|Numéro de publication||US20070088328 A1|
|Type de publication||Demande|
|Numéro de demande||US 11/507,805|
|Date de publication||19 avr. 2007|
|Date de dépôt||22 août 2006|
|Date de priorité||25 août 2005|
|Autre référence de publication||US8075497|
|Numéro de publication||11507805, 507805, US 2007/0088328 A1, US 2007/088328 A1, US 20070088328 A1, US 20070088328A1, US 2007088328 A1, US 2007088328A1, US-A1-20070088328, US-A1-2007088328, US2007/0088328A1, US2007/088328A1, US20070088328 A1, US20070088328A1, US2007088328 A1, US2007088328A1|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Cook Incorporated|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Référencé par (4), Classifications (7), Événements juridiques (3)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Applications Ser. No. 60/711,261, filed Jul. 25, 2006 and Ser. No. 60/711,261, filed on Aug. 25, 2005, entitled “WIRE GUIDE HAVING DISTAL COUPLING TIP,” the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
This invention relates generally to a wire guide for use in intracorporeal procedures, and more particularly relates to the construction of a wire guide to be coupled to a previously introduced wire guide for assistance during interventional procedures in vessels with proximal tortuosity, or as a more substantial wire guide for angioplasty procedures, stenting procedures, and other device placement procedures and their related devices.
Proximal tortuosity of the vasculature is problematic for all medical catheter devices such as atherectomy devices, angioplasty devices, stent delivery devices, and filter delivery devices. Wire guides are therefore typically used to navigate the vasculature of a patient during percutaneous interventional procedures. Once the wire guide has been introduced, it may then be used to introduce one or more medical catheter devices. Thus, most wire guides are typically 0.014 inches in diameter and have a lubricious coating to enhance wire guide introduction movement. Conventional 0.014 inch floppy wire guides must have sufficient flexibility and torque control for navigation through tortuous vessels. At the same time, the wire guide must have a certain amount of rigidity to pass through lesions, straighten extremely tortuous vessels, and support medical catheter devices that are introduced over the wire guide.
Accordingly, wire guides are subjected to potentially conflicting requirements. Conventional 0.014 inch floppy wire guides are usually sufficient for navigation of moderately tortuous vessels. However, in some situations the wire guide tip may prolapse away from the site to which it is guiding the device. For example, balloon angioplasty in vessels with proximal tortuosity has been associated with a higher incidence of acute complications and procedural failure due to the inability to cross lesions with a conventional floppy wire guide, and due to the inability of the wire guide to provide adequate support to the balloon catheter. Heavy-duty wire guides, on the other hand, are generally not well suited as primary wire guides because of their stiffness and potential for causing injury to the vessel during introduction.
It may therefore be desirable to use conventional floppy wire guides for navigation of tortuous vessels, and then enhance the conventional wire guide with a supplemental wire guide. The supplemental wire guide will straighten out the vessel curves and ease further wire guide movement. Additionally, the supplemental wire guide provides greater support and enhances the tracking of balloons, stents, stent delivery devices, atherectomy devices, and other medical catheter devices as compared to a conventional floppy wire guide. This technique is commonly referred to as the “Buddy Wire” technique, details of which are disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/081,146, filed Mar. 16, 2005.
However, the navigation of the supplemental wire guide parallel to the first wire guide is an exacting and time consuming process in which additional difficulties are encountered. For example, the second wire guide can cork screw or coil around the first wire guide, which may result in immobilization or unintended movement of the first wire guide, which in turn may require the retraction and re-feeding of the supplemental wire guide and/or the primary wire guide. Moreover, if retraction of the supplemental wire guide is necessary, either of the wire guides may become contaminated and the entire process may need to be restarted with sterile components. The time consumed by this process can be critical to the success of the procedure. Additionally, when traversing through the heart of a patient, and particularly the ostium, the larger open space of the heart makes identical placement of the supplemental wire guide somewhat difficult.
Accordingly, there exists a need to provide a supporting wire guide for percutaneous interventional procedures that may be easily and reliably traversed through the vasculature to a position proximate a previously introduced wire guide.
The present invention provides a supporting wire guide for intracorporeal procedures that may be easily and reliably traversed through the vasculature to a position proximate a previously introduced wire guide. The supporting wire guide is a coupling wire guide that is structured to be slidably coupled to the previously introduced wire guide. In one embodiment constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention, the coupling wire guide generally includes a main body having a distal end, and a tip portion securely connected to the distal end of the main body. The tip portion includes first, second and third sections. The first section is connected to the main body, while the third section defines an axial passageway having a distal opening and a proximal opening. The axial passageway is sized to receive the previously introduced wire guide therein. The second section interconnects the first and third sections. and includes a strip extending axially and circumferentially to define a corresponding axially and circumferentially extending opening communication with the proximal opening.
