|Numéro de publication||CN104682038 A|
|Type de publication||Demande|
|Numéro de demande||CN 201510067741|
|Date de publication||3 juin 2015|
|Date de dépôt||9 févr. 2015|
|Date de priorité||9 févr. 2015|
|Autre référence de publication||CN104682038B|
|Numéro de publication||201510067741.6, CN 104682038 A, CN 104682038A, CN 201510067741, CN-A-104682038, CN104682038 A, CN104682038A, CN201510067741, CN201510067741.6|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (4), Référencé par (1), Classifications (2), Événements juridiques (3)|
|Liens externes: SIPO, Espacenet|
技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD
[0001 ] 本发明涉及电缆连接器领域，具体涉及大电流电缆连接器接触件。  The present invention relates to the field of cable connectors and more particularly to high-current cable connector contact.
 电缆连接器主要通过其内部的接触件实现电路的连通，一般在一边的连接器连接端面设有插孔，另一边的连接器的连接端面设有插针，两边连接器在对接时实现插针和插孔的插合，插合到位后再通过两边连接器外套上设置的互锁装置将两边连接器锁紧连接，在连接器锁紧状态时，通过互锁装置对插针和插孔的插接结构施加锁紧力，以保证插针和插孔一直处于紧密插合的状态，从而确保电流的稳定传输。 When the , mainly through communication cable connector contacts to achieve its internal circuit, usually on one side of the connector end face has a jack to connect the end face on the other side of the connector pins are provided on both sides of the connector in the dock achieve pin and jack mating, mating interlock device in place on both sides and then set up by the sides of the connector housing connector lock connector, the connector in the locked state, by means of pins and interlock jack plug structure locking force is applied to ensure that the pins and jacks have been in close mating of the state to ensure stable transmission current. 为了保证插拔方便以及插合后的接触紧密，现有技术中，一般将插孔设计为弹性件，目前插孔结构主要有三种形式，一是片式结构插孔，其结构简单，也是最常用的结构，通常片式插孔有I到2个接触片，插座和插头相配时产生2到4个接触点；二是片簧结构插孔，片簧式插孔内安放有I到2个片簧圈，每个片簧圈由多个弹簧片组成，所有弹簧片都向里拱，组成具有弹性的弹簧圈，当插孔和插针相配时，每个弹簧片都和插针接触并且产生挤压力，保证多点稳定接触；三是线簧结构插孔，线簧插孔的结构和片簧插孔的结构相似，只是线簧插孔是由弹簧线组成，所有弹簧线都向里拱成一个弹簧圈，当插孔和插针相配时，每根弹簧线都和插针接触并产生挤压力，其接触点多于片簧结构插孔而且更加稳定，插拔力更小。 In order to ensure convenient and mating plug contacts after the close, the prior art, generally designed to be resilient member Jack, jack structure currently there are three main forms, one-piece construction jack, simple structure, is the most common structure, usually slice jack has produced 2-4 points of contact when I contact pieces 2, sockets and plugs match; the second is the structure of the leaf spring jack, jack placed inside the leaf spring have I to 2 sheet coils, each sheet by a plurality of coils spring piece, all of the spring plate are inwardly arch, composed of an elastic spring ring, when jack and pin match, each spring plate and pins are in contact with and generating squeeze pressure to ensure more stable contact point; three line jack spring structure, similar to the wire spring jack socket structure and the structure of the leaf spring, just wire spring jack is spring line, all of the spring lines are to in arch into a coil, when jack and pin match, each spring lines and pin contact and produce compressive force, the contact point more than a leaf spring structure and more stable jack, and plug the smaller force . 因此，目前大电流电缆连接器的接触件一般都会选择线簧式插孔结构，但是线簧式插孔虽然性能优良，但是工艺复杂，容易损坏，成本也较高。 Therefore, the current high-current cable connector contacts usually choose wire spring jack structure, but wire spring jack although excellent performance, but complex process, easily damaged, and higher cost. 随着电动汽车等行业的发展，大电流接触件的需求也在急剧增加，为了降低成本，设计一种结构、工艺简单的接触件成为一种迫切需要。 With the development of electric vehicles and other industries, the demand for high-current contacts are also a sharp increase in order to reduce costs, the design of a structure, process simple contact become a pressing need.
发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 本发明所要解决的技术问题是克服现有技术中大电流电缆连接器的接触件的成本过高，结构工艺复杂的缺点，提供一种新型结构的大电流电缆连接器接触件。  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the high cost of the art high current cable connector contacts, complex process of structural disadvantages and to provide a new structure of the high-current cable connector contacts.
