Recherche Images Maps Play YouTube Actualités Gmail Drive Plus »
Connexion
Les utilisateurs de lecteurs d'écran peuvent cliquer sur ce lien pour activer le mode d'accessibilité. Celui-ci propose les mêmes fonctionnalités principales, mais il est optimisé pour votre lecteur d'écran.

Brevets

  1. Recherche avancée dans les brevets
Numéro de publicationEP0120564 A2
Type de publicationDemande
Numéro de demandeEP19840300564
Date de publication3 oct. 1984
Date de dépôt30 janv. 1984
Date de priorité31 janv. 1983
Autre référence de publicationDE3481069D1, EP0120564A3, EP0120564B1
Numéro de publication1984300564, 84300564, 84300564.6, EP 0120564 A2, EP 0120564A2, EP-A2-0120564, EP0120564 A2, EP0120564A2, EP19840300564, EP84300564
InventeursConrad C. Buyofsky, John Wilson Kennette
DéposantChicopee
Exporter la citationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Liens externes:  Espacenet, Registre européen des brevets
Reinforced fabric laminate
EP 0120564 A2
Résumé
A method of making a low cost, nonwoven reinforced fabric laminate comprising two layers of lightly entangled fibers having binder at the jet surface thereof, and having a reinforcing layer therebetween, comprising superimposing the two fibrous layers and the scrim wihthe non-binder side of the fibrous layers next to the scrim and securing the reinforcing layer to each of the fibrous layers.
Revendications(8)
1. A method of making a low cost, nonwoven, reinforced fabric laminate having excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency comprising the steps of:
(a) lightly entangling a web of fibers utilizing high speed essentially columnar jets of fluid to form a first fibrous layer having a jet side and an other side;
(b) applying binder to the jet side of the first fabric layer;
(c) superimposing a reinforcing layer upon the other side of said first fabric layer;
(d) loosely entangling a web of fibers utilizing high speed essentially columnar jets of water to form a second fibrous layer having a jet side and an other side;
(e) applying binder to the jet side of said second fabric layer;
(f) superimposing said second fibrous layer upon said first fibrous layer and reinforcing layer, with the other side of said second fibrous layer next adjacent the reinforcing layer; and
(g) securing said reinforcing layer to each of said first and second fibrous layers.
2. A method of making a low cost, nonwoven reinforced fabric laminate having excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency comprising the steps of lightly entangling two separate: wets of fibers utilizing high speed essentially columnar jets of fluid to form first and second separate fibrous layers, each having a jet side and an other side, superimposing said first and second fabric layers and a reinforcing layer with the other side of the first and second fibrous layers next adjacent the reinforcing layer, and then, in either order, securing the reinforcing layer to the first and second fibrous layers, and applying binder to the jet side of the first and second fibrous layers now forming the outer surfaces of the fabric laminate.
3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2 wherein said fibers comprise both absorbent fibers and high strength fibers.
4. The method of claim 3 wherein said absorbent fibers are cotton and/or rayon, and said high strength fibers are polyester, polyolefin, acrylic or nylon fibers.
5. The method of any one of claims 1 to 4 further comprising the step of drying the binder prior to superimposing the first and second fibrous layers and the reinforcing layer.
6. The method of any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein said reinforcing layer is thermoplastic and is secured to said first and second fibrous layers by the use of heat.
7. The method of any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein said reinforcing layer comprises a scrim.
8. A nonwoven reinforced wipe having excellent abrasion resistance and absorbency comprising a laminate made by a method of any one of claims 1 to 7.
Description
    Background of the Invention
  • [0001]
    It is known to combine a reinforcing layer such as a scrim with one or two paper layers to form a reinforced towel. Reinforced wipes employing a scrim between layers of nonwoven materials are also known in the art. One such structure, marketed as an industrial wipe, comprised a pulp-filled, long fiber, carded wipe with a floating scrim center, and specifically comprised a layer of long fibers, a pulp layer, the scrim, a pulp layer, and another layer of long fibers. The wipe contained binder material which extended through the layers of the wipe and anchored the scrim. The scrim was not separately bonded to the pulp. Another nonwoven reinforced fabric wipe comprised a reinforced fluid entangled fibrous wipe consisting of a layer of entangled fibers, a reinforcing scrim, and another layer of entangled fibers, said scrim being attached to the fibrous layers by heat sealing or adhesive. Entangled fiber fabrics are very expensive and difficult to produce.
