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Numéro de publicationCN202238868 U
Type de publicationOctroi
Numéro de demandeCN 201120375129
Date de publication30 mai 2012
Date de dépôt29 sept. 2011
Date de priorité29 sept. 2011
Numéro de publication201120375129.2, CN 201120375129, CN 202238868 U, CN 202238868U, CN-U-202238868, CN201120375129, CN201120375129.2, CN202238868 U, CN202238868U
Inventeurs刘阳, 卢正良, 卢海威, 张海燕, 李娟 , 李波, 舒淼, 高青松
Déposant湖南现代威保特环保科技有限公司
Exporter la citationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Liens externes:  SIPO, Espacenet
Harmless dewaterer
CN 202238868 U
Résumé
The utility model discloses a harmless dewaterer. The harmless dewaterer comprises a feeding end, a dewaterer body and a discharging end, wherein the feeding end and the discharging end are connected with the dewaterer body in a sealing way; a high-temperature steam inlet and a high-temperature steam outlet are formed on the harmless dewaterer; the dewaterer body is a rotary delivery container; and a material throwing plate and a bag breaking knife are arranged on the inner wall of the dewaterer body. The harmless dewaterer has a simple structure, is convenient to manufacture, saves energy, is environment-friendly, is heated uniformly, is pollution-free and can dewater materials effectively.
Revendications(8)  Langue du texte original : Chinois
1. 一种无害化脱水器,包括进料端、脱水器本体和出料端,所述进料端、出料端分别与所述脱水器本体密封连接,其特征在于:所述无害化脱水器上分别设有高温蒸汽进口和高温蒸汽出口,所述脱水器本体为一旋转式输送容器,所述脱水器本体的内壁上布设有抄料板和破袋刀。 A dewatering harmless, comprising a feed end, and dehydration body discharge end, the feed end, the discharge end of the sealing body are connected dewatering, characterized in that: said sound On of the dehydrator are provided with high-temperature steam inlet and outlet temperature steam, the dehydrated body is a rotary transport container, have laid copy plate and the inner wall of the bag breaking knife dehydrator body.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述抄料板呈长条状,抄料板固接在所述脱水器本体的内壁上,所述破袋刀呈螺旋线形,所述破袋刀的外侧间隔开设有多个卡槽,所述破袋刀通过所述卡槽卡设在所述抄料板上,所述破袋刀的内侧开设有锯齿。 2. harmless dehydrator according to claim 1, wherein upon: was the elongated strip plate copy, copy plate fastened on the inner wall of the dehydrated body, the broken knife bags outer helical, the bags break open a plurality of spaced blade slot, the broken bags knife through the inside of the card slot provided in said copy material panel, the broken bags opened a serrated knife.
3.根据权利要求2所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述抄料板由背面的连接板和正面的耐磨板叠加组成,所述连接板和耐磨板通过紧固件固接。 3. The sound dehydrator according to claim 2, wherein: the plate from the back of the copy material webs and positive superposition of wear plates, wear plates through the connection plates and fasteners fastened.
4.根据权利要求3所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述抄料板的数量为多个,各个抄料板沿所述脱水器本体的轴向延伸,各个抄料板等间距地固接在脱水器本体的内壁上, 所述抄料板弯曲呈一弧形板状。 4. The harmless water trap as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the copy number of a plurality of plate material, plate material along the axial direction of each copy of the dehydrated body extends, each copy plate, etc. spacing firmly attached to the inner wall dehydrator body, the copy plate bent at an arcuate shape.
5.根据权利要求1〜4中任一项所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述进料端、出料端与所述脱水器本体间的密封连接是采用梳齿迷宫式汽封件,所述汽封件的梳齿为高、低间隔布置,所述汽封件的中间设有通向外部导气管的导气槽。 According to any one of claims 1 ~ 4 in the harmless dehydrator, wherein: the feed end, tight connection to the discharge end of said body between the dewatering labyrinth comb use vapor seal, seal the steam comb high, low spaced intermediate the vapor seal is provided to the outside airway gas guide groove.
6.根据权利要求1〜4中任一项所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述高温蒸汽进口设于进料端,所述进料端还设有连接至外部无轴双螺旋输送机的进料溜管。 6. harmless dehydrator according to any one of claims 1 ~ 4, wherein: the high-temperature steam inlets located at the feed end of the feed end also has a connection to an external shaftless double screw conveyor feeding tube slide.
7.根据权利要求1〜4中任一项所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述高温蒸汽出口设于出料端,所述出料端还设有连通至外部无轴单螺旋输送机的双翻板阀。 7. The sound dehydrator according to any one of claims 1 ~ 4, wherein: the high-temperature steam outlet provided at the discharge end, said discharge end is also a communication to the outside shaftless single double flap valve screw conveyor.
8.根据权利要求6所述的无害化脱水器,其特征在于:所述高温蒸汽出汽口设于出料端,所述出料端还设有连通至外部无轴单螺旋输送机的双翻板阀。 8. harmless dehydrator according to claim 6, wherein: the high-temperature steam steam outlet provided at the discharge end, said discharge end is also a communication to a single external shaftless screw conveyor double flap valve.
Description  Langue du texte original : Chinois