 为解决上述技术问题，本发明的技术解决方案是:  In order to solve the above problems, the technical solutions of the present invention are:
一种新型的大电流电缆连接器接触件插接结构，所述接触件包括插针和插孔；其特征在于:所述插针后端设有外套，所述插针用于与插孔插合的前端设有内套以及设置在内套最外层的波浪形薄壁弹性套；所述内套的尾部套接在所述外套的前端台阶内孔中，内套尾部上还套有弹簧，所述弹簧安装在内套尾部上所设台阶面与外套内孔中所设台阶面之间，所述内套可以在外套的内孔之间进行轴向移动，内套尾端设有防止其从外套中脱出的限位结构；当插针插合到插孔中，插针前端面受力使内套向后移动，所述弹簧压缩，同时波浪形薄壁弹性套发生形变使所述波浪形薄壁弹性套外径变大，直至波浪形薄壁弹性套外表面与插孔内壁紧密接触。 A new high-current cable connector plug contact structure, said contact member comprises a pin and socket; characterized in that: said pin rear end provided with jacket, with a socket for the plug pins front-end closing is provided within the inner sleeve jacket and set the outermost wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve; the inner sleeve tail socket at the front end of the stepped bore in the housing, the inner sleeve tails also set a spring said spring is mounted on the inner sleeve is provided between the rear of the stepped surface of the stepped surface and the jacket bore in the set, the inner sleeve can be moved axially between the inner opening of the casing, the inner sleeve is provided to prevent the trailing end which emerge from the jacket limit structure; when mated to the jack pin, pin the front surface by the force of the inner sleeve is moved backward, the spring is compressed, while the thin-walled undulating elastic sleeve is deformed so that the wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve outer diameter becomes large, thin-walled elastic sleeve until the wavy outer surface in close contact with the inner wall jack.
 优选方案一，所述波浪形弹性套后端与外套前端固接，所述内套套设在波浪形弹性套内的部分的外壁为波浪形曲面；当插针插合到插孔中，插针的前端面受力使内套向后移动，内套外壁的波浪形曲面将波浪形弹性套向外撑开，直至波浪形薄壁弹性套外表面与插孔内壁紧密接触。  A preferred embodiment of the wave-shaped elastic sleeve secured to the rear end and the front end of the jacket, the condom is located in the outer wall of wavy resilient jacket portion is wavy surface of the inner; when mated to the pin jack , the pins of the front surface by the force of the inner sleeve is moved backward, the outer wall of the inner sleeve of wavy surface will undulating elastic sleeve stretched out until the wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve outer surface of the inner wall in intimate contact with the jack.
 优选方案二，所述波浪形弹性套后端与外套前端固接，所述内套套设在波浪形弹性套内，所述内套的前端与波浪形弹性套的前端固接；当插针插合到插孔中，插针的前端面受力使内套向后移动，波浪形弹性套的前后两端受力，使波浪形弹性套发生形变外径变大，直至波浪形薄壁弹性套外表面与插孔内壁紧密接触。  The second preferred embodiment, the wave-shaped elastic sleeve secured to the rear end and the front end of the jacket, the inner condom located in an undulating elastic sleeve, the front end of the inner sleeve of the front and wave-shaped elastic sleeve fixedly connected; when pin mating to the jack, pin the front end surface of the inner sleeve force moved backward, front and rear ends of the wave-shaped elastic sleeve by force, so that the wave-shaped elastic sleeve deforms the outer diameter becomes larger, until thin wavy elastic sleeve outer wall surface in close contact with the inner wall jack.
 优选的，所述内套尾端设有的防脱出的限位结构为与内套尾端紧配合的垫片，所述垫片与外套内部的台阶孔相配合，用于限位防止内套从外套中滑出。  Preferably, the inner sleeve has a trailing end of the anti-extrusion limit structure and the inner sleeve end of the tight fit of the gasket, the gasket inside the stepped bore and the jacket fit for the limit prevented from slipping out of the inner sleeve jacket.
 优选的，外套的外壁设有台阶面，所述台阶面与插孔的前端面相配合，用于限定插针插入插孔的深度。  Preferably, the jacket has a stepped outer surface, the front surface of the stepped surface and the mating receptacle for defining the depth of the pin into the jack.
 本发明可带来以下有益效果:  The present invention provides the following beneficial effects:
本发明突破传统思维，带来一种全新的电流电缆连接器接触件，巧妙地将弹性件设置在插针上，有效地解决了大电流接触件之间多接触点的要求，而且插孔与插针接触稳定可靠，插拔力较小，且不易损坏，加工工艺简单，有效节省了成本。 The present invention is to break the traditional thinking, bringing a new current cable connector contact, skillfully elastic member is provided on the pins, more effective solution to the requirements of the contact point between the high-current contacts, and jack pin contact is stable and reliable, small insertion force, and not easily damaged, simple processing technology, effective cost savings.