  • [0002]
    The reinforced fabric laminate of the present invention comprises a cloth-like nonwoven reinforced laminate which may be made at a relatively low cost, exhibits excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency, The fibrous layers used in manufacturing the laminate are lightly entangled layers with a low level of binder, sufficient to maintain the outer surface integrity of the layer. Such layers are less expensive to manufacture than the entangled fabric layers of the prior art wipes. According to the method of the present invention, the binder material is printed on one surface only of each of the fibrous layers which make up the fabric laminate, and according to the present invention, the fabric laminate is covered with thermoplastic material. The nonwoven, reinforced fibrous material of the present invention may be used as a wipe giving excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency,
  • Detailed Description of the Invention
  • [0003]
    The nonwoven, reinforced fabric laminate of the present invention utilizes lightly entangled fibrous layers having a pattern of high density regions interconnected by fibers extending between the regions. Such lightly entangled or entangled fibrous layers have a jet side disposed closer to the jets of fluid during the entangling process, and a belt side. The-jet side has greater abrasion resistance. To said lightly entangled layers is added an effective amount of binder to give the fibrous layer the sufficient abrasion resistance and cohesiveness for the intended end-use application. These lightly entangled fibrous layers have been provided with binder throughout or with surface binder, however in the method and fabric laminate of the present invention, the fibrous layers making up the fabric laminate are produced by printing binder on the surface of the jet side of each of the lightly entangled fibrous layers. In a preferred embodiment, the layers are dried prior to print bonding.
  • [0004]
    The method of the present invention involves assembling two fibrous layers by lightly entangling a web of fibers comprising absorbent fibers and high strength fibers utilizing high speed essentially columnar jets of fluid to . form the fabric layers. Binder is printed on the jet side of the layers prior to superimposing the layers in the laminate or after the layers are superimposed. The laminar structure is then assembled by superimposing the two fibrous layers with a reinforcing layer therebetween. The laminar structure is assembled so that the belt side of covered with thermoplastic material. The nonwoven, reinforced fibrous material of the present invention may be used as a wipe giving excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency.
  • Detailed Description of the Invention
  • [0005]
    The nonwoven, reinforced fabric laminate of the present invention utilizes lightly entangled fibrous layers having a pattern of high density regions interconnected by fibers extending between the regions. Such lightly entangled or entangled fibrous layers have a jet side disposed closer to the jets of fluid during the entangling process, and a belt side. The-jet side has greater abrasion resistance. To said lightly entangled layers is added an effective amount of binder to give the fibrous layer the sufficient abrasion resistance and cohesiveness for the intended end-use application. These lightly entangled fibrous'layers have been provided with bidder throughout or with surface binder, however in the method and fabric laminate of the present invention, the fibrous layers making up the fabric laminate are produced by printing binder on the surface of the jet side of each of the lightly entangled fibrous layers. In a preferred embodiment, the layers are dried prior to print bonding.
  • [0006]
    The method of the present invention involves assembling two fibrous layers by lightly entangling a web of fibers comprising absorbent fibers and high strength fibers utilizing high speed essentially columnar jets of fluid to . form the fabric layers. Binder is printed on the jet side of the layers prior to superimposing the layers in the laminate or after the layers are superimposed. The laminar structure is then assembled by superimposing the two fibrous layers with a reinforcing layer therebetween. The laminar structure is assembled so that the belt side of the entangled fibrous layers are next adjacent the reinforcing layer. The jet sides of the fibrous layers comprise the outer surfaces of the reinforced fabric laminate. The reinforcing layer is then secured to the first and second fibrous layers. If the binder is not added before the laminate is assembled, the binder may be printed on the laminate either-before or after the reinforcing layer is secured to the fibrous layers. The reinforcing layer may comprise a thermoplastic material which r.ay be heat bonded to the first and second fibrous layers. It is essential that the reinforcing layer not be destroyed in the laminating process, but remain to lend dimensional stability to the laminate. It is not essential that the reinforcing layer be thermoplastic as it may be adhesively secured to the first and second fibrous layers. The reinforcing layer may comprise a scrim or a netting. In its most preferred embodiment, the reinforcing layer comprises a fibrous netting with a thermoplastic coating.
  • [0007]
    The nonwoven, reinforced fabric laminate of the present invention and the method of making the same comprises a low cost alternative to reinforced entangled fabric laminates. The fabric laminate has good utility as a wipe, and in particular, possess excellent abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and absorbency.
  • [0008]
    Each of the nonwoven fibrous layers of the reinforced fabric laminate of the invention is made by forming a web of overlapping, intersecting fibers, supporting the web on an apertured pattern member having apertures arranged in a pattern, directing high speed jets of fluid at the web to randomly and lightly entangle the web into a fibrous layer having a pattern of high density regions interconnected by fibers extending between regions, said layer having a jet side disposed nearest the jets, and applying adhesive binder material to the jet side of the layer of lightly entangled fibers. The fibrous layer may be dried before the application of binder, and the binder may be added before or after superimposing the fibrous layers to form the laminate.