无害化脱水器 Harmless dehydrator

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种物料的灭菌、脱水处理装置,尤其涉及一种可适用于城市生活垃圾处理的脱水装置。 [0001] The utility model relates to a material sterilization, dehydration processing device, particularly to a apply to municipal solid waste dehydrator.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 目前国内对城市生活垃圾的处理,主要有填埋法、焚烧法、分类处理法等几种方法。 [0002] At present, the urban garbage treatment, there are several ways to landfill, incineration, classification method. 这些方法存在着投资大、占用土地面积大和二次污染等严重不足,使得我国大多数城市生活垃圾只能采用堆放为主的处理方法,这种简单堆放处理的方法由于其占用土地、易滋生细菌和产生腐败气体等缺陷,正越来越严重地影响我们的生活环境和生活质量。 These methods exist large investment, land area occupied Japan a serious shortage of secondary pollution, so that the majority of our municipal solid waste only use stack-based approach, this simple method of stacking process because of its occupation of land, the growth of bacteria gas and other defects and corruption, is increasingly serious impact on our living environment and quality of life.

[0003] CN1426856A号中国专利文献公开了一种生活垃圾的处理方法,该垃圾处理方法中包括有磁选、湿式消解等工艺步骤;其使用了消解罐对垃圾进行消解,但消解罐内需充入约0. 9MPa的饱和蒸汽,在加热过程中,不易使垃圾体均勻加热,且罐体内是正压,一旦密封不严,会出现蒸汽外漏的情况,罐体通过封罐加热垃圾,间断开罐的运行方式,出料有间断性; 脱水的过程是通过闪蒸的方法,脱水率偏低,且加热时间长。 [0003] CN1426856A number of Chinese patent discloses a method for processing garbage, the garbage disposal methods include magnetic separation, wet digestion and other process steps; the use of a digestion tank for garbage digestion, but digestion tank needs filling about 0. 9MPa of saturated steam in the heating process, not easy to make garbage uniformly heated, and is a positive pressure inside the tank, once Mifengbuyan the case of steam leakage occurs, the tank is heated by sealing garbage, intermittent open tank operation mode, there are intermittent discharge; dehydration process by flashing method, dehydration rate is low, and the heating time is long.

[0004] CN1461678A号中国专利文献则公开了一种城市生活垃圾无害化的处理工艺,该处理工艺中采用灭菌脱水罐和干燥罐结合进行垃圾预处理,达到对垃圾灭菌、脱水的作用,后续可结合堆肥、填埋等进行综合处理。 [0004] CN1461678A number of Chinese patent literature is disclosed a municipal garbage treatment process, the treatment process using sterilized jar and dried dehydrated garbage cans combined pretreatment reach garbage sterilization, dehydration effect follow-up can be combined with compost, landfill and other comprehensive treatment. 在该处理工艺中,灭菌脱水罐通过表面换热来加热垃圾,换热过程以热传导为主,热辐射较弱,总传热系数偏低,且热源不易控制,加热时间长。 In this treatment process, sterilization dewatering tank by surface heat exchanger to heat the waste, the main heat transfer process to heat conduction, heat radiation is weak, low overall heat transfer coefficient and the heat is not easy to control, long heating time. 要提高传热系数,需提高灭菌脱水罐的壁温,而这对设备的运行不利,甚至可能造成罐体弯曲变形,壁温过高,还会使垃圾发生裂变和分解;且该专利文献中还提到罐体内温度控制在100°C,显然通过提高壁温的方法来提高传热系数不可取,因此,垃圾脱水过程还需配套设置干燥罐。 To improve the heat transfer coefficient, the need to improve the dewatering tank wall temperature sterilization, which is detrimental to the equipment running, and may even cause bending deformation of the tank wall temperature is too high, but also the garbage fission and decomposition; and the patent literature also mentioned the tank body temperature is controlled at 100 ° C, apparently by increasing the wall temperature of ways to improve the heat transfer coefficient is not desirable, therefore, the need to complete the dewatering process the garbage cans set up drying.