附图说明 Brief Description
图1:本发明优选实施例一的外套与波浪形弹性套一体结构示意图图2:本发明优选实施例一的内套结构示意图  Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the inner sleeve of a preferred embodiment of the present invention: Example of a wavy coat and elastic sleeve integrated structure Figure 2 a preferred embodiment of the present invention,
图3:本发明优选实施例一的插针插孔未插紧状态示意图图4:本发明优选实施例一的插针插孔插合到位状态示意图图5:本发明优选实施例二的波浪形弹性套示意图图6:本发明优选实施例二的内套结构示意图图7:本发明优选实施例二的外套结构示意图图8:本发明优选实施例二的插针插孔未插紧状态示意图图9:本发明优选实施例二的插针插孔插合到位状态示意图。 Figure 3: a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a pin jack is not seated state schematic Figure 4: Example of the present invention are preferably pin jack plug into place a schematic diagram of a fifth embodiment of state: Example undulating two preferred embodiment of the present invention, elastic sleeve schematic Figure 6: a preferred embodiment of the invention the second jacket structure diagram Figure 8:: EXAMPLE II pin jack is not seated state a schematic view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a schematic diagram of the inner structure of two sets of 7 preferred embodiment of the present invention, 9: Pin Example Two of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, state schematic jack plug into place.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 下面结合附图和实施例一对本发明作进一步详细说明。  Example below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and one pair of the present invention will be further described in detail.
 本发明的优选实施例一，结合参见图1、图2、图3、图4。  The preferred embodiment of the present invention, a combined reference to Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4. 其工作原理如下:插针主要由与波浪形薄壁弹性套一体化结构的外套1、内套2、弹簧3、垫片4组成。 It works as follows: Pin primarily made of wavy integrated structure of the thin-walled elastic sleeve jacket 1, the inner sleeve 2, spring 3, washer 4 components. 波浪形薄壁弹性套为用弹性金属材料制作的薄壁套，其外表面11、内表面12均为波浪形曲面结构。 Wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve is made of an elastic thin-walled metal materials jacket, the outer surface 11, 12 are wave-shaped curved inner surface of the structure. 在本实施例中该种波浪形薄壁弹性套与外套I为一体化结构，设置在外套I前端。 In this embodiment, the kind of wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve and the jacket I was integrated structure, provided at the front end of the jacket I. 内套2前部套设在波浪形薄壁弹性套内部，尾部套设在外套I的后端台阶内孔中。 2 sets of front inner sleeve disposed within the thin-walled elastic sleeve wavy tail sleeved jacket in the rear end of the hole I stepped in. 内套2的头部设有一台阶面21，内套2前部的外壁为与波浪形薄壁弹性套内壁的波浪形曲面结构形状一致的曲面结构22。 Inner sleeve head 2 is provided with a stepped surface 21, the outer wall of the inner sleeve 2 front portion is wavy wavy surface structure and the inner wall of the thin-walled elastic sleeve conform to the shape of the surface structure 22. 内套2尾部还套设有弹簧3，弹簧3设置在内套2尾部上所设台阶面23与外套I内孔中所设台阶面13之间。 2 sets of rear inner sleeve also has a spring 3 spring 3 is provided on the rear of the inner sleeve 2 is provided with a jacket I stepped surface 23 of the inner bore 13 is provided between the stepped surface. 垫片4与所述内套2的尾端24形成紧配合，并与外套内部的台阶孔14配合限定内套2和外套I的位置，防止内套2从外套I中滑出。 4 sets of pads and the rear end of 24 2 a tight fit, and with the interior of the casing 14 with the stepped hole defined within the sleeve 2 and the jacket I position, preventing the inner sleeve 2 from slipping out of the jacket I below.
 如图3、图4所示出的插合过程。 Illustrated mating process  Figs. 3 and 4. 当插针刚插入插孔10中尚未插紧时(参见图3)，内套2在弹簧3弹力的作用下，处于拉伸状态，其外壁的波浪形曲面结构与波浪形薄壁弹性套内壁的波浪形曲面结构贴合，这时波浪形薄壁弹性套还没有发生形变，可以轻松地插合到插孔10中，当插合到一定深度，插孔10底面顶在插针前端，插针的前端面受力使内套2向后移动并带动波浪形薄壁弹性套逐步发生形变向外撑开，直到插孔10前端面顶在外套I的外台阶面上，这时处于插针插孔插合到位状态(参见图4)，内套2的波浪形曲面22的波峰与波浪形弹性套的内壁12的波峰重合，从而将波浪形薄壁弹性套向外撑开至最大，使波浪形薄壁弹性套外表面与插孔10内壁紧密接触。 When the pin into the jack just has not been seated 10 (see Fig. 3), the inner sleeve 2 under the action of the elastic force of the spring 3, in tension, wave-shaped curved structure of its outer wall and an inner wall wavy thin-walled elastic sleeve wavy surface structure fitting, then wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve deformation occurred yet, you can easily mated to the jack 10, when mated to a certain depth, the hole 10 in the bottom surface of the top of the pin front insert the front end surface of the needle by the inner sleeve 2 is moved rearward force and promote the gradual wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve is deformed outward distraction, jack 10 until the front end of the top surface of the coat I stepped outside, then in pin jack plug into place state (see Fig. 4), the inner wall of the inner sleeve 12 coincides with the peak of the wavy surface 2 peaks and undulating elastic sleeve 22, thereby wavy thin-walled elastic sleeve stretched out to the maximum, so that wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 10 in close contact with the outer surface of the inner wall jack.