  • [0009]
    The fibrous web can be formed in any convenient known manner, as by air-laying or carding. The web is then lightly entangled using method and apparatus similar to those disclosed by Evans in U.S. Patent No. 3,485,706. It is an important feature of the invention that the fibrous layer is lightly entangled. For instance, it is preferred that the lightly entangled fibrous layer have a structural measure of fiber entanglement of less than 0.1.- (The test procedure for measuring the structural measure of fiber entanglement is set forth in published British patent application No.- 2 045 825.
  • [0010]
    A typical apparatus for making the fibrous layer used in the process of the invention employs rows of orifices through which fluid (usually water) under pressure forms essentially columnar jets. A suitable apparatus has up t 20-25 rows of orifices, with about 30-50 orifices per linear inch. The orifices are preferably circular, with diameters of from 0.005 to 0.007 inch. The travelling fibrous web can be positioned about 1-2 inches below the orifices.
  • [0011]
    Using the above-described typical apparatus, representative conditions include a liquid pressure of about 200-7C psi and a web speed of up to 100 yards per minute, for a fibrous web weighing about 1/2 to 2-1/2 ounces per square yard. Routine experimentation that is well within the ordinary skill in the art will suffice to determine the desired conditions for particular cases.
  • [0012]
    According to one embodiment of the method of the present invention, after the fibrous layer has been lightly entangled, it is surface bonded, preferably print bonded, by passing the fibrous layer through a print bonding station employing a set of counterrotating rolls comprising the upper (back-up) roll which is adjustable, and the lower (applicator) roll which is engraved with a predetermined pattern to be printed. The lower roll is partially immersed in a bath of binder solution or suspension. As the roll rotates, it picks up binder, and a doctor blade wipes the roll clean except for the binder contained in the engraved pattern. As the fibrous layer passes through the nip between the rolls, the binder is printed on the layer from the engraved pattern. This procedure is well known in the art. U.S. Patents which disclose such print bonding of nonwoven fibrous webs includes Nos. 2,705,498, 2,705,687, 2,705,688, 2,080,111, and 3,009,822. If desired the fibrous layer may also be overall saturation bonded. It is preferred that the fibrous layers be dried prior to the application of the binder material.
  • [0013]
    The adhesive binder employed can be any of the aqueous latex binders that are conventionally employed as binders for nonwoven fabrics. Such binders include acrylics, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers, SBR latex rubbers, and the like.
  • [0014]
    After the binder has been applied, the printed fibrous layer may be dried in the usual fashion, as by passing the web over a series of drying cans.
  • [0015]
    The binder is employed in an effective amount, that is, that amount which will result in a fibrous layer having sufficient abrasion resistance for the intended end-use application. In addition, the binder prevents disentangling of the surface fibers, thereby maintaining the cohe- siveness of the fibrous layer and laminate. The exact amount of binder employed depends, in part, upon factors such as nature of binder, and the like. Usually, an effective amount will be found-within the range of from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, based upon weight of fibers plus binder.
  • [0016]
    The fibers used in the reinforced fabric and process of the invention are a combination of absorbent or hydrophilic fibers such as rayon, cotton, and high strength fibers such as polyester, polyolefin, acrylic, or nylon fibers. The fibers may have a denier of from 1 to 1.5 or more and they may be in the form of short fibers such as 1/4 inch in length upto as long as continuous filament fibers. Preferably, fibers in the range of 3/4 to 2 inches in length are used. The weight of the fibrous layers used i the present invention may vary from 100 grains per square yard to a few thousand grains per square yard.
  • [0017]
    Though it is generally known that the presence of binder reduces absorbency, and that the jet side surface of a lightly entangled fibrous layer has greater abrasive resistance than the belt side of the fabric layer; adding binder to the jet side, or strength to strength, made possible by the use of the reinforcing layer, is not know or obvious. The fibrous layers and the fabric laminate maintain all the absorbency of the non-bonded loosely entangled belt side of the fibrous web, and require that less binder be added to the stronger jet side to achieve excellent abrasion resistance while giving good feel.