实用新型内容 Utility Model Content

[0005] 本实用新型要解决的技术问题是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种结构简单、制造方便、节能环保、受热均勻、无污物排放且能有效实现物料脱水的无害化脱水器。 [0005] The technical problem to be solved is the utility model to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and to provide a simple, easy to manufacture, energy saving, heat evenly, no dirt can effectively achieve emissions harmless material dehydration dehydrator .

[0006] 为解决上述技术问题,本实用新型提出的技术方案为一种无害化脱水器,包括进料端、脱水器本体和出料端,所述进料端、出料端分别与所述脱水器本体密封连接,所述无害化脱水器上分别设有高温蒸汽进口和高温蒸汽出口,所述脱水器本体为一旋转式输送容器,所述脱水器本体的内壁上布设有抄料板和破袋刀。 [0006] In order to solve the above problems, the technical aspect of the utility model is a harmless dehydrator, including the feed end, dehydrated body and the discharge end of the feed end to the discharge end, respectively, of the said dehydration body sealing connections, the sound dehydrator are provided with high-temperature steam inlet and outlet temperature steam, the dehydrated body is a rotary transport container, the inner wall of the body is laid dewatering has copied material plates and broken bags knife.

[0007] 上述的无害化脱水器中,所述抄料板优选设置呈长条状(弧形弯制),抄料板固接在所述脱水器本体的内壁上,其数量和位置分布并无严格限制,只要大致由进料端向出料端延伸即可,可以是直线延伸,甚至可以绕脱水器本体的内壁呈螺旋线延伸;所述破袋刀优选呈螺旋线形,所述破袋刀的外侧(即靠近脱水器本体的内壁一侧)间隔开设有多个卡槽, 所述破袋刀通过所述卡槽卡设在所述抄料板上,所述破袋刀的内侧(即靠近脱水器本体回转轴的一侧)开设有锯齿。 [0007] above harmless dehydrator, the copy plate is preferably provided elongated strip (arc bending), copy plate secured to the inner wall of the dehydrated body, their number and location of distribution is not strictly limited, so long as substantially from the feed end to the discharge end extends to, may be straight extension, even around the inner wall of the body of the dewatering extending spirally; preferably in the broken bags helical blade, the broken the outer bag knife (ie, closer to the inner wall of the body dehydration side) opened a plurality of spaced slot, the broken bags knife through the inside of the card slot provided in said copy material panel, the broken bags knife (ie back side of the body near the dewatering shaft) opened a sawtooth. [0008] 上述的无害化脱水器中,所述抄料板优选是由背面的连接板和正面的耐磨板叠加组成,所述连接板和耐磨板通过紧固件固接,以便于提高抄料板的使用寿命。 [0008] The above-described sound dehydrator, the copy plate is preferably made of webs on the back and front of the superposition of wear plates, wear plates and the connecting plate fastened by a fastener so as to improve the life of copy material plate. 所述抄料板的数量优选为多个,此时抄料板优选设置成轴向沿直线延伸的长条状,各个抄料板沿所述脱水器本体的轴向延伸,各个抄料板等间距地固接在脱水器本体的内壁上,所述抄料板微微弯曲呈一弧形板状。 The copy number plate is preferably a plurality, then copy the material plate is preferably disposed axially elongated along a straight line extending along the axial direction of the plate each copy dehydrated body extends each copy plate, etc. spacing firmly attached to the inner wall dehydrator body, the copy plate slightly bent a curved shape.