The strip portion may include numerous features to provide increased flexibility to the tip portion, thereby facilitating translation of the coupling wire guide along the previously introduced wire guide. For example, the strip extends less than 360 degrees circumferentially to define the open area, and preferably has a width less 180 degrees (circumferentially). The strip may follow a curved path between the first and third sections, and preferably follows a helical path between the first and third sections, allowing the strip to both twist and bend a limited amount. The helical path preferably spans less than or equal to about 180 degrees circumferentially. The strip may also include a plurality of holes or slots therein to provide increased flexibility. The strip is also structured to guide the previously introduced wire guide relative to the proximal opening, and preferably guides the previously introduced wire guide away from the proximal opening and away from the strip. The distal end of the main body may also project into the open area and be curved to guide the previously introduced wire guide away from the main body.
Another embodiment of the coupling wire guide, constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention, also includes a main body having a distal end and a tip portion securely connected to the distal end. The tip portion includes first, second and third sections. The first section is connected to the main body and the second section interconnects the first and third sections. The second section includes a strip having a width less than 360 degrees circumferentially to leave an open area. The third section defines an axial passageway having a distal opening and a proximal opening in communication with the open area. The axial passageway is sized to receive the previously introduced wire guide therein. The third section comprises a plurality of interconnecting links providing flexibility to the third section.
According to more detailed aspects of this embodiment, the links each include at least one of a bulb or socket, the bulb and socket sized for interconnection. The strip may include one of a plurality of holes or a plurality of slots therein providing flexibility to the second section. The strip may follow a curved path between the first and third sections, or it may follow a straight path. The first section may also comprise a plurality of interconnecting links providing flexibility to the first section.
The accompanying drawings incorporated in and forming a part of the specification illustrate several aspects of the present invention, and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
Turning now to the figures, FIGS. 1 to 3 depict a coupling wire guide 20 constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention. The coupling wire guide 20 includes a main body 22, which in
It will be recognized that the previously introduced wire guide 30, as well as the main body 22 of the coupling wire guide 20, may take numerous forms as many types of wire guides are known in the art, including a solid wire, tubular wires, coiled wires and combinations thereof. For example, the mandrel 26 of the main body 22 may be replaced with a safety wire, and likewise may not require a coil 24, but may simply comprise the mandrel itself or some variation thereof such as a solid wire mandrel having a coil tip section, such as is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 5,243,996.
As noted above, the tip portion 40 has been formed at the distal end 28 of the main body 22 to provide simple and reliable introduction of the coupling wire guide 20 over the previously introduced wire guide 30. The tip portion 40 is preferably constructed of a metal or alloy such as stainless steel or Nitinol, although other materials such as plastics may be used. A preferred method of manufacture includes laser cutting a cannula (or other tubular member), although other techniques such as molding, acid-etching or machining a solid rod may be employed. The tip portion 40 generally comprises a first section 42, a second section 44, and a third section 46. As best seen in
The second section 44 generally comprises a strip 50 which serves to provide flexibility to the tip portion 40 as well as guide the previously introduced wire guide 30 relative to the coupling wire guide 20. The strip 50 is sized to provide an opening or open area 52 (
By way of the above-described structure, the helical strip 50 defines a guiding surface 51 which guides the previously introduced wire guide 30 relative to the third section 46. For example, when the strip 50 bends such that the third section 46 of the tip portion 40 moves downwardly, as shown in
The third section 46 of the tip portion 40 comprises a tubular member 54 defining an axial passageway 56 therein. As best seen in
Accordingly, it will be recognized by those skilled in the art that the tip portion 40 of the coupling wire guide 20 provides a simple and reliable slidable connection to a previously introduced wire guide 30. That is, the axial passageway 56 receiving the previously introduced wire guide 30 may be easily accessed by way of a large opening 52, which is defined by a strip 50 that assists in guiding the previously introduced wire guide 30 away from the passageway 56. Furthermore, the tip portion 40 is provided with sufficient flexibility that is helpful when traversing the coupling wire guide 20 through the vasculature, especially tortuous pathways, and along the previously introduced wire guide 30. At the same time, a secure connection is formed between the wire guides 20, 30, and the tip portion 40 of the coupling wire guide 20 has sufficient rigidity to translate the coupling wire guide 20 over the previously introduced wire guide 30 and pass through obstructed pathways, such as those having plaque or other lesions.
