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Numéro de publicationCN103313824 A
Type de publicationDemande
Numéro de demandeCN 201180061620
Numéro PCTPCT/US2011/067628
Date de publication18 sept. 2013
Date de dépôt28 déc. 2011
Date de priorité28 déc. 2010
Autre référence de publicationEP2658682A2, US20120174493, WO2012092388A2, WO2012092388A3
Numéro de publication201180061620.0, CN 103313824 A, CN 103313824A, CN 201180061620, CN-A-103313824, CN103313824 A, CN103313824A, CN201180061620, CN201180061620.0, PCT/2011/67628, PCT/US/11/067628, PCT/US/11/67628, PCT/US/2011/067628, PCT/US/2011/67628, PCT/US11/067628, PCT/US11/67628, PCT/US11067628, PCT/US1167628, PCT/US2011/067628, PCT/US2011/67628, PCT/US2011067628, PCT/US201167628
InventeursL·李
Déposant圣戈班磨料磨具有限公司, 法国圣戈班磨料磨具公司
Exporter la citationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Liens externes:  SIPO, Espacenet
Robust binder bonded grinding wheel
CN 103313824 A
Résumé
An abrasive tool includes a matrix material and an abrasive grain contained within the matrix material. The matrix material includes a binder and a block copolymer. The block copolymer includes a binder miscible block and a binder immiscible block. The binder immiscible block of the block copolymer can form toughening domains within the matrix material. A method of forming an abrasive tool includes blending a binder powder, a block copolymer powder, and an abrasive grain to form a blended powder, shaping the blended powder, and curing the blended powder.
Revendications(74)  Langue du texte original : Chinois
1.一种研磨工具,包括: 一种基体材料,该基体材料包括一种粘合剂和一种嵌段共聚物,该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段和一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段,其中该粘合剂不互混的嵌段形成了在该基体材料内分散的多个增韧域,该多个增韧域具有一种单相、包括该粘合剂不互混的嵌段;以及包含在该基体材料中的一种磨料颗粒。 An abrasive tool, comprising: a matrix material, the matrix material comprises a binder and a block copolymer, the block copolymer comprises a binder and one block miscible immiscible block adhesive, wherein the adhesive immiscible block is formed in a plurality of domains within the toughening material is dispersed in the matrix, the domains having a plurality of single-phase toughening, including the adhesive immiscible block; and an abrasive particles contained in the matrix material.
2.—种研磨工具,包括: 一种基体材料,该基体材料包括: 一种粘合剂; 该粘合剂中的一种嵌段共聚物,该嵌段共聚物具有至少一个第一部分和第二部分;分散在一种粘合剂中的多个增韧域,其中该多个增韧域中每一个包括该嵌段共聚物的第一部分;以及该基体材料中的一种磨料颗粒。 2.- kinds of grinding tools, comprising: a matrix material, the matrix material comprises: a binder; the binder of a block copolymer, the block copolymer having at least a first portion and two parts; dispersed in a binder in a plurality of toughened domains, wherein each of the plurality of toughened domain comprises a first portion of the block copolymer; and a matrix material in the abrasive particles.
3.—种研磨工具,包括: 一种基体材料,该基体材料包括一种粘合剂和一种嵌段共聚物,该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段和一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段,其中该基体材料包括由该嵌段共聚物的粘合剂不互混的嵌段形成的多个增韧域;以及包含在该基体材料中的一种磨料颗粒。 3.- kinds of grinding tools, comprising: a matrix material, the matrix material comprises a binder and a block copolymer, the block copolymer comprises a binder and one block miscible adhesive immiscible block, wherein the plurality of toughening the domain of the matrix material comprises a binder of the block copolymer immiscible block form; and an abrasive contained in the matrix material particles.
4.一种研磨工具,包括: 一种基体材料,该基体材料包括一种粘合剂以及一种嵌段共聚物,该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段以及一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段,其中该基体材料包括多个增韧域,这些增韧域具有由该粘合剂不互混的嵌段形成的一个第一相,并且其中这些增韧域中每一个至少部分地被由该粘合剂易混合的嵌段和该粘合剂形成的一个第二相包围;以及包含在该基体材料中的一种磨料颗粒。 An abrasive tool, comprising: a matrix material, the matrix material comprises a binder and a block copolymer, the block copolymer comprising a binder and a block miscible adhesive immiscible block, wherein the matrix material comprises a plurality of toughened domains, these domains have made the toughened adhesive immiscible block form a first phase, and wherein these domains toughening each at least partially by a second phase consisting of the binder and the miscible block formed by enclosing adhesive; and an abrasive particles contained in the matrix material.
5.—种研磨工具,包括: 一种基体材料,该基体材料包括一种粘合剂以及一种嵌段共聚物,该粘合剂包括:酚醛粘合剂、环氧粘合剂、或它们的任何组合,该嵌段共聚物包括••聚(甲基丙烯酸甲酯)嵌段、聚苯乙烯嵌段、和聚丁二烯嵌段中的至少两种;以及包含在该基体材料中的一种磨料颗粒。 5.- kinds of grinding tools, comprising: a matrix material, the matrix material comprises a binder and a block copolymer, the binder comprising: a phenolic binder, an epoxy adhesive, or Any combination of the block copolymer comprises •• poly (methyl methacrylate) block, a polystyrene block, a polybutadiene block and at least two; and contained in the matrix material An abrasive particles.
6.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该粘合剂是酚醛树脂、环氧树脂、或它们的任何组合。 As claimed in claim 3, 4, 5, or any one of the abrasive tool, wherein the binder is a phenol resin, an epoxy resin, or any combination thereof.
7.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括:聚(甲基丙烯酸甲酯)、聚苯乙烯、聚丁二烯、或它们的任何组合。 7. as claimed in claim 3, 4, 5, or any one of the abrasive tool, wherein the block copolymer comprising: a poly (methyl methacrylate), polystyrene, polybutadiene alkenyl, or any combination thereof.
8.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物是:二嵌段共聚物、三嵌段共聚物、四嵌段共聚物、或另一多嵌段共聚物。 8. claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the block copolymer is: diblock copolymer, triblock copolymer, tetra-block copolymer material, or other multi-block copolymers.
9.如权利要求8所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括至少一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段以及至少一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段。 9. The abrasive tool according to claim 8, wherein the block copolymer comprises at least one binder miscible block and at least one binder immiscible block.
10.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,这些磨料颗粒包括一种超级磨料材料。 10. The abrasive tool as claimed in claim 1, 2, or any one of claims 5, wherein the abrasive grains comprise a superabrasive material.
11.如权利要求10所述的研磨工具,其中,该超级磨料材料包括选自以下材料的组的一种材料,该材料的组由以下各项组成:金刚石、立方氮化硼、以及它们的组合。 11. The abrasive tool of claim 10, wherein the superabrasive material comprises a material selected from the group of the following materials, the material shall consist of the group: diamond, cubic boron nitride, and their combination.
12.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,这些磨料颗粒包括选自以下材料的组的一种材料,该材料的组由以下各项组成:氧化物类、碳化物类、硼化物类、氮化物类、以及它们的组合。 12. The abrasive tool as claimed in claim 1, 2, or any one of claims 5, wherein the abrasive grains comprise a material selected from the group of the following materials, the material from the group represented by the following Composition: oxides, carbides, borides, nitrides, and combinations thereof.
13.如权利要求12所述的研磨工具,其中,这些磨料颗粒主要由氧化物构成。 13. The abrasive tool as claimed in claim 12 wherein the abrasive grains mainly composed of an oxide.
14.如权利要求12所述的研磨工具,其中,这些磨料颗粒包括选自以下氧化物的组的一种氧化物材料,该组由以下各项组成:氧化铝、氧化锆、硅石、以及它们的组合。 14. The abrasive tool of claim 12, wherein the abrasive grains include an oxide selected from the group of oxide materials, the group consisting of the following components: alumina, zirconia, silica, and their combination.
15.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,这些磨料颗粒包括至少约5GPa的维氏硬度。 15. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the abrasive grains comprise at least about 5GPa Vickers hardness.
16.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该研磨工具具有超过一种类似的无该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具至少约20%的百分比增加G1C,其中该百分比增加是基于公式((GN-GC) /GC X 100%),其中GN表示具有该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的GlC并且GC表示无该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的G1C。 16. The claim 1,2,3,4, or grinding tool according to any one of claims 5, wherein the abrasive tool with more than a similar non-abrasive tool of the block copolymer, at least about 20% Increased percentage G1C, wherein the percentage increase is based on the formula ((GN-GC) / GC X 100%), which represents GlC GN abrasive tool having the block copolymer and the block copolymer GC indicates no abrasive tool The G1C.
17.如权利要求16所述的研磨工具,其中,该百分比增加GlC是至少约30%、至少约40%、至少约50%、或至少约60%。 17. The abrasive tool as claimed in claim 16, wherein, the percentage increase GlC at least about 30%, at least about 40%, at least about 50%, or at least about 60%.