[0009] 作为对上述无害化脱水器的进一步改进,所述进料端、出料端与所述脱水器本体间的密封连接优选是采用梳齿迷宫式汽封件,所述汽封件的梳齿为高、低间隔布置,所述汽封件的中间设有通向外部导气管的导气槽。 [0009] As a further improvement of the above sound dehydrator, the feed end, connected to the discharge end of the seal body between the dewatering preferred is the use of steam comb labyrinth seals, the vapor seal The comb is high, low spaced intermediate the vapor seal is provided to the outside airway gas guide groove.

[0010] 上述的无害化脱水器中,所述高温蒸汽进口可以设置在进料端或出料端,但优选设于进料端;所述进料端还优选设有连接至外部无轴双螺旋输送机的进料溜管。 [0010] harmless dehydrator above, the high temperature steam inlet may be provided at the feed end or the discharge end, but is preferably located at the feed end; the feed end is also preferably provided to connect to an external shaftless Double screw conveyor feeding tube slide.

[0011] 上述的无害化脱水器中,所述高温蒸汽出口可以设置在进料端或出料端,但优选设于出料端,所述出料端还优选设有连通至外部无轴单螺旋输送机的双翻板阀。 [0011] The above-described sound dehydrator, the high temperature steam outlet can be provided at the feed end or the discharge end, but is preferably located at the discharge end, said discharge end is also preferably provided with no communication to the outside of the shaft single screw conveyor double flap valve.

[0012] 与现有技术相比,本实用新型的优点在于:本实用新型的无害化脱水器主要适用于通过高温蒸汽或者高温空气对物料进行脱水的处理方式,尤其特别适用于城市垃圾处理过程中的灭菌脱水,通过将本实用新型的无害化脱水器应用于物料(例如垃圾处理)的灭菌脱水步骤中后,热源(特别是指高温蒸汽)可直接进入脱水器内和垃圾接触,以实现对垃圾的高效无害化灭菌及脱水。 [0012] Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantage: The utility model harmless dehydration mainly applied to high temperature steam or hot air dehydration of materials handling, in particular, it is especially suitable for urban waste disposal The sterilization process dehydrated by the utility model applied dehydrator harmless materials (eg garbage) in the dehydration step after sterilization, the heat source (especially of high-temperature steam) directly into the dehydrator and garbage contacts, in order to achieve efficient waste harmless sterilization and dehydration. 本实用新型的无害化脱水器不仅对物料的加热均勻,且加热时间短,热源易控制,可在一定范围内调整;而且,由于本实用新型的无害化脱水器主要是利用烟气余热,而不是通过其他的能源供给方式进行加热,因此本实用新型的无害化脱水器不仅结构简单,制造成本低,而且充分利用了现有的能源资源,节能环保,这为今后城市生活垃圾的回收利用,提供了前期处理设备和先决条件,具有较好的实用价值。 The utility model is not only harmless dehydration uniform heating of the material, and the heating time is short, easy to control the heat source can be adjusted within a certain range; and, as the utility model harmless dehydrator is the use of waste heat instead of heating energy is supplied by other way, so the utility model is not only harmless dewatering simple structure, low manufacturing costs, and full use of existing energy resources, environmental protection, this is the future of MSW recycling provides a pre-treatment equipment and prerequisites, has good practical value.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0013] 图1为本实用新型实施例中无害化脱水器的主视图。 [0013] FIG. 1 embodiment of the present utility model, front view harmless dehydrator.

[0014] 图2为图1中AA处的剖视图。 [0014] FIG. 2 is a sectional view at AA of Figure 1.

[0015] 图3为图2中C处的局部放大图。 [0015] FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged view of the C at 2.

[0016] 图4为图1中BB处的剖视图。 [0016] Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the FIG. 1 BB.

[0017] 图5为图4中D处的局部放大图。 [0017] Figure 5 is a partial enlarged view at D 4.