 下面结合附图和实施例二对本发明作进一步详细说明。  Example below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and two pairs of the present invention will be described in further detail.
 本发明的优选实施例二，结合参见图5、图6、图7、图8、图9。  Preferably the second embodiment of the present invention, in conjunction Referring to Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 7, Figure 8, Figure 9. 其工作原理如下:插针主要由波浪形薄壁弹性套5、内套6、弹簧7、垫片8、外套9组成。 It works as follows: Pin mainly by wavy thin-walled elastic sleeve 5, the inner sleeve 6, spring 7, gaskets 8, 9 coat composition. 波浪形薄壁弹性套5为用弹性金属材料制作的内表面51、外表面52均为波浪形曲面的薄壁套，波浪形薄壁弹性套5前后端都设有凸缘53，外套9头部外壁设有一槽71，波浪形弹性套5后端凸缘固定在槽71中，内套6头部设有一槽62，波浪形弹性套5前端凸缘固定在槽62中。 Wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 with the inner surface of the elastic metal material 51, the outer surface 52 are thin-walled sleeve wavy surfaces, wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 has a flange 53 and rear end, jackets 9 the outer wall is provided with a groove 71, wave-shaped elastomeric sleeve flange 5 fixed to the rear end of the groove 71, the inner sleeve 6 is provided with a groove 62 a head, wave-shaped elastic sleeve 5 is fixed to the front flange of the groove 62. 内套6前部套设在波浪形薄壁弹性套5内部，尾部套设在外套9的台阶内孔中。 The inner sleeve 6 located in front of the wave-shaped thin-walled sleeve elastic sleeve 5 inside the tail sleeved jacket stepped bore 9. 内套6尾部还套设有弹簧7，弹簧7设置在内套6尾部上所设台阶面61与外套9内孔中所设台阶面72之间。 6 rear inner sleeve 7 also sets a spring, the spring 7 is provided on the inner sleeve 6 set by the tail stepped surface 61 and inner jacket 9 hole 72 is located between the stepped surface. 垫片8与所述内套6的尾端形成紧配合，并与外套9内部的台阶孔73配合限定内套6和外套9的位置，防止内套6从外套9中滑出。 Spacer 8 and the rear end of the inner sleeve 6 is a tight fit, and stepped inside the jacket 9 hole 73 with the outer sleeve 6 and 9 defines an inner position, preventing the inner sleeve 6 from slipping out of the jacket 9.
 如图8、图9所示出的插合过程。 Mating process is illustrated in  FIG. 8 and 9. 当插针刚插入插孔10中尚未插紧时(参见图8)，内套6在弹簧7弹力的作用下，处于拉伸状态，这时波浪形薄壁弹性套5还没有发生形变，可以轻松地插合到插孔10中，当插合到一定深度，插孔10底面顶在插针前端，插针的前端面受力使内套6向后移动并带动波浪形薄壁弹性套5逐步发生形变外径变大，直到插孔10前端面顶在外套9外台阶面上，这时处于插针插孔插合到位状态(参见图9)，这时波浪形薄壁弹性套5外径变至最大，波浪形薄壁弹性套5外表面与插孔10内壁紧密接触。 When the pin into the jack just has not been seated 10 (see Fig. 8), the inner sleeve 6 by the spring 7 elasticity, in a stretched state, then wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 has not deformed, can easily mated to the jack 10, when mated to a certain depth, the hole 10 in the bottom surface of the top of the front pin, pin the front end surface by the inner force of the sleeve 6 move backwards and promote wavy thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 larger outer diameter gradually deformed until hole 10 in the front end of the top surface of the jacket 9 outside stairs, then pin jack plug into place in the state (see Figure 9), then wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 outside change to the maximum diameter, wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve 5 in close contact with the outer surface of the inner wall of the receptacle 10.
 当需要将插针从插孔中拔出时，内套在拉力和弹簧的弹力的共同作用下恢复正常状态，波浪形薄壁弹性套的形变消失，无需太大的插拔力就可以轻松的将插针从插孔中拔出。  When the pin needs to be removed from the jack, the inner sleeve in tension and joint action of the spring will resume the normal state, wave-shaped thin-walled elastic sleeve deformation disappears without much insertion force on pins can easily be removed from the jack.
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