18.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该研磨工具具有超过一种类似的无该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具至少约10%的百分比增加SpWOF,其中该百分比增加是基于公式((SN-SC)/SC X 100%),其中SN表示具有该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的SpWOF并且SC表示无该嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的SpWOF。 18. The claim 1,2,3,4, or grinding tool according to any one of claims 5, wherein the abrasive tool with more than a similar non-abrasive tool of the block copolymer is at least about 10% Percentage increase SpWOF, where the percentage increase is based on the formula ((SN-SC) / SC X 100%), where SN represents SpWOF abrasive tools of the block copolymer and the block copolymer SC indicates no abrasive tool The SpWOF.
19.如权利要求18所述的研磨工具,其中,该百分比增加SpWOF是至少约15%或至少约20%。 19. The abrasive tool of claim 18, wherein, the percentage increase SpWOF at least about 15% or at least about 20%.
20.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括从约70wt%至约95wt%的粘合剂。 20. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the matrix material comprises from about 70wt% to about 95wt% of binder.
21.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括从约5wt%至约30wt%的嵌段共聚`物。 21. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the matrix material comprises from about 5wt% to about 30wt% of the block copolymer composition `.
22.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该磨料颗粒以占该研磨工具的从约50wt%至约80wt%的量值而存在。 22. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 wherein any one of the polishing tool, wherein the abrasive grains of the abrasive tool to occupy from about 50wt% to about 80wt% of the magnitude exist.
23.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,进一步包括由该基体材料形成的一种本体。 23. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, further comprising a body made of the substrate material.
24.如权利要求23所述的研磨工具,其中,该本体包括一种圆柱体形状。 24. The abrasive tool according to claim 23, wherein the body comprises a cylindrical shape.
25.如权利要求24所述的研磨工具,其中,该本体包括至少约45cm的外径。 25. The abrasive tool according to claim 24, wherein the body comprises at least an outer diameter of about 45cm.
26.如权利要求23所述的研磨工具,其中该本体包括不大于约3cm的平均厚度。 26. The abrasive tool according to claim 23, wherein the body includes no more than an average thickness of about 3cm.
27.如权利要求26所述的研磨工具,其中,该平均厚度是在约0.5cm与约2cm之间的范围之内。 27. The abrasive tool of claim 26, wherein the average thickness is in the range of between about 0.5cm and about 2cm of the.
28.如权利要求23所述的研磨工具,其中,该本体包括一个楔形区域,该楔形区域围绕该本体的外周的一部分环圆周地延伸。 28. The abrasive tool of claim 23, wherein the body comprises a tapered region, the wedge-shaped region extending circumferentially around the ring portion of the outer periphery of the body.
29.如权利要求28所述的研磨工具,其中,该楔形区域贯穿该本体的整个圆周而延伸。 29. The abrasive tool according to claim 28, wherein, the wedge-shaped region of the body throughout the entire circumference extending.
30.如权利要求28所述的研磨工具,其中,该楔形区域从该本体的一个平坦区域径向地延伸。 30. The abrasive tool according to claim 28, wherein the wedge-shaped region extending from one flat region of the body radially.
31.如权利要求28所述的研磨工具,其中,该本体的楔形区域包括的平均厚度大于该本体的平坦区域的平均厚度。 31. The abrasive tool according to claim 28, wherein the average thickness of the wedge-shaped area of the body including the body is greater than the average thickness of the flat area.
32.如权利要求23所述的研磨工具,其中,该本体包括一个贯穿该本体的厚度而延伸的中央开口。 32. The abrasive tool of claim 23, wherein the body comprises a central body extending through the thickness of the opening extending.
33.如权利要求2所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物的第二部分和该粘合剂形成了与这些增韧域不同的一个单相。 33. The abrasive tool according to claim 2, wherein the second portion of the block copolymer and the adhesive is formed with a different one of these fields toughening single phase.
34.如权利要求2所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物的第一部分包括一个粘合剂不互混的部分。 34. The abrasive tool as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first portion of the block copolymer comprises a non-adhesive portion intermixing.
35.如权利要求2所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物的第二部分包括一个粘合剂易混合的部分。 35. The abrasive tool according to claim 2, wherein the second portion of the block copolymer comprises a partially miscible adhesive.
36.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,每个增韧域的截面总体上是椭圆体的。 36. The claim 1, 2, or polishing tool according to any one of claims 4, wherein the overall cross section of each of the toughening field is ellipsoidal.
37.如权利要求36所述的研磨工具,其中,每个增韧域的截面总体上是圆形的。 37. The abrasive tool according to claim 36, wherein the generally circular cross-section of each domain on toughening.
38.如权利要求37所述的研磨工具,其中,该增韧域包括至少约0.1 μ m的平均直径。 38. The abrasive tool according to claim 37, wherein the toughening domain comprises an average diameter of at least about 0.1 μ m.
39.如权利要求38所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域包括至少约0.2μπκ至少约0.3 μ m、至少约0.4 μ m、至少约0.5 μ m、至少约1.0 μ m、至少约2.5 μ m、或至少约5.0 μ m的平均直径。 39. The abrasive tool according to claim 38 wherein the toughening 0.2μπκ domain includes at least about at least about 0.3 μ m, at least about 0.4 μ m, at least about 0.5 μ m, at least about 1.0 μ m, at least about 2.5 μ m, or at least an average diameter of about 5.0 μ m.
40.如权利要求39所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域包括不大于约25.0 μ m、不大于约20.0 μ m、不大于约15.0 μ m、或不大于约10.0 μ m的平均直径。 40. The abrasive tool of claim 39, wherein the toughening domains include no more than about 25.0 μ m, no greater than about 20.0 μ m, no greater than about 15.0 μ m, or no more than an average diameter of about 10.0 μ m .
41.如权利要求40所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域包括0.1 μ m与25.0 μ m之间并且包括端值的平均直径。 41. The abrasive tool according to claim 40, wherein the toughening domain comprised between 0.1 μ m and 25.0 μ m and the average diameter end includes a value.
42.如权利要求41所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域包括在0.1 μ m与20.0 μ m之间并且包括端值、在0.1 μ m与15.Ομπι之间并且包括端值、在0.14 111与10.(^111之间并且包括端值、在0.1 μ m与5.0 μ m之间并且包括端值、在0.1 μ m与2.5 μ m之间并且包括端值、或在0.1 μ m与0.5 μ m之间并且包括端值的平均直径。 42. The abrasive tool of claim 41, wherein the toughening domain comprised between 0.1 μ m and with 20.0 μ m inclusive, between 0.1 μ m and with 15.Ομπι inclusive, in and comprised between 0.14 and 10 111. (^ 111 end value between 0.1 μ m and 5.0 μ m and inclusive, between 0.1 μ m and 2.5 μ m and inclusive, or 0.1 μ m and between 0.5 μ m and comprises an average diameter of the end value.
43.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域包括的增韧域硬度是小于粘合剂硬度。 43. The claim 1, 2, or wherein the toughening toughening domains include those domains hardness is less than 4, the polishing tool according to any one of the hardness of the adhesive.
44.如权利要求43所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域硬度是小于粘合剂硬度的约90%。 44. The abrasive tool of claim 43, wherein the hardness of toughening domain is about 90% less than the hardness of the adhesive.
45.如权利要求44所述的研磨工具,其中,该增韧域硬度是小于该粘合剂硬度的约85%、小于该粘合剂硬度的约80%、小于该粘合剂硬度的约75%、或小于约70%。 45. The abrasive tool of claim 44, wherein the hardness of toughening domain is about 85% less than the hardness of the binder, about 80% less than the hardness of the binder, the binder is less than the hardness of about 75%, or less than about 70%.
46.如权利要求45所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域硬度是大于该粘合剂硬度的约60%。 46. The abrasive tool of claim 45, wherein the toughening domain hardness greater than about 60% of the hardness of the adhesive.
47.如权利要求43所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域硬度在该粘合剂硬度的约60%与该粘合剂硬度的约90%之间并且包括端值。 47. The abrasive tool of claim 43, wherein the toughening domain hardness between about 60% and the hardness of the adhesive binder and a hardness of from about 90% inclusive.
48.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,这些增韧域是基本上均匀地分散遍及该基体材料的整体体积。 48. The claim 1, 2, or wherein these domains are toughening 4 substantially uniformly dispersed abrasive tool according to any one of claims throughout the entire volume of the substrate material.
49.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括每I μ m2至少约I个增韧域的增韧域浓度。 49. The claim 1, 2, or one of the abrasive tool, wherein the matrix material comprises any toughening 4 I μ m2 per field concentration at least about a toughening I domain.
50.如权利要求49所述的研磨工具,其中,该增韧域浓度是每I μ m2至少约2个增韧域、每I μ m2至少约3个增韧域、每I μ m2至少约4个增韧域、或每I μ m2至少约5个增韧域。 50. The abrasive tool of claim 49, wherein the toughening field concentration is at least about I μ m2 every two toughened domain, I μ m2 each at least about 3 toughened domain, at least about every I μ m2 4 toughened domain, or at least I μ m2 each about five toughening domain.
51.如权利要求50所述的研磨工具,其中,该增韧域浓度是不大于每I μ m2约10个增韧域。 51. The abrasive tool of claim 50, wherein the toughening per field concentration is not more than about 10 I μ m2 toughening domain.