[0018] 图例说明: [0018] Legend:

[0019] 1、进料端;11、高温蒸汽进口; 12、人孔检修门;2、脱水器本体;21、带挡轮支撑装置;22、普通支撑装置;23、传动装置;24、抄料板;Ml、连接板;M2、耐磨板; M3、紧固件;25、破袋刀;251、卡槽;252、锯齿;3、出料端;31、高温蒸汽出口; 32、 灰尘分离板;4、汽封件;41、梳齿;42、导气槽;43、弹簧片;5、进料溜管;6、双翻板阀。 [0019] 1, the feed end; 11, high-temperature steam inlet; 12, manhole access door; 2, dehydrating body; 21, with a gear wheel supporting means; 22, common support means; 23, transmission means; 24, copy plate; Ml, webs; M2, wear plates; M3, fasteners; 25, broken bags knife; 251, slot; 252, serrated; 3, the discharge end; 31, high-temperature steam outlet; 32 dust separating plate; 4, steam seals; 41, comb; 42, gas guide groove; 43, the spring sheet; 5, the feed tube slide; 6, double flap valve.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0020] 以下结合说明书附图和具体实施例对本实用新型作进一步描述。 [0020] below with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the utility model as described further below.

[0021] 实施例: [0021] Example:

[0022] 一种如图1〜图5所示的本实用新型的无害化脱水器,包括进料端1、脱水器本体2和出料端3,进料端1、出料端3分别与脱水器本体2密封连接,无害化脱水器的进料端1 上设有高温蒸汽进口11 (主要是供高温蒸汽进入),出料端3上设有高温蒸汽出口31,高温蒸汽进口11和高温蒸汽出口31分别通过进口法兰、出口法兰与外部余热回收的蒸汽输送管道连通,并形成循环。 [0022] The utility model harmless dehydrator shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5 A, including the feed end of a dehydrated body 2 and a discharge end 3, feed terminal 1 and 3, respectively, the discharge end the feed end of the second sealing connection, harmless dehydrator and dehydrated body is provided with high-temperature steam inlet 11 1 (mainly for high-temperature steam to enter), the discharge end with high-temperature steam outlet 31 on 3, high-temperature steam inlet 11 and high-temperature steam outlet 31, respectively, through the inlet flange outlet flange steam pipes communicating with the outside heat recovery, and form a cycle. 本实施例的脱水器本体2为一卧式旋转输送容器,呈圆筒状(圆筒的长径比为4. 8左右),圆筒外壁可铺设保温层;该脱水器本体2的前部和后部分别通过带挡轮支撑装置21和普通支撑装置22支撑,中部则安装有一传动装置23以实现其自身绕中心回转轴进行旋转。 Dehydration of the body 2 of the present embodiment is a horizontal rotary transport container, cylindrical shape (aspect ratio cylindrical about 4.8), a cylindrical outer insulation layer can be laid; dewatering the front portion 2 of the body and the rear wheel by way of band gear support means 22 supports 21 and the general support device is equipped with a central drive means 23 in order to achieve its own rotary axis rotates around the center. 本实施例的无害化脱水器与水平面成一倾角,即进料端1要高于出料端3,以实现物料在脱水器本体2内的自动输送。 Harmless dehydrator and horizontal to the present embodiment at an oblique angle, which is higher than the feed end of a discharge end 3, in order to achieve automatic material transport in the body dehydration 2.

[0023] 本实施例中,脱水器本体2的内壁上布设有抄料板M和破袋刀25。 [0023] In this embodiment, the inner wall of the body 2 is laid dehydration have copied plate M and broken bags knife 25. 抄料板M轴向呈直线形的长条状,本实施例中共设有八块抄料板对,各抄料板M沿脱水器本体2的回转轴轴向延伸,各抄料板M固接在脱水器本体2的内壁上,并沿圆筒内壁的圆周方向等间距分布。 Copy plate M axially elongated rectilinear form, the present embodiment has eight Communist copy plate right, each copy plate M dehydrated body along the rotary shaft 2 extending axially, each copy plate M solid connected to the inner wall of the main body 2 of dewatering, and distributed along the circumferential direction of the inner wall of the cylinder at equal intervals. 本实施例中,每块抄料板M均是由背面的连接板241和正面的耐磨板242叠加组成(设置耐磨板方便磨损后的更换),连接板241和耐磨板242通过紧固件243固接,抄料板M径向微微弯曲呈一弧形板状。 In this embodiment, each copy plate M are from the connecting plate on the back of the front wear plate 241 and superposition of 242 (set wear plates to facilitate the replacement of worn), the connecting plate 241 and wear plate 242 by tightening Firmware 243 is fixedly connected, copy plate M radial slightly bent a curved shape. 本实施例中,破袋刀25呈螺旋线形,并绕着脱水器本体2 的内壁布设,破袋刀25的外侧(即靠近脱水器本体的内壁一侧)间隔开设有多个卡槽251, 破袋刀25通过卡槽251卡设在抄料板M上,破袋刀25的内侧(即靠近脱水器本体回转轴的一侧)开设有锯齿252。 In this embodiment, the knife 25 was broken bags helical, and laid around the inner wall of the main body 2 of dehydration, the broken blade outer Bag (i.e., the inner wall of the body near the dewatering side) 25 of a plurality of spaced slot opening 251, broken bags knife 25 by 251 card slot is located on the copy plate M, broken bags knife inside (ie, dehydrated body near the side of the rotary axis) 25 252 serrated opened.

