程示意图。 [0018] FIG. I is a schematic flow diagram of the present invention provides an analog meter test methods.

[0019] 图2是本发明提供的电表模拟测试方法的模拟表和集中器的结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an analog meter and concentrator of the present invention provides an analog meter test methods.

[0020] 图3是本发明提供的电表模拟测试方法的抄表命令的帧格式结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a frame format of the present invention provides a method of meter reading meter simulation test command.

[0021] 图4是本发明提供的电表模拟测试方法的回复获取的电表的数据信息的帧格式结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a frame format structure of the present invention provides a reply meter analog meter test methods to obtain data information.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0022] 以下内容是结合具体的优选实施方式对本发明所作的进一步详细说明,不能认定本发明的具体实施只局限于这些说明。 [0022] The following are described in further detail with reference to specific preferred embodiments of the present invention is made, it can not identify specific embodiment of the present invention is limited to these instructions. 对于本发明所属技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干简单推演或替换,都应当视为属于本发明的保护范围。 For ordinary skill in the art to which this invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, you can also make a number of simple deduction or replacement should be considered as belonging to the scope of the present invention.

[0023] 本发明提供了一种电表模拟测试方法,其包括以下步骤: [0023] The present invention provides a method of testing an analog meter, comprising the steps of:

[0024] A对电表配置用于模拟现实中的电表,配置的内容包括配置表,配置数据项,以及设置每块电表数据项的具体值; [0024] A configuration of the meter for analog meter in reality, the configuration includes the configuration table, the configuration data item, and set a specific value each meter data items;

[0025] B路由设置,根据步骤A中的电表配置进行路由信息配置,根据配置的路由信息形成路由路径; [0025] B routing setup, Step A meter according to the configuration routing information configuration, formed according to the configuration of the routing path route information;

[0026] C建立连接,用于将模拟表与集中器进行连接; [0026] C to establish a connection, an analog meter connected to the concentrator;

[0027] D集中器发送抄表命令,模拟表根据收到的帧和本地配置路由信息比较,判断经过该条路由能否抄通目的表,再查询目的表相关数据项的值,根据模拟表设置的抄通率判断是否回复终端具体数据; [0027] D concentrator sends the meter reading command, simulation table compares the received frames according to local configuration and routing information to determine whether the route will pass through the copy destination table, and then query the value of the destination table data entry, according to the simulation table copy through rate setting of specific data to determine whether responses terminal;

[0028] E形成测试报告。 [0028] E form a test report.

[0029] 上述的步骤A中,电表配置包括电表编号、电表名称、电表类型、电表地址以及抄通成功率。 [0029] The above step A, the meter configuration includes a meter serial number, meter name, the meter type, meter address and copy-pass success rate.

[0030] 电表的数据项配置包括电表的基本参变量、当月电能量、上月电能量、上上月电能量、最大需量发生时间数据标识编码表、变量数据标识编码表、参变量数据标识编码表、电能量数据标识编码表、最大需量数据标识编码表等所包含的数据项,根据项目实际需要可以在该系统的新增、修改、删除具体的数据项。 [0030] The basic configuration of the meter data items parametric variables include the meter, the month of electric energy, electric energy last month, last month electric energy, maximum demand occurrence time data identification code table, variable data identification code table, parametric data identification Data entry code table, electric energy data identification code table, the maximum amount of data required to identify code table, etc. included, according to the actual needs of the project in the new system, modify, delete specific data items. 每个数据项包括数据项名称、数据项编码、数据格式、数据长度、数据初始值。 Each data item includes data item names, data item coding, data format, data length, data initial value.

[0031] 设置每块电表数据项的具体值,根据项目需要配置需要读取的电表的数据项的值。 [0031] set a specific value each meter data entry, according to the project configuration values need to be read meter data items. 通过接口,其他系统可以修改某块电表相应的数据项的具体值。 Through the interface, you can modify other system specific value of a piece of data items corresponding meter.

[0032] 集中器抄读某块电表可以通过电力载波信号通过附近的载波表作为中继把抄读信息传递给目的表,目的表收到抄读信息后把相关的表信息通过电力线经过中继载波表把数据传递给集中器。 [0032] The concentrator copy to read a piece of power line carrier signal meter can be close to the carrier table by reading the copy information to the destination table as a repeater, the associated table information relayed through a power line after receipt of the copy destination table read information Carrier table to pass data to the concentrator. 模拟表模拟的情况是把中继载波表作为其中的某级路由,在路由配置中根据需要配置多条路由信息。 The case is to simulate analog meter relay carrier table as one of these class routing, routing configuration in configuring multiple routes to the information as needed.

[0033] 所述的模拟表通过串口与集中器建立连接。 Simulation Table [0033] The connection is established through the serial port concentrator.