52.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括每I μ m2l个增韧域与每I μ m210个增韧域之间并且包括端值的增韧域浓度。 52. The claim 1, 2, or according to any one of the grinding tool 5, wherein the base material comprises a toughness I μ m2l each domain and each I μ between a toughened domain m210 and includes toughening field concentration end values.
53.如权利要求52所述的研磨工具,其中,该增韧域浓度是每Iym2I个增韧域与每I μ m25个增韧域之间并且包括端值。 53. The abrasive tool of claim 52, wherein the concentration of the toughening field is inclusive, and between each and every Iym2I a toughening domain I μ m25 a toughening domain.
54.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括对于该基体材料的总重量而言至少约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物。 54. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the matrix material comprises respect to the total weight of the matrix material in terms of at least about 0.5wt% of a block copolymer .
55.如权利要求54所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括对于该基体材料的总重量而言至少约lwt%、至少约2wt%的嵌段共聚物、至少约3wt%的嵌段共聚物、至少约4wt%的嵌段共聚物、或至少约5wt%的嵌段共聚物。 55. The abrasive tool according to claim 54, wherein the matrix material comprises at least about lwt% to the total weight of the matrix material, at least about 2wt% of a block copolymer, at least about 3wt% of a block copolymer composition, at least about 4wt% of a block copolymer, or at least about 5wt% of a block copolymer.
56.如权利要求55所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括对于该基体材料的总重量而言不大于约10wt%的嵌段共聚物。 56. The abrasive tool of claim 55, wherein the matrix material comprises respect to the total weight of the matrix material in terms of not greater than about 10wt% of a block copolymer.
57.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该基体材料包括在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约10wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值、在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约8wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值、或在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约5wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值。 57. The claim 1, 2, 5 or abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the matrix material comprises a block copolymer of about 0.5wt% and about 10wt% of a block copolymer between and including the end values of between about 0.5wt% to about 8wt% block copolymer and block copolymer inclusive, or from about 0.5wt% of a block copolymer and about 5wt% of the inlay between and inclusive block copolymer.
58.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括小于约1.4、1.3、或1.2的多分散性指数。 58. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the block copolymer comprises less than about 1.4, 1.3, or 1.2 polydispersity index.
59.如权利要求58所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括大于约1.1的多分散性指数。 59. The abrasive tool of claim 58, wherein the block copolymer comprises greater than about 1.1 polydispersity index.
60.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括在约1.1与约1.4之间并且包括端值或在约1.1与约1.3之间并且包括端值的多分散性指数。 60. The claim 1, 2, 5 or abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the block copolymer comprises between about 1.1 and about 1.4 and is inclusive or between about 1.1 and and includes a polydispersity index value between about 1.3 terminal.
61.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,进一步包括至少约6800RPM的破裂速度。 61. The claim 1,2,3,4, or 5 abrasive tool according to any one of claims, further comprising a burst speed of at least about 6800RPM.
62.如权利要求61·所述的研磨工具,进一步包括至少约6850RPM、至少约6900RPM、至少约6950RPM、至少约7000RPM、或至少约7050RPM的破裂速度。 61. 62. The right of the required grinding tools, further comprising at least about 6850RPM, at least about 6900RPM, at least about 6950RPM, at least about 7000RPM, or at least about 7050RPM rupture speed.
63.如权利要求62所述的研磨工具,其中,该破裂速度是不大于约7100RPM。 63. The abrasive tool according to claim 62, wherein the rupture velocity is not greater than about 7100RPM.
64.如权利要求1、2、3、4、或5中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,该嵌段共聚物包括至少约3000g/mol的摩尔质量。 64. The claim 1, 2, 5 or abrasive tool according to any one of claims, wherein the block copolymer comprises at least about 3000g / mol molar mass.
65.如权利要求64所述的研磨工具,其中该摩尔质量是至少约3100g/mol、至少约3200g/mol、至少约3300g/mol、至少约3400g/mol、至少约3500g/mol、至少约10000g/mol、至少约15000g/mol、至少约20000g/mol、至少约25000g/mol、至少约30000g/mol、至少约35000g/mol、至少约40000g/mol、至少约45000g/mol、或至少约50000g/mol。 65. The abrasive tool of claim 64, wherein the molar mass is at least about 3100g / mol, at least about 3200g / mol, at least about 3300g / mol, at least about 3400g / mol, at least about 3500g / mol, at least about 10000g / mol, at least about 15000g / mol, at least about 20000g / mol, at least about 25000g / mol, at least about 30000g / mol, at least about 35000g / mol, at least about 40000g / mol, at least about 45000g / mol, or about at least 50000g / mol.
66.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,将这些增韧域配置成在使用过程中作为减震器起作用。 66. The claim 1, 2, or wherein these toughening 4 domain configuration abrasive tool according to any one of claims during use to act as a shock absorber.
67.如权利要求1、2、3、或4中任一项所述的研磨工具,其中,将这些增韧域配置成在使用过程中吸收能量。 67. The claim 1, 2, or, where these toughening 4 domain configuration to any one of the grinding tool to absorb energy during use.
68.一种方法,包括: 将一种粘合剂粉末、一种嵌段共聚物粉末、和一种磨料颗粒共混以形成一种共混的粉末,该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段和一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段; 将该共混的粉末成形;并且固化该共混的粉末以形成一种研磨工具。 68. A method, comprising: a binder powder, powder of a block copolymer, and an abrasive particles are blended to form a blended powder, the block copolymer comprises an adhesive block and a binder agent miscible immiscible block; forming the blended powder; and the blended powder is cured to form an abrasive tool.
69.如权利要求68所述的方法,其中,将该共混的粉末成形包括: 用该共混的粉末填充一个模具;并且在该模具内压缩该共混的粉末。 69. The method of claim 68, wherein the blended powder molding comprising: filling with the powder blend in a mold; and the blended powder is compressed within the mold.
70.如权利要求68所述的方法,其中,固化该共混的粉末包括加热该共混的粉末到固化温度。 70. The method of claim 68, wherein curing the blended powder comprises heating the blended powder to a curing temperature.
71.如权利要求70所述的方法,其中,该固化温度是至少约200° C。 71. The method of claim 70, wherein the curing temperature is at least about 200 ° C.
72.如权利要求67所述的方法,其中,该共混的粉末包括从约15wt%至约50wt%的粘合剂。 72. The method of claim 67, wherein the blended powder comprises from about 15wt% to about 50wt% of binder.
73.如权利要求68所述的方法,其中,该共混的粉末包括从约lwt%至约15wt%的嵌段共聚物。 73. The method of claim 68, wherein the blended powder comprises from about lwt% to about 15wt% of a block copolymer.
74.如权利要求68所述的方法,其中,该共混的粉末包括从约50wt%至约80wt%的磨料颗粒。 74. The method of claim 68, wherein the blended powder comprises from about 50wt% to about 80wt% of the abrasive particles.