[0024] 本实施例的无害化脱水器分为动、静两部分,脱水器本体2为运动部分,而进料端1和出料端3是静止部分(相当于是罩在脱水器本体2两端的外罩),脱水器本体2的两端可分别与进料端1和出料端3实现相对转动。 [0024] harmless dewatering of the present embodiment is divided into dynamic and static two parts, dehydrated body 2 of the moving part, and a feed end and a discharge end of the stationary part 3 (corresponding to the cover body 2 in a dehydrator cover both ends), both ends of the body 2 can be dehydrated separately with a feed end and a discharge end 3 relative rotation. 为了防止本实施例无害化脱水器内的气体外溢, 脱水器本体2的两端与进料端1和出料端3之间的密封连接是通过梳齿迷宫式汽封件4实现,如图5所示,该汽封件4位于外罩的罩壳与脱水器本体2的圆筒形外壁之间,该汽封件4的梳齿41为高、低间隔布置,圆筒外壁上车有凹槽,两汽封件4中间的罩壳壁上设有通向外部导气管的导气槽42,汽封件4与外罩罩壳间设弹簧片43,汽封件4由耐磨、质软的材料制成,使得罩壳与运动的圆筒之间间隙控制在0. 6mm〜0. 8mm之间。 In order to prevent this embodiment harmless gas dehydration inside the spill, both ends of the feed end of the dehydrator body 2 and a discharge end of a sealed connection between the comb through the labyrinth of steam seals 4 implementations, such as 5, vapor seal between the housing cover 4 is dehydration body cylindrical outer wall 2, 4 comb the vapor seal 41 is high, low spaced cylindrical outer wall of the car recess, two steam seal 4 in the middle of the housing is provided to the outside wall of the airway gas guide groove 42, the steam seals between the housing cover 4 and set the spring plate 43, vapor seal 4 is made of wear-resistant, quality soft material, so that the gap between the cylindrical housing and the movement control between 0. 6mm~0. 8mm. 由于采用梳齿迷宫式汽封方式,这便增大了气体的流通阻力,由于在两汽封件4之间还设有导气槽42,这便能够将进入导气槽42的蒸汽、空气、臭气等有效导出,并引至外部的冷凝器等设备,保证不会出现有害气体的外溢及内流,有效提高设备的安全性、传热效率和热效率。 Thanks to comb labyrinth seal steam mode, which would increase the flow resistance of gas, due to the vapor seal between the two 4 also has a gas guide groove 42, which will be able to enter the steam gas guide groove 42, air odor and other effective export, and lead to the outside of the condenser and other equipment, to ensure that no spills occur within the flow of harmful gases and effectively improve safety, efficiency and thermal efficiency of heat transfer equipment.

[0025] 本实施例的无害化脱水器中,进料端1还设有连接至外部无轴双螺旋输送机的进料溜管5,进料端1的底部设有人孔检修门12,出料端3上还设有连通至外部无轴单螺旋输送机的双翻板阀6。 [0025] The sound dehydrator embodiment, the feed terminal 1 also has a connection to an external double shaftless screw conveyor feeding tube slide 5, the feed end of the bottom 1, a manhole access door 12, the discharge end 3 is also a communication to a single external shaftless screw conveyor double flap valve 6. 进料、出料时由于配合使用无轴双螺旋输送机和无轴单螺旋输送机,这两种输送装置有很好的密封效果,且不会有垃圾缠绕,而出料时采用双翻板阀6错开时段开启,进一步保证蒸汽、臭气不外溢。 Feed, when used in conjunction with the material because the shaftless double shaftless screw conveyor and a single screw conveyor, both the delivery device has a good sealing effect, and do not have garbage wound out when feeding for double flap 6 staggered valve opening time, to further ensure steam, odor does not spill. 出料端3还可通过安装灰尘分离板32,借助灰尘运动的惯性,将灰尘分离,减少汇入蒸汽的灰尘量。 The discharge end 3 can also install a dust separation plate 32 by inertial dust movement, dust separation, to reduce the amount of dust imported steam.