  • [0018]
    The foregoing description is illustrative but is not to h taken as limiting. Other variations and modifications an possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
Citations de brevets
Brevet cité Date de dépôt Date de publication Déposant Titre
DE1503736A1 *3 août 19654 juin 1969Baumwoll Weberei Arthur PongsReinigungstuch
DE1560778A1 *16 juin 19644 déc. 1969Freudenberg Carl FaVerfahren zur Herstellung vond kombinierten Textilverbundstoffen
DE3005747A1 *15 févr. 198028 août 1980ChicopeeUngewebter faserstoff und verfahren zu seiner herstellung
FR2343595A1 * Titre non disponible
Référencé par
Brevet citant Date de dépôt Date de publication Déposant Titre
EP0447090A1 *4 mars 199118 sept. 1991JOHNSON & JOHNSON INC.Three dimensional non-woven fabric
US4950531 *18 mars 198821 août 1990Kimberly-Clark CorporationNonwoven hydraulically entangled non-elastic web and method of formation thereof
US5369858 *19 août 19926 déc. 1994Fiberweb North America, Inc.Process for forming apertured nonwoven fabric prepared from melt blown microfibers
US5874159 *3 mai 199623 févr. 1999E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyDurable spunlaced fabric structures
WO1997003238A1 *10 juil. 199530 janv. 1997E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyComposite fabrics of nonwoven nylon layers and fiberglass scrim
WO1997042366A2 *5 mai 199713 nov. 1997E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyDurable spunlaced fabric structures
WO1997042366A3 *5 mai 199718 déc. 1997Du PontDurable spunlaced fabric structures
WO1999020822A1 *16 oct. 199829 avr. 1999Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Textured nonwoven composite material and method for making the same
WO1999023291A1 *2 nov. 199814 mai 1999E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyDurable, absorbent spunlaced fabric structures
Classifications
Classification internationaleD04H13/00
Classification coopérativeD04H1/49, D04H1/488, D04H1/593, D04H1/492
Classification européenneD04H13/00B4
Événements juridiques
DateCodeÉvénementDescription
3 oct. 1984AKDesignated contracting states:
Designated state(s): BE DE FR GB IT LU NL SE
16 sept. 1987AKDesignated contracting states:
Kind code of ref document: A3
Designated state(s): BE DE FR GB IT LU NL SE
20 avr. 198817PRequest for examination filed
Effective date: 19880219
26 oct. 198817QFirst examination report
Effective date: 19880908
17 janv. 1990AKDesignated contracting states:
Kind code of ref document: B1
Designated state(s): BE DE FR GB IT LU NL SE
22 févr. 1990REFCorresponds to:
Ref document number: 3481069
Country of ref document: DE
Date of ref document: 19900222
Format of ref document f/p: P
21 mars 1990ITFIt: translation for a ep patent filed
Owner name: SOCIETA ITALIANA BREVETTI S.P.A.
30 mars 1990ETFr: translation filed
27 déc. 199026NNo opposition filed
31 janv. 1991ITTAIt: last paid annual fee
7 mars 1994EPTALu: last paid annual fee
18 janv. 1995PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: SE
Payment date: 19950118
Year of fee payment: 12
31 janv. 1995EALSe: european patent in force in sweden
Ref document number: 84300564.6
Format of ref document f/p: F
1 févr. 1995PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: LU
Payment date: 19950201
Year of fee payment: 12
2 mars 1995PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: BE
Payment date: 19950302
Year of fee payment: 12
30 janv. 1996PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: LU
Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES
Effective date: 19960130
31 janv. 1996PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: SE
Effective date: 19960131
Ref country code: BE
Effective date: 19960131
31 juil. 1996BEREBe: lapsed
Owner name: CHICOPEE
Effective date: 19960131
7 oct. 1996EUGSe: european patent has lapsed
Ref document number: 84300564.6
Format of ref document f/p: F
23 déc. 1996PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: NL
Payment date: 19961223
Year of fee payment: 14
1 août 1998PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: NL
Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES
Effective date: 19980801
1 oct. 1998NLV4Nl: lapsed or anulled due to non-payment of the annual fee
Effective date: 19980801
2 janv. 2001PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: FR
Payment date: 20010102
Year of fee payment: 18
3 janv. 2001PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: DE
Payment date: 20010103
Year of fee payment: 18
5 janv. 2001PGFPPostgrant: annual fees paid to national office
Ref country code: GB
Payment date: 20010105
Year of fee payment: 18
1 janv. 2002REGReference to a national code
Ref country code: GB
Ref legal event code: IF02
30 janv. 2002PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: GB
Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES
Effective date: 20020130
1 août 2002PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: DE
Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES
Effective date: 20020801
18 sept. 2002GBPCGb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee
Effective date: 20020130
30 sept. 2002PG25Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo
Ref country code: FR
Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES
Effective date: 20020930
31 oct. 2002REGReference to a national code
Ref country code: FR
Ref legal event code: ST