Description  Langue du texte original : Chinois

耐用的粘合剂粘结的研磨轮技术领域[0001] 以下内容是针对一种研磨工具,并且具体地是针对一种耐用的粘合剂粘结的研磨轮。 Durable adhesive bond grinding wheel TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The following is directed to a grinding tool, and in particular is directed to a durable adhesive bond grinding wheel. 背景技术[0002] 研磨轮典型地用于切削、研磨、以及成形各种材料,例如,除其他材料之外的石材、金属、玻璃、塑料等。 [0002] Typically, the grinding wheel used for cutting, grinding, and forming various materials, such as, among other materials, stone, metal, glass, plastic or the like. 总体上,这些研磨轮可以具有不同相的材料,包括磨料颗粒、一种粘接齐U、以及一些孔隙性。 In general, the grinding wheel may have a material of different phases, comprising abrasive grains, a bonding homogeneous U, as well as some porosity. 取决于预期的应用,该研磨轮可以具有不同的设计以及构型。 Depending on the intended application, the grinding wheels may have different designs and configurations. 例如,对于针对精加工和切削金属的应用而言,一些研磨轮的形状被确定为使得它们具有特别薄的外形以有效地切削。 For example, for the application of the finishing and cutting of metal, the shapes of the grinding wheel is determined such that they have a particularly thin profile to cut effectively. [0003] 然而,考虑到这类轮的应用,这些磨料物品经历疲劳和故障。 [0003] However, considering the application of such wheels, abrasive materials experienced fatigue and failure. 实际上,这些轮可以具有小于一天的有限使用时间,这取决于使用频率。 In fact, these wheels may have a limited time of less than one day, depending on the frequency of use. 因此,工业上继续要求能够有改进性能的研磨轮。 Accordingly, the industry continues to claim to have improved the performance of the grinding wheel. _4]附图简要说明[0005] 通过参见附图可以更好地理解本披露,并且使其许多特征和优点对于本领域的普通技术人员变得清楚。 _4] BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0005] Referring to the drawings by the present disclosure may be better understood, and its numerous features and advantages to those of ordinary skill in the art will become apparent. [0006] 图1包括根据一个实施例的一种研磨工具的图解。 [0006] Figure 1 comprises an abrasive tool in accordance with one embodiment of illustration. [0007] 图2包括根据一个实施例的二嵌段共聚物的图解。 [0007] Figure 2 comprises a diblock copolymer according to one embodiment of the illustration. [0008] 图3包括根据一个实施例的三嵌段共聚物的图解。 [0008] Figure 3 comprises a triblock copolymer according to an embodiment of the illustration. [0009] 图4包括一个显微图像,展示了根据一个实施例的由一种嵌段共聚物和一种树脂形成的显微结构。 [0009] Figure 4 comprises a microscopic image showing the microstructure according to a block copolymer and a resin of an embodiment. [0010] 图5包括一个条形图,展示了根据一个实施例的一种标准磨料物品和一种嵌段共聚物磨料物品的破裂速度。 [0010] Figure 5 includes a bar graph showing a standard abrasive article and a block copolymer rupture velocity abrasive article in accordance with one embodiment. [0011 ] 在不同的图中使用相同的参考符号表示相似的或相同的事项。 [0011] Using the same reference symbols indicate similar or identical items in different figures. [0012] 详细说明[0013] 以下内容是针对利用包含在一种基体材料中的磨料颗粒的、用于切削、研磨、以及精加工工件的粘结的研磨工具。 [0012] Detailed Description [0013] The following is directed to the use of a matrix material contained in the abrasive particles, abrasive tools used for cutting, grinding, finishing and bonding of the workpiece. 该基体材料可以包括一种粘合剂和一种两亲性嵌段共聚物,该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段以及一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段。 The matrix material may comprise a binder and a amphiphilic block copolymer, the block copolymer comprises a binder miscible block and an adhesive immiscible block. 在此的某些实施例是针对特别适合用于对金属进行切削和/或成形的研磨轮。 In certain embodiments of this it is particularly suitable for polishing for metal cutting and / or shaping of the wheel. [0014] 图1包括根据一个实施例的一种研磨工具的图解。 [0014] Figure 1 comprises an abrasive tool in accordance with one embodiment of illustration. 值得注意的是,研磨工具100包括一个本体101,该本体具有如在二维上看总体上环形的形状。 It is worth noting that the grinding tool 100 includes a body 101, as in the two-dimensional body having a generally annular shape viewed. 应当理解的是在三维上该工具具有某一厚度,使得本体101具有一个圆盘状或一个圆柱形的形状。 It should be appreciated that in three dimensions the tool has a certain thickness, so that the body 101 has a disc-shaped or a cylindrical shape. 在一个实施例中,该本体可以具有至少约0.1cm并且不大于约3cm的平均厚度。 In one embodiment, the body may have at least about 0.1cm and no greater than an average thickness of about 3cm. 例如,该平均厚度可以是在约0.5cm与约2cm之间的范围内。 For example, the average thickness may be in the range of about 0.5cm and about 2cm between. 如所展示的,该本体可以具有延伸通过该工具中心的一个外径103。 As illustrated, the body may have an outer diameter extending through the center of the tool 103. 该外径103可以是在15cm至约IOOcm的范围内。 The outer diameter of 103 may be in the range of 15cm to about IOOcm. 在一个具体实施例中,该外径可以是至少约45cm。 In a particular embodiment, the outer diameter can be at least about 45cm. [0015] 如进一步展示的,该研磨工具100可以包括由本体101的中心附近的一个内部环状表面102限定的一个中心开口105。 [0015] As further shown, the grinding tool 100 may comprise a center by an internal annular surface near the center of the body 101 defines an opening 102 105. 该中心开口105可以延伸通过本体101的整个厚度,使得该研磨工具100可以安装在一个转轴或其他机器上用来在操作过程中使该研磨工具100旋转。 The central opening 105 may extend through the entire thickness of the body 101 such that the grinding tool 100 may be mounted on a shaft or other machine for the grinding tool 100 is rotated during operation manipulation. [0016] 在一个实施例中,该本体可以包括在该本体的周边的一部分附近环圆周地延伸的一个楔形区域。 [0016] In one embodiment, the body portion may include a tapered region near circumferentially extending at the periphery of the body. 该楔形区域可以延伸通过该本体的整个圆周。 The wedge-shaped region may extend through the entire circumference of the body. 另外,该楔形区域从该本体的一个平坦区域径向地延伸。 In addition, the wedge-shaped region extending radially from a flat area of the body. 在一个具体实施例中,该本体的楔形区域包括一个平均厚度,该平均厚度大于该本体的平坦区域的平均厚度。 In one particular embodiment, the wedge-shaped area of the body comprises a average thickness, the average thickness greater than the average thickness of the flat areas of the body. [0017] 在一个实施例中,该研磨工具的本体可以包括一种磨料颗粒,这种磨料颗粒被包含在一种基体材料中。 [0017] In one embodiment, the body of the abrasive tool may comprise an abrasive particles, the abrasive particles are contained in such a matrix material. 在一个实例中,该磨料颗粒可以包括超级磨料材料,如金刚石、立方氮化硼、以及它们的组合。 In one example, the abrasive grain may include superabrasive materials, such as diamond, cubic boron nitride, and combinations thereof. 在另一个实例中,这些磨料颗粒包含选自下材料的组的一种材料,该组由以下各项组成:氧化物类、碳化物类、硼化物类、氮化物类、以及它们的组合。 In another example, the abrasive grains comprise a material selected from the group of materials consisting of the group consisting of the following: oxides, carbides, borides, nitrides, and combinations thereof. 在一个具体实施例中,这些磨料颗粒可以主要由氧化物组成。 In one particular embodiment, the abrasive grains may be composed mainly of an oxide. 该氧化物材料可以包括:氧化铝、氧化锆、硅石、或它们的任何组合。 The oxide material may include: alumina, zirconia, silica, or any combination thereof. 另外,这些磨料颗粒包括至少约5GPa的维氏硬度。 In addition, these abrasive particles comprise at least about 5GPa Vickers hardness. 在一个实施例中,该磨料颗粒能够以占该研磨工具的从约50wt%至约80wt%的量值而存在。 In one embodiment, the abrasive particles can be accounted for from the grinding tool about 50wt% to about 80wt% of the value and existence. [0018] 该基体材料可以包括一种粘合剂,例如一种酚醛树脂或一种环氧树脂,以及一种两亲性嵌段共聚物。 [0018] The matrix material may comprise a binder, e.g., a phenolic resin or an epoxy resin, and an amphiphilic block copolymer. 在一个实例中,该基体材料可以包括从约70wt%至约95wt%的粘合剂以及从约5wt%至约30wt%的两亲性嵌段共聚物。 In one example, the substrate material may comprise from about 70wt% to about 95wt% of binder and from about 5wt% to about 30wt% of the amphiphilic block copolymers. [0019] 该两亲性嵌段共聚物可以包括至少两个嵌段并且可以包括多个嵌段,这些嵌段包括:聚(甲基丙烯酸甲酯)、聚苯乙烯、聚丁二烯、或它们的任何组合。 [0019] The amphiphilic block copolymers may comprise at least two blocks and may include a plurality of blocks, these blocks include: poly (methyl methacrylate), polystyrene, polybutadiene, or any combination thereof. 在一个实例中,该两亲性嵌段共聚物可以是一种二嵌段共聚物或一种三嵌段共聚物。 In one example, the amphiphilic block copolymers may be a di-block copolymer or a three-block copolymer. [0020] 图2包括一种示例性二嵌段共聚物200的图解。 [0020] FIG. 2 illustrates an exemplary include di-block copolymer 200. 