[0026] 上述本实施例的无害化脱水器特别适用于以下的城市生活垃圾综合处理工艺中, 该处理工艺包括破碎、灭菌脱水、筛分和焚烧步骤,焚烧后产生的高温烟气与一蒸汽加热器进行换热形成高温蒸汽(260°C〜^(TC ),高温蒸汽用于给灭菌脱水步骤提供热能,高温蒸汽在灭菌脱水步骤经过热交换后形成的低温蒸汽(121°C〜141°C)主要回流至蒸汽加热器(一小部分低温热蒸汽可输送到冷凝器进行冷凝处理或输送至其他需要余热利用的场合),以重新吸收热烟气的热能进行下一轮的循环处理。 [0026] harmless dehydrator of the present embodiment is particularly suitable for the following integrated municipal solid waste treatment process, the treatment process comprises crushing, sterilization dehydration, screening and burning step, high temperature flue gas generated by incineration and a steam heater heat to a high temperature steam (260 ° C~ ^ (TC), high-temperature steam sterilization is used to provide heat dehydration step, high-temperature steam sterilization dehydration step after the formation of low-temperature heat exchange steam (121 ° C~141 ° C) to reflux main steam heater (a fraction of low-temperature heat can be supplied to the steam condenser to condense the processing or transport needs of waste heat utilization elsewhere), the hot flue gas to absorb heat again for the next round loop processing.

