US 1115038 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
BOOT AND SHOE.
1,1 15,088. Patented 001221914L 2 SHEETSSHEET 1.
BOOT AND SHOE.
APPLIUATION FILED AUG.27, 191s.
1,1 1 5,038. A Patented oct. 27, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET Z.
CHARLES TWEEDIE, 0F JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI.
BOOT AND SHOE.
y Specification of Letters Patent. ipplioation filed August 27, 1913. Serial No. 786,847. i
Patented Oct. 27, 191.4.
To al whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES TWEEDIE, a citizen of the United States, and a'resident of Jefferson City, in the. county of Cole and State of Missourh-have invented a new and useful Improvement in Boots andhShoes, of which the following description, With the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
My invention relates to an improved shoe bottom consisting of a short sole and heel.
The invention comprises a combination heelscat and heel as an article of manufacture,
land is intended both to improve boots and shoes, and to cheapen the manufacture thereof by economizing in labor and material.
Further objects of the invention appear in connection With the following description thereof, reference being had to the accon'ipanying drawings, and in what the invention consists is particularly defined in the appended claims. y
ln the drawings, in which like characters designate the same parts in the several views,-lf`igure l `is an isometric vieur of a shoe after lasting and sewing on a short outsole, beveled ready fo'r'the application of my improved combined heel scat and heel. Fig. is a bottom plan view of a'shoe with .short outsole and heel attached, showina' nails applied with regular heel railing machine, for securing the heel to the shoe; and Fig. 3 is` a vertical cross-section taken lengthwise of a finished shoe, showing the means for attaching th'c heel piece to .the short sole, counter, upper and insole. Fig. 4 is :in isometric bottom plan of a partly finished short outsole, showing the scarf or bei cl at the heel end thereof where the grain side of' the leather has been skived ofl' Fig. 5 is an edge view of the same; Fig. 6 is an isometric bottom plan ol' the bottom lift, or layer, of my improved heel, which forms a continuation of' the short s`olc, eorresponding to what is commonly known as the heel seat of an outersole; Fig. T is an edge view of the same; Fig. S is an'isometric view of my improved heel, which is the combination of a regular heel with my heel seat; Fig. 9 is a top mlan of the side jaws of a heel compressing mold. F l0 is an isometric side view of my improved top former for a heel compressing mold.
In manufacturing myimprovedcombination shoe sole and heel 'I first block out a blank piece for the short sole. The forepart 22 of the short sole is rounded out from the blank to conform to the style wanted, and .the shank end is beveled off on 'the wearing, or grain side. The short sole 24, thus formed, may be channeled, molded and otherwise stock fitted in the same manner as 1s practised in modern shoe factories.
In building my improved heel, the same method of construction is employed as that nowemployed in modern heel factories, except that my heel is one heavy lift 'or layer higher than the ordinary heel, caused by the addition to it of the heel seat portion 25 of the' sole. The breast end 26 of the heel seat portion or lift 25 is scarfed on the lower edge. (See Figs. 6 and 7.) The heel 27 is built up and compressed and molded in any heavypressure heel molding-compressing machine in general use, using the regular side jaws 34 with my improved top mold 35 (See Figs. 9 and 10)'.
After the shoe is lasted in the regular way, the short sole 24 is attached to and fastened to the insole 28, counter 29, and upper 30, by tacking and sewing or nailing in the regular way. The scarfed shank end 23 of the sole may or may. not be nailed down, as it will be securely fastened byl the heeling machine operation. The shoe sole is then leveled in the usual manner, but the usual succeeding long sole operations of loose nailing the heel seat and rough trimming the projection of the heel scat portion of the sole are both eliminated by my invention. In my process, theV next operation after leveling is the nailing on of the heel piece 27 by the regular heel nailing or attaching i'nachinc, except that the nails 32 are driven through the insole and clenched instead of terminating in the insole. lhe top lift 33 of the heel is spanked on in thisI heel nailing operation. The heel picco 27 can be adjusted either sidewise or lengthwise iiulejcuudently of the sole, thereby enablingT the usual rough trimming of the heel seat to be dispensed with, as the final heel trimming sufllces 'for finishing the heel and seat to the proper contour. The joint between the` srarfed ends of the short sole and hccl seat lift 25 of the heel is covered by the projecting breast portion 3l of the heel, thereby protecting it from moisture.
By reason of my improved constrlution and method, many advantages are obtained. First, in the use of tbe short sole there is a saving of twenty per cent., more or" less, of the most expensivel and durable portion of a4 sole leather' hide, or of any material suitable for sole purposes.
lVliile l do not claim the short sole as a new discovery, I do know that is not in common use; which is an evidence that no practical results have been obtained here- `tofore by any manufacturing method of ferior leather or substitutes for leather.A
Furthermore, my invention eliminates the opta-ations of cementing, gluing or tacking on of heel end pieces in the first stages of manufacture; also the operations of the heel nailing machine (loose nailing) with the expensive nails required in said operation; also the operationof rough trimming the heel seat of sole with the heel seat trim* ming machine. It will be readily seen, therefore, that there is not only a great-,saving in the various articles or materials of manufacture by my invention, but there follows also a saving in the cost of labor in the elimination of the aforesaid operations.
Having thus described and explained my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,-
l. A heel for boots and shoes comprising a plurality of lifts secured' together, the bottom lift being shorter than the others at its inner end, saidinner end being beveled on its outer face.
2. A shoe comprising a short sole of sole leather having its shank' end beveled on the grain side, and a heel secured -to said short sole and having a heel seat portion forming an extension of said short sole, said heel seat portion -being shorter than said heel and having its inner end beveled on the outer side to lap thebeveled end of said short sole.
3. A shoe'havin a sole comprising a front portion of sole eather. or other suitable sole material with its shank end skived to a bevel on the grain or Wearing surface of Said sole, and a heelhaving a bottom lift or layer of either inferior leatheror a substitute for leather, said lift beingshorter than the ad- ]oining lift or layer and with its short endl toward' the breast or straight end of -said heel, said `short end of said heel'lift being skived tol bevel, the extension thus left 'between the beveledl end of said short lift or layer and the breast line of said hee] -forming a suitable and substantiallap andunion leather or other suitable Lsolematerial with its shank endskived to a bevel on the grain or Wearing surface of said sole, and a heel having a bottom lift or-layer of either inferior leather or a substitute for leather', said lift being shorter than the adjoining lift or layer and With its short end toward the breast or straight end of said heel, said bottom lift forming a heel seat, the bottom or concavev surface thereof being skived to a bevel', whereby said heel seat and heel are adjustable relatively to said front portion and are adapted to be lapped and secured together by the heel nailing substantially as described. 1 v
5. As a new article of manufacture, a heel for a shoe comprising a short sole of sole leatherhaving its shank end beveled, said heel having a heel seat portion secured thereto and forming a part thereof, said heel seat portion being adapted to form an eXtensionV of said short solefa-nd having its inner end beveled to lap thebeveled end of said short sole. l
Signed at Jefferson City, Missouri, this 23d day of August, 1913,
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve c'ents each, 'by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, E. .(1.