该二嵌段共聚物200可以包括嵌段202和204。 The two block copolymer may comprise a block 200 and 204 202. 另外,该二嵌段共聚物可以包括由嵌段202和204组成的重复单元,使得在嵌段204之后是嵌段202并且在嵌段202之后是嵌段204。 Further, the diblock copolymer may include repeating units represented by blocks 202 and 204 composed of such a block 204 after block 202 and after block 202 or block 204. 该嵌段202可以包括一种与嵌段204不同的聚合物,并且这样,嵌段202的特性可以与嵌段204的特性不同。 The block 202 may comprise a different polymer with the block 204, and thus, characteristics of the block 202 and block 204 may be of different characteristics. [0021] 图3包括一种示例性三嵌段共聚物300的图解。 [0021] Figure 3 includes an exemplary illustration 300 triblock copolymer. 该三嵌段共聚物300可以包括嵌段302、304、以及306。 The triblock copolymer block 300 may include 302, 304, and 306. 另外,该二嵌段共聚物可以包括由嵌段302、304、以及306组成的重复单元,使得在嵌段306之后是另一个嵌段302。 Further, the diblock copolymer may include repeating units represented by blocks 302, 304, and 306 formed, so that another block 306 after block 302. 嵌段304可以包括一种与嵌段302并且与嵌段306不同的聚合物。 Block 304 may comprise a block with the block 302 and 306 with different polymers. 另外,嵌段302可以包括一种与嵌段306不同的聚合物,使得嵌段302、304、和306的每一个包括一种与其他嵌段不同的聚合物。 In addition, the block 302 may comprise a different polymer with the block 306, so that the blocks 302, 304, and each of the other block comprises a different polymer 306. 在一个替代实施例中,嵌段302和306可以包括一种基本上类似的聚合物。 In an alternative embodiment, the block 302 and 306 may comprise a substantially similar polymer. [0022] 另外,该两亲性嵌段共聚物可以包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段以及一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段。 [0022] In addition, the amphiphilic block copolymers may comprise an adhesive miscible block and an adhesive immiscible block. 该粘合剂易混合的嵌段可以是一种可溶于树脂中的聚合物嵌段,这样使得该易混合的嵌段和该树脂形成该基体的一个单相。 The binder miscible block may be a resin soluble polymer block such that the miscible block and the resin forming the matrix a single phase. 相反,粘合剂不互混的嵌段可以基本上不溶于树脂中并且可以在该基体内形成一个分离的相。 In contrast, the adhesive immiscible block can be substantially insoluble in the resin and form a separate phase in the matrix. 在一个实例中,聚苯乙烯嵌段是易混合到酚醛树脂中的,但是在环氧树脂中是不互混的。 In one example, the polystyrene block is easily mixed into the phenolic resin, epoxy resin, but is not miscible. 相反,聚(甲基丙烯酸甲酯)嵌段在酚醛树脂在是不互混的但在环氧树脂中是易混合的。 In contrast, poly (methyl methacrylate) block in the phenolic resin is immiscible in the epoxy resin but is miscible. 这样,由一种聚苯乙烯嵌段和一种聚(甲基丙烯酸甲酯)嵌段组成的共聚物可以是针对酚醛树脂和环氧树脂两者的一种两亲性嵌段共聚物。 Thus, from one polystyrene block and a poly (methyl methacrylate) block copolymer may be composed of both a phenol resin and an epoxy resin for the amphiphilic block copolymer. [0023] 该两亲性嵌段共聚物的交替特性可以导致当与树脂结合时特定纳米结构的自组装。 [0023] The alternating nature of the amphiphilic block copolymers can lead to self-assemble when combined with the resin specific nanostructures. 在图4的显微图像中描绘了该纳米结构的一个实例。 It depicts an example of the nanostructure microscopic image in Fig. 4. 图4的显微图像是可以用于形成研磨工具例如一种研磨轮的基体材料的一部分的一个显微图像。 Figure 4 is a microscopic image can be used to form an abrasive tool such as a microscopic image of a portion of a grinding wheel base material. [0024] 在一个具体方面,该基体材料可以包括一种粘合剂402以及该粘合剂中的一种嵌段共聚物。 [0024] In one particular aspect, the substrate material 402 may comprise a binder and a block copolymer adhesive. 该嵌段共聚物可以包括至少一个第一部分以及第二部分,即,该嵌段共聚物可以包括一种二嵌段共聚物、一种三嵌段共聚物、一种四嵌段共聚物、或一些其他多嵌段共聚物。 The block copolymers may comprise at least a first portion and a second portion, i.e., the block copolymer may comprise a diblock copolymer A triblock copolymer, a four-block copolymer, or Some other multiblock copolymer. [0025] 如图4中指示的,该基体材料可以包括分散在该基体材料中的多个增韧域404。 [0025] FIG. 4 indicated, the substrate material may include dispersed in the matrix material of a plurality of toughening domain 404. 这些增韧域的每一个可以包括该嵌段共聚物的第一部分并且能够作为一个第一相存在于该基体材料中。 Each of these fields may include toughening a first portion of the block copolymer can be used as a first phase and is present in the matrix material. 另外,可以将一种磨料颗粒分散在该基体材料中。 Further, an abrasive particles may be dispersed in the matrix material. [0026] 在一个具体方面,该嵌段共聚物的第二部分和该粘合剂形成了与这些增韧域的相不同的一个单相。 [0026] In one particular aspect, the second part of the block copolymer and the adhesive is formed with different domains with these toughening a single phase. 而且,由该嵌段共聚物的第二部分和该粘合剂形成的该第二相可以至少部分地包围包括在这些增韧域中的形成的该第一相。 Further, the second portion of the block copolymer and the adhesive forming the second phase may comprise at least partially surrounding the formation of these domains toughening the first phase. 另一方面,该嵌段共聚物的第一部分包括一个粘合剂不互混的部分,并且该嵌段共聚物的第二部分包括一个粘合剂易混合的部分。 On the other hand, the first part of the adhesive comprises a block copolymer immiscible portion and the second portion of the block copolymer comprises a partially miscible adhesive. 该嵌段共聚物的不互混/易混合性质可以导致在该基体材料中形成该第一相和该第二相。 The block copolymer immiscible / miscible nature can lead to the first phase and the second phase is formed in the substrate material. 另外,该嵌段共聚物的不互混/易混合性质可以导致这些增韧域(toughening domain)结构的不同形态,例如球形域结构、泡状域结构、圆柱形域结构等。 In addition, the block copolymer is immiscible / miscible nature can lead to different forms of these toughened domain (toughening domain) structure, such as spherical domain structure, bubble-like domain structure, a cylindrical domain structure. [0027] 如图4中所描绘的,每个增韧域的截面可以总体上是椭圆体的。 [0027] As depicted in FIG. 4, the cross section of each field of toughening it may be generally elliptical body. 另外,每个增韧域的截面可以总体上是环形的。 Further, toughening section of each domain may be generally annular. 一方面,这些增韧域包括至少约0.1ym的平均直径。 On the one hand, these toughening domain comprises an average diameter of at least about 0.1ym. 另一方面,这些增韧域可以包括至少约0.2 μ m、至少约0.3 μ m、至少约0.4 μ m、至少约0.5 μ m、至少约1.0 μ m、至少约2.5 μ m、或至少约5.0 μ m的平均直径。 On the other hand, these toughening domain may comprise at least about 0.2 μ m, at least about 0.3 μ m, at least about 0.4 μ m, at least about 0.5 μ m, at least about 1.0 μ m, at least about 2.5 μ m, or at least about 5.0 μ m of average diameter. 另外,这些增韧域可以包括不大于约25.0 μ m、不大于约20.0 μ m、不大于约15.0 μ m、或不大于约10.Ομπι的平均直径。 In addition, these fields may include toughening no greater than about 25.0 μ m, no greater than about 20.0 μ m, no greater than about 15.0 μ m, or no more than an average diameter of about 10.Ομπι. 该平均直径可以是在任何上述最小平均直径之间与最大平均直径之间并且包括端值的范围内。 The average diameter can be between any of the above-mentioned average diameter between a minimum and a maximum average diameter within the range of and including the end values. [0028] 例如,这些增韧域可以包括在0.1 μ m至25.0 μ m之间并且包括端值的平均直径。 [0028] For example, these fields may include toughening between 0.1 μ m to 25.0 μ m and the average diameter end includes a value. 而且,这些增韧域可以包括在0.1 μ m与20.0 μ m之间并且包括端值、在0.1 μ m与15.0 μ m之间并且包括端值、在0.1ym与10.0ym之间并且包括端值、在0.1口111与5.(^111之间并且包括端值、在0.1 μ m与2.5 μ m之间并且包括端值、或在0.1 μ m与0.5 μ m之间并且包括端值的平均直径。 [0029] 在又另一个方面,这些增韧域可以包括一个增韧域硬度,该硬度小于粘合剂硬度。具体地说,该增韧域硬度可以是如通过公式[Htd/Hb]x100%给出的,小于粘合剂硬度的约90%,其中Htd是增韧域硬度并且Hb是粘合剂硬度。而且,该增韧域硬度可以是小于该粘合剂硬度的约85%、小于该粘合剂硬度的约80%、小于该粘合剂硬度的约75%、或小于约70%。另一方面,该增韧域硬度可以是大于该粘合剂硬度的约60%。该增韧域硬度可以是在上述任何最小百分比值与最大百分比值之间并且包括端值的范围内。[0030]另一方面,这些增韧域可以基本上均匀地分散遍及基体材料的整体体积。换言之,这些增韧域的大部分可以彼此间隔开。具体地说,至少约70%的这些增韧域可以是彼此间隔开的。而且,至少约75%、至少约80%、至少约85%、至少约90%、至少约95%、或至少约99%的增韧域可以是彼此间隔开的。另一方面,基本上所有这些增韧域可以是彼此间隔开的。[0031] 在又另一个方面,该基体材料可以包括如在约25000x放大率下在截面上看到的每I μ m2至少约I个增韧域的增韧域浓度。另外,该增韧域浓度可以是每I μ m2至少约2个增韧域、每I μ m2至少约3个增韧域、每I μ m2至少约4个增韧域、或每I μ m2至少约5个增韧域。该增韧域浓度可以不大于每I μ m2约10个增韧域。该增韧域浓度可以是在上述任何最小浓度值与最大浓度值之间并且包括端值的范围内。[0032] 例如,该基体材料可以包括每I μ m2l个增韧域与每I μ m210个增韧域之间并且包括端值的增韧域浓度。另外,该增韧域浓度可以是在每I μ m2l个增韧域与每I μ m25个增韧域之间并且包括端值。[0033] 该基体材料可以包括关于基体材料的总重量而言至少约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物。而且,该基体材料可以包括关于该基体材料的总重量而言至少约1%的嵌段共聚物、约2wt%的嵌段共聚物、至少约3wt%的嵌段共聚物、至少约4wt%的嵌段共聚物、或至少约5wt%的嵌段共聚物。 