[0027] 本实施例的无害化脱水器可设置在上述处理工艺的灭菌脱水步骤中进行灭菌脱水,其工作原理为:经过破碎后的城市生活垃圾经过无轴双螺旋输送机的输送进入进料溜管5,由进料溜管5输送进脱水器本体2的内腔中,余热利用形成的高温蒸汽也已经通过高温蒸汽进口11进入到脱水器本体2的内腔中,脱水器本体2由其传动装置23开始以4〜 6 rpm的转速(变频调速)绕自身回转轴逆时针旋转,脱水器本体2内的压力控制为常压(当有压力波动时可能会对无害化脱水器的运行产生消极影响,例如当脱水器内出现负压时, 外部空气可能会引入脱水器内,进而降低蒸汽与物料之间的传热效果及无害化脱水器的热效率;而当罐体内部出现正压时,可能会使罐体内的蒸汽和臭气排出脱水器外,给外部环境带来不利影响,甚至可能对生产人员有烫伤的危险),垃圾在脱水器本体2的内填充系数为0. 136〜0. 2,由于脱水器本体2的旋转和抄料板M的抄料带动,垃圾体开始随脱水器本体2的回转做圆周运动,即垃圾体先由抄料板M带动往上运动,当运动到内壁的高点处时再被抄料板M释放,然后基本呈一垂直降落轨迹,就在垃圾不断被抬升、释放、下落的运动中,使得脱水器本体2的内腔中散落、充斥着大量的垃圾体,由于破袋刀25的内侧端部设有锯齿252,垃圾体在重力作用下和破袋刀25的旋转运动下,其与锯齿252不断发生相对移动,使得垃圾体中物质不断被撕裂,实现进一步的垃圾破碎;而由高温蒸汽进口11输入的高温蒸汽在由进料端1向出料端3流动的过程中,高温蒸汽发生紊流流动,其与腔体内散落、充斥的垃圾体实现充分接触,进行剧烈的对流传热,把蒸汽的热量不断传递给垃圾使垃圾升温,当垃圾体被加热至100°C左右时,垃圾体内水分强烈汽化,变成蒸汽释放出来,进而完成垃圾的脱水过程,随着垃圾体的温度进一步被加热到100°C以上后(121°C左右),便能起到很好的灭菌作用;垃圾体在作圆周运动过程中,由于无害化脱水器与水平面呈一小角度倾斜(进料端1稍高于出料端3),因此垃圾体的实际运动轨迹为圆周运动和向前运动的叠加,即呈现一螺旋式运动轨迹,就在垃圾不断上升、降落的过程中,垃圾从进料端1缓慢向出料端3推移,最后从出料端3的双翻板阀6降落到无轴单螺旋输送机上输出无害化脱水器。 [0027] The sound dehydrator embodiment may be sterilized set dewatering dewatering step of the sterilization treatment process, which works as follows: After MSW crushed through the double shaftless screw conveyor transport slide into the feed tube 5 from the feed tube slide 5 fed into dehydration body cavity 2, waste heat utilization has also been formed by high-temperature steam temperature steam inlet 11 into the body cavity dehydration 2, dehydrator body 2 by gear 23 starts 4~ 6 rpm rotational speed (frequency control) around its rotary shaft rotates counterclockwise, the pressure within the dehydration body 2 controlled pressure (when there is pressure fluctuations may be harmless dehydrator operation of a negative impact, for example, when the negative pressure within the dehydration occurs, external air may be introduced into the dehydrator, thereby reducing the thermal efficiency of heat transfer between the steam and the material and harmless dehydrator; and when occurs when a positive pressure inside the tank, the tank may cause body odor exhaust steam and dehydrator, but to adversely affect the external environment, and may even production staff posing a burn hazard), the body in the trash in a dehydrator 2 fill factor of 0.2 136~0. 2, due to dehydration, body rotation and copy plate 2 M copied material driven with dewatering the waste mass start rotating body 2 in a circular motion, that the waste mass start with copy plate M drive up the sport, when a motion to the inner wall of the high point and then be copied plate M is released, and then presents a substantially vertical descent trajectory, in the garbage continues to be raised, released, the whereabouts of the movement, so dehydrated body 2 lumen scattered, filled with a lot of garbage body, since the inside of the broken ends of the bag with a serrated knife. 25 252, the waste mass under gravity and rotational movement of the knife under the broken bags of 25, 252 and sawtooth continue to occur relatively moving, so that the garbage body substance constantly being torn, crushed garbage achieve further; and high-temperature steam by the steam inlet temperature input 11 from the feed end to the discharge end 3 a flow process, the high temperature steam generating turbulent flow , littered with the cavity, the body full of garbage achieve full contact, vigorous convective heat, the heat of the steam delivered to the garbage continues to make the trash warming, when the waste mass is heated to about 100 ° C, garbage strong body of water vaporizes into steam released, and then complete the dehydration process waste, the waste mass as the temperature is further heated above 100 ° C after (121 ° C or so) to, can play a very good sterilization; waste mass In circular motion, since the harmless water trap with a small angle inclined to the horizontal (slightly higher than the feed end to the discharge end 3 a), the actual trajectory of the waste mass is circular motion and forward motion superimposed that presents a spiral trajectory, rising in the trash, landing process, the garbage from the feed end to the discharge end 3 a slow passage of time, and finally the discharge end of the double flap valve 3 to 6 landing from a shaftless single screw conveyor output harmless dehydrator. 垃圾在无害化脱水器内的停留时间一般可达到45分钟左右,所以在脱水的同时还能起到很好的灭菌效果,脱水率一般可达到13%〜15%。 Garbage in the dehydrator harmless residence time of up to about 45 minutes, so dehydration while still play a very good sterilizing effect, dehydration rate is generally 13% ~ 15%.

Référencé par
Brevet citant Date de dépôt Date de publication Déposant Titre
CN102335672A *29 sept. 20111 févr. 2012湖南现代威保特环保科技有限公司Harmless dehydrator
CN102335672B29 sept. 20116 nov. 2013湖南现代环境科技有限公司Harmless dehydrator
CN104344689A *16 oct. 201411 févr. 2015史金麟Method for heating domestic wastes by hot air to evaporate moisture and drying device of method
CN104344689B *16 oct. 201424 août 2016史金麟一种热风加热生活垃圾蒸发水分的方法及其烘干装置
Classifications
Classification internationaleF26B25/04, B09B3/00, B09B5/00, F26B21/00, F26B11/06, A61L11/00
Événements juridiques
DateCodeÉvénementDescription
30 mai 2012C14Grant of patent or utility model
6 nov. 2013RGAVAbandon patent right to avoid regrant