[0034] 根据集中器发送的抄表命令,分析抄表命令的路由情况,根据路由情况到路由信息表中查询判断是否存在该条路由,如果存在该条路由,再查询目的表中是否存在需要查询的数据项,如果存在该条数据项就获取目的表相关数据项的值,再根据设置的目的表的抄通概率确定是否回复获取的电表的数据信息。 [0034] The concentrator according to the meter reading command sent in routing analysis meter reading command, according to the routing information in routing tables in a query to determine whether the presence of the route, if the route exists, and then query the destination table if there is a need data item query, if the data item which exists to get the value of the destination table data entries, and then determine whether to reply acquisition of meter data communication probability set according to the copy destination table.

[0035] 中继转发帧的地址域是一级中继站地址,中继路由表的大小由控制码的中继级别编码决定,中继路由表最大是七个站地址。 Address field [0035] The relaying of the frame is level relay station address, the size of the relay routing table is determined by the control code level coding relay, the relay routing table maximum is seven station address. 对于一级中继转发帧,中继路由表仅有目的站地址一项,集中器发送的抄表命令,抄表命令的帧格式如图3所示。 For primary relaying frame relay routing table is just a destination address, meter reading command sent by the concentrator, the meter reading command frame format shown in Figure 3.

[0036] 地址域为一级中继路由地址。 [0036] the address field of a relay routing address. 控制码的D5-D7表示中继路由级别,最大中继路由深度为7级,D0-D4为功能码。 Control code D5-D7 indicates relay route level, maximum depth of 7 relay route, D0-D4 as a function code. 如果直接抄读某块表,则中继路由表信息为空,控制码的高三位为O。 If the direct copy to read a block table, the relay routing table is empty, the control codes for the high three O.

[0037] 模拟表收到集中器的抄表命令后分析抄表命令的路由情况,根据路由情况到路由信息表中查询判断是否存在该条路由,如果存在该条路由就获取目的表相关数据项的值, 再根据设置的目的表的抄通概率确定是否回复获取的电表的数据信息,其帧格式如图4所 After the [0037] receive analog meter concentrator meter reading meter reading command routing command analyzing the situation, according to the routing information in routing tables in a query to determine whether the presence of the route, if the route exists on the purpose of obtaining the relevant data entry table value, and then determine whether to reply meter data according to information obtained through probability copy destination table settings, the frame format shown in Figure 4

/Jn ο / Jn ο

[0038] 所述步骤E中:将上述步骤中产生的数据形成文档,并对所述文档进行管理。 Step E [0038] wherein: said step of generating the data forming the document, and the document management. 文档内容包括集中器发送的抄表命令帧,对抄表命令解析形成抄表路由路径,抄表数据项,模拟表返回帧信息,以及发生时间。 Documentation includes meter reading command set to send a frame, meter routing path for meter reading command parsing form, meter reading data entry, simulation table Back frame information and time of occurrence.

[0039] 本发明采用接收线程处理集中器传送过来的帧,模拟表收到集中发送过来的帧后,通过对帧进行分析,根据分析后的情况得到相关的路由信息和需要抄读的数据项。 [0039] The present invention uses frame reception threading transmitted from the concentrator, analog meter after receipt of a frame sent from the centralized, through the analysis of the frame, according to analysis of the situation by the relevant routing information and the need to copy data items read . 模拟表根据路由信息到系统配置表中查询是否存在该条路由路径,如果存在就查询目的表中是否存在需要抄读的数据项,如果存在该数据项就从配置表中取出该表该项值,再根据协议组成相关帧通过发送线程发送出去。 Analog watch according to the routing information to the system configuration table in the query whether there is the route path, if there is a query whether there is a need to copy to read items in the destination table, if there is the entry to remove the value from the table configuration table , and then sent out according to the agreement by sending a thread composed of the relevant frame.

[0040] 本发明的有益效果是:通过模拟大量的表,避免了传统方式的测试集中器抄通率需要几千块表的情况,传统方式安装几千块表测试集中器抄通率成本高,环境难搭建,通过模拟表能模拟出实际中的情况,这种方式配置表方便,设置路由简单,方便和快捷,同时又能记录测试过程中的数据信息,为以后的数据分析提供了方便,不仅提高了测试效率,又降低了人工成本。 [0040] the beneficial effects of the present invention are: by simulating a large number of tables, the traditional way to avoid the situation of the test set is copied through rate need thousands of pieces of the table, the traditional way to install thousands of pieces of table concentrator high test copy costs through rate Environmental difficult to build, through simulation table can simulate the actual situation in this way easy to configure the table, set the route is simple, convenient and fast, while recording data during the test, the data for future analysis provides a convenient not only improves test efficiency and reducing labor costs.

Citations de brevets
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Classifications
Classification internationaleG01R35/00
Événements juridiques
DateCodeÉvénementDescription
20 janv. 2010C06Publication
24 mars 2010C10Request of examination as to substance
25 juil. 2012C14Granted
18 mars 2015LICCEnforcement, change and cancellation of record of contracts on the license for exploitation of a patent