Moreover, these fields may include toughening between 0.1 μ m and with 20.0 μ m inclusive, between 0.1 μ m and with 15.0 μ m inclusive, and between 0.1ym inclusive and 10.0ym between 0.1 and 5 111. (111 ^ and inclusive, between 0.1 μ m and 2.5 μ m and inclusive, or between 0.1 μ m and 0.5 μ m, and comprises an average value of the end diameter. [0029] In yet another aspect, the domain may comprise a toughened toughening domain hardness, the hardness is less than the hardness of the adhesive. In particular, the hardness may be as toughening domain by the formula [Htd / Hb] given x100%, less than about 90% of the binder hardness, which is toughening domain Htd hardness and hardness Hb is an adhesive. Also, the hardness of toughening domain may be less than about 85% of the binder hardness , less than about 80% of the binder hardness less than about 75% of the binder hardness, or less than about 70%. On the other hand, the hardness of toughening domain may be greater than the hardness of the adhesive is about 60% The hardness of toughening domain may be between the maximum value and the minimum percentage of any percentage value and end value included in the scope. [0030] On the other hand, these fields can be toughened substantially dispersed throughout the matrix material is uniformly volume. In other words, the majority of these may be spaced apart from each other toughening domains. Specifically, at least about 70% of the toughening of these fields may be spaced apart from each other. And, at least about 75%, at least about 80%, at least about 85%, at least about 90%, at least about 95%, or at least about 99% of the toughening domain may be spaced apart from each other. On the other hand, substantially all of these fields can be toughened spaced apart from each other. [0031] In yet another aspect, the matrix material may include, for example, at about 25000x magnification seen in cross-section, at least I μ m2 per toughened domain concentration of about I a toughening of the domain. In addition, the concentration can be toughened domain I μ m2 each at least about two toughened domain, I μ m2 each at least about 3 toughened domain, each I μ m2 toughened domain of at least about 4, or at least I μ m2 each about five toughening domain. The Toughening domain concentration may be not more than about I μ m2 per 10 toughening domain. The domain toughening any concentration may be between the minimum concentration and the maximum concentration value above and including the end values within the range. [0032] For example, The matrix material may include a toughening I μ m2l each domain and each I μ between the m210 a toughening toughening field concentration domain and includes end values. In addition, the toughened domain concentration may be increased every I μ m2l months in and inclusive tough field with each I μ between a toughened m25 domain. [0033] The matrix material may include information on the total weight of the matrix material in terms of at least about 0.5wt% of a block copolymer. Further, the matrix material may include information on the total weight of the matrix material in terms of at least about 1% of a block copolymer, a block copolymer of about 2wt%, at least about 3wt% of a block copolymer, at least about 4wt% of a block copolymer, or at least 5wt% of the block copolymer. 而且,该基体材料可以包括关于该基体材料的总重量而言不大于约10被%的嵌段共聚物。 Furthermore, the substrate material may include information on the total weight of the base material is no greater than about 10% of the block copolymer. 该嵌段共聚物的量值可以是在上述任何最小wt%量值与最大wt%量值之间并且包括端值的范围内。 The magnitude of the block copolymer may be between any of the above minimum value wt% wt% of the maximum value within the range of and including the end values. [0034] 例如,该基体材料可以包括在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约10wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值。 [0034] For example, the matrix material may comprise between about 0.5wt% and about a block copolymer of a block copolymer and 10wt% inclusive. 该基体材料可以包括在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约8wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值,或在约0.5wt%的嵌段共聚物与约5wt%的嵌段共聚物之间并且包括端值。 The matrix material may comprise between about 0.5wt% of a block copolymer and about 8wt% of the block copolymer and inclusive, or from about 0.5wt% of a block copolymer and about 5wt% of a block copolymer between and inclusive thereof. [0035] 该嵌段共聚物可以包括小于约1.4的多分散性指数。 [0035] The block copolymer may include less than about 1.4 polydispersity index. 此外,该多分散性指数可以是小于约1.3或1.2。 Moreover, the polydispersity index may be less than about 1.3, or 1.2. 然而,该多分散性指数可以是大于约1.1。 However, this may be a polydispersity index greater than about 1.1. 另一方面,该多分散性指数可以是在约1.1与约1.4之间并且包括端值。 On the other hand, the polydispersity index can be between about 1.1 and about 1.4 and inclusive. 而且,该多分散性指数可以是在约1.1与约1.3之间并且包括端值。 Moreover, the polydispersity index can be between about 1.1 and about 1.3 and inclusive. 当多分散性指数接近I时,该嵌段共聚物内每个链的长度将基本上是相同的。 When the polydispersity index close to I, the length of each of the block copolymer chains will be substantially the same. [0036] 另一方面,图4中展示的使用基体材料构建的研磨工具可以包括至少约6800RPM的破裂速度。 [0036] On the other hand, grinding tool shown in FIG. 4 constructed using the matrix material may include rupture velocity of at least about 6800RPM. 而且,这样的研磨工具可以包括至少约6850RPM、至少约6900RPM、至少约6950RPM、至少约7000RPM、或至少约7050RPM的破裂速度。 Moreover, such an abrasive tool may comprise at least about 6850RPM, at least about 6900RPM, at least about 6950RPM, at least about 7000RPM, or at least about 7050RPM rupture speed. 在一个具体方面,该破裂速度可以不大于约7100RPM。 In a specific aspect, the burst speed of not more than about 7100RPM. [0037] 在又另一个方面,该嵌段共聚物可以包括至少约3000g/mol的摩尔质量。 [0037] In yet another aspect, the block copolymer may comprise at least about 3000g / mol molar mass. 具体地说,该摩尔质量可以是至少约3100g/mol、至少约3200g/mol、至少约3300g/mol、至少约3400g/mol、或至少约3500g/mol。 In particular, the molar mass may be at least about 3100g / mol, at least about 3200g / mol, at least about 3300g / mol, at least about 3400g / mol, or at least about 3500g / mol. 另一方面,该摩尔质量可以是至少约10000g/mol、至少约15000g/mol、至少约20000g/mol、至少约25000g/mol、至少约30000g/mol、至少约35000g/mol、至少约40000g/mol、至少约45000g/mol、或至少约50000g/mol。 On the other hand, the molar mass can be at least about 10000g / mol, at least about 15000g / mol, at least about 20000g / mol, at least about 25000g / mol, at least about 30000g / mol, at least about 35000g / mol, at least about 40000g / mol , at least about 45000g / mol, or at least about 50000g / mol. [0038] 在使用结合了这些增韧域到其中的研磨轮的过程中,这些增韧域可以作为减震器起作用。 [0038] In the combination of these fields to the toughening process wherein the grinding wheel, these toughening domains can act as a shock absorber. 换言之,在使用结合了这些增韧域在其中的研磨轮的过程中,这些增韧域可以吸收能量。 In other words, the combination of these fields in which the toughening process grinding wheel, these domains can absorb energy toughening. 减振或能量吸收可以归因于这些增韧域与粘合剂之间硬度上的差异。 Vibration or energy absorption can be attributed to the difference in hardness between the domain and the toughened adhesive. [0039] 转到制造该粘结的研磨工具的方法,一种粘合剂粉末、一种两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末、以及一种磨料颗粒形成了一种共混的粉末。 [0039] To manufacture the bonded abrasive tool method, a binder powder An amphiphilic block copolymer powder, and an abrasive particles form a blended powder. 该粘合剂粉末可以包括一种固体酚醛树脂或一种固体环氧树脂。 The adhesive powder may comprise a solid phenol resin or a solid epoxy resin. 该两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末可以包括一种固体两亲性嵌段共聚物。 The amphiphilic block copolymer powder may comprise a solid amphiphilic block copolymers. 该固体两亲性嵌段共聚物可以包括一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段以及一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段。 The solid amphiphilic block copolymers may comprise an adhesive miscible block and an adhesive immiscible block. 在一个实施例中,该共混的粉末可以包括从约15wt%至约50wt%的粘合剂,从约lwt%至约15wt%的两亲性嵌段共聚物,以及从约50wt%至约80wt%的磨料颗粒。 In one embodiment, the blend of the powder may comprise from about 15wt% to about 50wt% binder, from about lwt% to about 15wt% of the amphiphilic block copolymer, and from about 50wt% to about 80wt% of abrasive particles. [0040] 该共混的粉末可以成形为一种粘结的磨料的形式。 [0040] The blended powder may be shaped in the form of a bonded abrasive. 在一个实施例中,可以用该共混的粉末来填充一个模具空腔,并且可以在该模具内压缩该共混的粉末。 In one embodiment, the blended powders may be used to fill a mold cavity, and the blended powder may be compressed within the mold. 例如,可以通过冷压来压缩该共混的粉末,或可以在压制的过程中将热量添加到该粉末上,例如通过热压。 Process heat in, for example, you can compress the blended powder through cold, or it may be added to the pressed powder, for example by hot pressing. [0041] 在成形之后,可以将该基体材料成形的粉末固化从而形成一种研磨工具。 [0041] After forming, the powder matrix material can be shaped so as to form a cured abrasive tool. 例如,可以通过将该共混的粉末加热到一个固化温度,例如至少约200° C,来将该基体材料固化。 For example, by heating the powder to a blend of curing temperature, e.g., at least about 200 ° C, to cure the matrix material. 在一个实施例中,在保持在该模具空腔内时,可以将该基体材料基本上固化。 In one embodiment, the holding time in the mold cavity, the matrix material can be substantially cured. 在另一个实施例中,可以将该基体材料部分地固化到足以维持该研磨工具的形状的一个点(当从该空腔中移出时)。 In another embodiment, the material is partially cured to the substrate may be a point sufficient to maintain the shape of the grinding tool (when removed from the cavity). 该研磨工具可以经受另外的固化以在从该模具空腔中移出之后基本上固化该基体材料。 The abrasive tool may be subjected to additional curing after removal from the mold cavity substantially curing the matrix material. [0042] 在此所述的研磨工具可以具有使该研磨工具适合于改进的研磨和/或切削应用的某些特征。 [0042] The grinding tool described herein may have so that the grinding tool suitable for improved grinding and / or certain features cutting applications. 值得注意地,该粘结的研磨工具的断裂韧性得以改进。 Notably, the fracture toughness of the bonded abrasive tool is improved. 例如,可以通过测量引起该研磨工具中形成开裂所需要的力(指定SG1C),或通过测量特定的除去力(specificwork off force) (SpffOF)(它相应于将一个部件折断离开该粘结的研磨工具所需要的力)来确定断裂韧性。 For example, the force required to crack the abrasive tool is formed by measuring the induced (designated SG1C), or by measuring the specific grinding force is removed (specificwork off force) (SpffOF) (which corresponds to a breaking away from the bonding member The force required tools) to determine the fracture toughness. 与常规的磨料物品相比较,在此的实施例的磨料物品证明了改进的百分比增加的G1C以及百分比增加的SpWOF。 Compared with a conventional abrasive article, the abrasive article of this embodiment demonstrate improved and increased the percentage increase in the percentage of G1C SpWOF. 值得注意地,为了比较的目的,这些常规的磨料物品包括相同设计的磨料,具有包括树脂而不添加两亲性嵌段共聚物的基体材料。 Notably, for comparison purposes, these conventional abrasive article comprising abrasive same design, comprising a resin having a substrate without addition of an amphiphilic block copolymer. 根据经验性证据,该研磨工具可以具有超过一种类似的无两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具至少约20%的百分比增加的匕(:。该百分比增加是基于公式((Gn-Gc)/Gc X 100%),其中Gn表示包括该两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的G1C,并且G。表示无该两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的G1C15在其他实施例中,该百分比增加G1C可以是至少约30%,例如至少约40%,例如至少约50%,甚至至少约60%。在一个实施例中,该百分比增加G1C可以是不大于约500%。[0043] 另外地,经验性证据还证明该研磨工具可以具有超过类似的无两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具至少约10%的百分比增加的SpWOF。另外,百分比增加SpWOF可以是至少约15%,例如至少约20%。该百分比增加是基于公式((SN-S。)/S。X 100%),其中Sn表示具有该两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的SpWOF,并且S。表示无该两亲性嵌段共聚物的研磨工具的SpWOF。在其他实施例中,该百分比增加SpWOF可以是不大于约500%。[0044] 液体两亲性嵌段共聚物,例如在美国公开物2009/0082486A1中所述的,被用于对用于多种应用中(例如层压)的环氧树脂进行增韧。这些应用依赖于包括聚(氧化乙烯)(PEO)和聚(氧化丁烯)(PBO)的一种两亲性嵌段共聚物。然而,使用液体树脂体系会引起产生粘结的磨料物品的问题,例如这些磨料颗粒在该液体中部分沉降。这可能导致磨料颗粒的不均匀分布以及不均匀的研磨性能。使用固体两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末为形成粘结的磨料物品提供了特别的优点。[0045] 另外,在某些实施例中,可以用于增加研磨轮应用中所使用的粘合剂的强度、或韧性的嵌段共聚物量值可以是这样一个小的量值,当与该粘合剂材料比较时,当将这样一种聚合物的液体形式与一种粘合剂粉末混合时,这个量值往往是极其难以得到基本上均匀分散的。然而,将这样一种嵌段共聚物的粉末形式进行混合可以允许在从该嵌段共聚物/粘合剂粉末混合物形成磨料物品之前将该嵌段共聚物均匀分散到该粘合剂粉末中。[0046] 实魁[0047] 形成了数种类型的磨料物品并且进行测试以将某些性能参数(包括临界能释放率(GlC)以及特定的除去力(SpWOF))进行比较。GlC是引起测试磨料物品开裂所需要的力的一个测量值,并且SpWOF是引起该测试磨料物品的一部分折断所需要的力一个测量值。[0048] 对比实例I是通过将一种酚醛树脂粉末压制到一个模具中并且将它加热到200° C的温度持续I小时而制备的一种基于酚醛树脂的配制品。 According to empirical evidence, the abrasive tool with more than a similar non-amphiphilic block copolymers grinding tools at least about 20% of the percentage increase in the dagger (: The percentage increase is based on the formula ((Gn-Gc) / Gc X 100%), which includes G1C Gn represents the amphiphilic block copolymers grinding tools, grinding tools and G. This represents a non-amphiphilic block copolymers G1C15 In other embodiments, the Increased percentage G1C may be at least about 30%, such as at least about 40%, such as at least about 50%, or even at least about 60%. In one embodiment, this percentage may be increased G1C not greater than about 500%. [0043] Further , the empirical evidence also proves that the grinding tool can have more than a similar non-amphiphilic block copolymers grinding tools at least about 10% of the percentage increase in SpWOF. In addition, the percentage increase SpWOF may be at least about 15%, such as at least about 20% of the percentage increase is based on the formula ((SN-S.) / S.X 100%), which represents an abrasive tool Sn the amphiphilic block copolymers SpWOF, and S. This means no two SpWOF amphiphilic block copolymers of grinding tools. In other embodiments, the percentage increase SpWOF may be no greater than about 500%. [0044] Liquid amphiphilic block copolymers, for example, in US publications 2009 / 0082486A1 described, is used for a variety of applications (eg lamination) toughened epoxy resin. These applications rely on include poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly (butylene oxide) (PBO ) An amphiphilic block copolymer. However, the use of a liquid resin systems can cause problems to produce bonded abrasive article, e.g., the abrasive particles in the liquid portion of the settlement. This may lead to non-uniform distribution of abrasive particles and uneven grinding performance. solid amphiphilic block copolymer powder to form a bonded abrasive article provides particular advantages. [0045] Additionally, in certain embodiments, can be used to increase the application of the grinding wheel the magnitude of the block copolymer used in the adhesive strength, or toughness can be such a small magnitude when compared with the adhesive material, when in liquid form to a polymer with a stick When the mixture powder is mixed, the magnitude is often extremely difficult to obtain a substantially uniform dispersion. However, such a powder form of the block copolymer may allow the mixing of the block copolymer / binder powder mixture The abrasive article prior to forming the block copolymer dispersed uniformly in the binder powder. [0046] Real Qui [0047] Several types of forming an abrasive article to be tested, and certain performance parameters (including the critical energy release Rate (GlC) and removing the specific force (SpWOF)) is compared a measure .GlC abrasive article causes cracking of the test the force required, and SpWOF broken part of the test is the cause of the abrasive article the force required measured value . [0048] Comparative Example I is prepared by one of a phenol resin powder pressed into a mold and heating it to a temperature of 200 ° C for I hour and continued for preparing phenolic resin-based formulations. [0049] 如对比实例I通过添加一种两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末而制备了样品I。 [0049] The comparative example I by addition of an amphiphilic block copolymer powder to prepare a sample I. 将该酚醛树脂和该两亲性嵌段共聚物以90wt%树脂对10wt%共聚物的比率进行共混从而形成一种基本上均匀的粉末共混物。 The phenolic resin and the amphiphilic block copolymer 90wt% to 10wt% ratio of the copolymer resin was blended to form a substantially homogeneous powder blend. 将该粉末共混物压制到一个模具中并且加热到200° C的温度持续I小时。 The powder blend was pressed into a mold and heated to a temperature of 200 ° C for I hour duration. 在表I显示了GlC和SpWOF测试的结果。 Table I shows the results GlC and SpWOF testing. [0050]表 I[0051] [0050] Table I [0051]

Figure CN103313824AD00121

[0052] 对比实例2是通过将一种酚醛树脂粉末压制到一个模具中并且将它加热到200° C的温度持续I小时而制备的一种基于酚醛树脂的配制品。 [0052] Comparative Example 2 is formed by one of a phenolic resin powder is pressed into a mold and heating it to a temperature to 200 ° C continuous hours I prepared with products based on phenolic resins. [0053] 如对比实例2通过添加一种两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末制备了样品2。 [0053] As Comparative Example 2 by addition of an amphiphilic block copolymer powder sample 2 was prepared. 将该酚醛树脂和该两亲性嵌段共聚物以90wt%树脂对10被%共聚物的比率进行共混从而形成一种基本上均匀的粉末共混物。 The phenolic resin and the amphiphilic block copolymers 90wt% resin ratio of 10% of the copolymer to be blended to form a substantially homogeneous powder blend. 将该粉末共混物压制到一个模具中并且加热到200° C的温度持续I小时。 The powder blend was pressed into a mold and heated to a temperature of 200 ° C for I hour duration. 在表2显示了G1C和SpWOF测试的结果。 Table 2 shows the results G1C and SpWOF testing. [0054]表 2[0055] [0054] Table 2 [0055]

Figure CN103313824AD00122

[0056] 对比实例3是通过将一种酚醛树脂粉末压制到一个模具中并且将它加热到200° C的温度持续I小时而制备的一种基于酚醛树脂的配制品。 [0056] Comparative Example 3 is formed by one of a phenol resin powder pressed into a mold and heating it to a temperature of 200 ° C for I hour sustained prepared based on phenolic resin formulation. [0057] 如对比实例2通过添加一种两亲性嵌段共聚物粉末制备了样品3。 [0057] As Comparative Example 2 by adding an amphiphilic block copolymer powder prepared sample 3. 将该酚醛树脂和该两亲性嵌段共聚物以90wt%树脂对10被%共聚物的比率进行共混从而形成一种基本上均匀的粉末共混物。 The phenolic resin and the amphiphilic block copolymers 90wt% resin ratio of 10% of the copolymer to be blended to form a substantially homogeneous powder blend. 将该粉末共混物压制到一个模具中并且加热到200° C的温度持续I小时。 The powder blend was pressed into a mold and heated to a temperature of 200 ° C for I hour duration. 在表3显示了G1C和SpWOF测试的结果。 Table 3 shows the results G1C and SpWOF testing. [0058] 表3[0059] [0058] Table 3 [0059]

Figure CN103313824AD00123
Figure CN103313824AD00131

[0060] 如通过表I至2中提供的数据可见,将特定的两亲性嵌段共聚物添加到粘结的磨料物品的树脂中可以改进这些粘结的磨料物品的韧性。 [0060] data as provided by Table I-2 shows that add specific to the amphiphilic block copolymer resin bonded abrasive articles can improve the toughness of the bonded abrasive article. 具体地说,使该基体材料开裂所需要的力和使该基体材料断裂所需要的力两者比无该两亲性嵌段共聚物的可比配制品都有所增加。 Specifically, the cracking of the substrate material and the force required to cause the fracture between the base material than the force required no comparable formulation of the amphiphilic block copolymer has increased. [0061] 在另一个实例中,使用下面表4中详述的配方制备了一种标准的磨料物品。 [0061] In another example, using the recipe detailed in Table 4 below were prepared by a standard abrasive article. 表5列出了表4中提及的标准粘结剂的成分。 Table 5 lists the standard binder Table 4 mentioned components. 还使用与表4中详细说明的相同配方制备了一种嵌段共聚物(BCP)磨料物品。 Also using the same recipe in Table 4, a detailed description of the preparation of the block copolymer (BCP) abrasive article. 然而,该BCP磨料物品包括如在此所述将一种嵌段共聚物添加到该标准粘结剂材料中。 However, the BCP abrasive article as described herein comprises a block copolymer to be added to the standard binder material. 该嵌段共聚物包括一种粘合剂不互混的嵌段以及一种粘合剂易混合的嵌段。 The block copolymer comprises an adhesive without cross block and a binder mix of miscible block. 另外,该嵌段共聚物包括一种PMMA嵌段共聚物。 Further, the block copolymer comprises a block copolymer of PMMA. 具体地说,该嵌段共聚物包括聚苯乙烯-b-聚丁二烯-b-间同立构的聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯。 Specifically, the block copolymer comprises between -b- polystyrene-polybutadiene -b- syndiotactic polymethyl methacrylate. [0062] 具体地说,将该嵌段共聚物与该标准粘结剂以1:99 (嵌段共聚物对标准粘结剂)的比率进行共混。 [0062] Specifically, the block copolymer with the standard binder to 1:99 (standard block copolymer binder) ratio blending. 此外,该嵌段共聚物是处于一种固态、粉末的形式以有助于彻底混合和基本上均匀分散,如在此说明的。 In addition, the block copolymer is in a solid state, in the form of a powder to facilitate thorough mixing and substantially uniformly dispersed as described herein. 通过对完成的BCP磨料物品拍摄不同的显微照片并且确定由该嵌段共聚物的不互混部分而形成的增韧域的相关分散性来确定分散性。 By BCP abrasive article filmed different photomicrographs and identify relevant dispersion toughened domain by immiscible portion of the block copolymer formed to determine the dispersion. [0063] 表4研磨轮配方 [0063] Table 4 grinding wheel formula

Figure CN103313824AD00132

[0065] 表5标准粘结剂[0066] [0065] Table 5 Standard Binder [0066]

Figure CN103313824AD00133

[0067] 一旦将用于各个轮的混合物进行共混,就将该粉末共混物压制到一个模具中并且加热到200° C的温度持续I小时。 [0067] Once the mixture for each round of the blending, pressing on the powder blend into a mold and heated to a temperature to 200 ° C continuous I hour. 在制造这些磨料物品之后,将每个磨料物品放在一个破裂测试装置中。 After making these abrasive article, the abrasive article in a rupture of each test device. 将每个磨料物品自由地自旋或旋转直至每个轮发生灾难性失效,即,直到它破裂。 Each abrasive article is free to spin or rotate until each round of a catastrophic failure, that is, until it burst. 将该磨料物品发生失效的速度记录下来作为破裂速度。 The abrasive article failed by the speed recorded as rupture velocity. [0068] 图5显示了破裂测试的结果,为一个简单的柱状图。 [0068] Figure 5 shows the results of fracture tests, as a simple histogram. 标准磨料物品提供了约6800RPM的破裂速度。 Standard abrasive article provides a speed of about 6800RPM rupture. 用嵌段共聚物构建的BCP磨料物品(如在此说明的)提供了约7100RPM的破裂速度。 Built with block copolymers BCP abrasive article (as herein described) provides rupture velocity of about 7100RPM. 因此,用该嵌段共聚物构建的BCP磨料物品提供了一种破裂速度,该破裂速度比如通过式:[BSbcp-BSst]/BSst X 100%给出的标准磨料物品的破裂速度高出约4.4%,,其中BSbcp是BCP磨料物品的破裂速度并且BSst是标准磨料物品的破裂速度。 Thus, the block copolymer BCP constructed abrasive article provides a burst rate, for example, by the rupture rate formula: [BSbcp-BSst] / BSst X 100% rupture rate criteria given above about 4.4 abrasive article % ,, which is the rupture velocity BSbcp BCP abrasive article and BSst rupture speed standard abrasive article. .[0069] 以上披露的主题应当被认为是说明性的、而非限制性的,并且所附权利要求是旨在涵盖落在本发明的真正范围内的所有此类变更、增强以及其他实施例。 . [0069] relating to the above disclosure should be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the appended claims are intended to cover falling within the true scope of the present invention all such modifications, enhancements, and other embodiments . 因此,在法律所允许的最大程度上,本发明的范围应由对以下权利要求和它们的等效物可容许的最宽解释来确定,并且不应受以上的详细的说明的约束或限制。 Accordingly, to the maximum extent permitted by law, the scope of the invention should be on the broadest interpretation of the following claims and their equivalents may be allowed to determine, and should not be subject to more detailed description of constraints or limitations. [0070] 披露的摘要是遵循专利权法而提供的,并且按以下理解而提交,S卩,它将不被用于解释或者限制权利要求的范围或含义。 Summary Disclosure [0070] is to follow the Patents Act provided, and submit the following understanding, S Jie, it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. 另外,在以上附图的详细说明中,为了使披露精简而可能将不同的特征集合在一起或者在一个单独的实施例中描述。 Further, in the above description of the drawings in detail, in order to streamline the disclosure and the various features may be grouped together or described in a single embodiment embodiment. 本披露不得被解释为反映了一种意图,即,提出要求的实施例要求的特征多于在每一项权利要求中清楚引述的特征。 This disclosure shall not be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the proposed feature embodiment requires more than the requirements in each of claims clearly cited characteristics. 相反,如以下的权利要求所反映,发明主题可以是针对少于任何披露的实施例的全部特征。 Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive subject matter may be less than for any disclosure of all features of the embodiments. 因此,以下的权利要求被结合在附图的详细说明之中,而每一项权利要求自身独立地限定了分别提出权利要求的主题。 Therefore, the combination of the detailed description of the drawings into the following claims, and claims itself each independently define the themes raised claims.

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Classifications
Classification internationaleB24D3/02, C09C1/68, C09K3/14, B24D3/20
Classification coopérativeB24D3/34, C09K3/1409, B24D3/28
Événements juridiques
DateCodeÉvénementDescription
18 sept. 2013C06Publication
23 oct. 2013C10Entry into substantive examination
2 mars 2016C02Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)