An alternate embodiment of the coupling wire guide 120 has been shown in
In this embodiment, the distal end 128 of the main body 122 is constructed to include an end cap 124 which projects into the open area 152 defined by the second section 144. Notably, this end cap 124 includes an angled surface 126, designed to facilitate translation of the previously introduced wire guide away from the open area 152. It will be recognized that numerous other structures and shapes may be given to the end cap 124 to facilitate translation of the coupling wire guide 120 relative to the previously introduced wire guide, such as beveled or curved in one or multiple dimensions.
Another alternate embodiment of the coupling wire guide 220 has been depicted in
In this embodiment, the second section 244 includes a strip 250 which interconnects the first and third sections 242, 246 of the tip portion 240 and defines an open area 252. The strip 250 is structured similarly to the prior embodiments, and has a similar width and follows a similar curved helical path. However, in this embodiment the strip 250 has been formed with a plurality of holes 253 along its length. In this manner, the second section 244 and strip 250 are provided with increased flexibility, thereby providing increased mobility of the third section 246 relative to the first section 242 and main body 222. It will be recognized that the holes 253 may take many sizes and shapes, and may include varying sizes such as is shown in
Similarly, the third section 246 has been structured to improve the flexibility thereof. In particular, the third section 246 is constructed of a plurality of links 254 which are interconnected to form an axial passageway 256 sized to receive the previously introduced wire guide. Each link 254 includes at least one of a bulb 262 or socket 264 which are sized and structured for secure interconnection. In this manner, the third section 246 of the tip itself may bend in all directions to further improve the translation of the coupling wire guide 220 through the vasculature, while also providing sufficient rigidity for such movement.
Yet another alternate embodiment of the coupling wire guide 320 has been depicted in
The second section 344 of the tip portion 340 includes a strip 350 which follows a straight path and preferably spans about 270 degrees circumferentially to define an open area 352. Here, the strip 350 has been provided with a plurality of slots 353 which span a substantial portion of the width of the strip 350. It can therefore be seen that the second section 344 of the tip portion 340 is also provided with increased flexibility to improve placement of the coupling wire guide 320.
Finally, and similar to the prior embodiment discussed and shown in
The first section 442 is coupled to the distal end 428 of the main body 422 as previously discussed in prior embodiments. However, in this embodiment the first section 442 is formed as a strip 443, rather than a tubular member. The strip 443 has a curved, and preferably semi-circular, cross-sectional shape as best seen in
Another alternate embodiment of a coupling wire guide 520 is depicted in
In this embodiment, the proximal end of the third section 546 (i.e. where the second section 544 transitions into the third section 546) is beveled, and likewise the distal portion of the first section 542 (i.e. where the first section 542 transitions into the second section 544) is beveled. Stated another way, the proximal opening 558 in the third section 546 is oriented on an angle (less than 90 degrees) relative to the central axis of the coupling tip 540, and likewise the distal opening 572 of the first section 542 is oriented on an angle relative to the central axis. In this manner, when the coupling wire guide 520 has been disconnected from the previously introduced wire guide within the body (or whenever the coupling wire 520 is used alone), the smooth beveled transition between the sections 542, 544, 546 of the coupling tip 540 serves to make the coupling tip 540 more atraumatic and minimize the potential for disturbing the vasculature, lesions, protuberances or other structures such as deployed stents, etc. Preferably, the bevel angle is in the range of about 5 to 45 degrees (relative to the central axis of the coupling tip 540). In the embodiment depicted, the angle of proximal opening 558 is about 30 degrees, and the angle of distal opening 572 is about 7 degrees. It will also be seen that the beveled openings 558, 572 include a radiused fillet 562, 574 where they meet the second section 544.
The first section 542 is coupled to the distal end of the main body 522, preferably by welding as discussed in the prior embodiments. Most preferably, the first section 542 is formed as a tubular structure having a slot where a weld 580 is formed between the first section 542 and the main body 522. The areas at the ends of the tubular first section 542 may also be welded. In a preferred construction, all components of the main body 522 and coupling tip 540 are formed of a stainless steel to facility welding and uniformity of the coupling wire guide 520.
Accordingly, it will be recognized by those skilled in the art that the coupling wire guide provides simple and reliable coupling to a previously introduced wire guide through the provision of a large open area leading to an axial passageway structured to receive the previously introduced wire guide. At the same time, structures are provided to direct the previously introduced wire guide out of the open area and axial passageway. Furthermore, the tip portion is provided with a number of different features which provide increased flexibility to the tip portion of the coupling wire guide, while maintaining sufficient rigidity and strength. In this manner, the coupling wire guide is increasingly adept at traversing the vasculature, and in particular tortuous pathways, while at the same time having sufficient rigidity for straightening out these passageways and passing through occlusions or other obstacles.
The foregoing description of various embodiments of the invention has been presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Numerous modifications or variations are possible in light of the above teachings. The embodiments discussed were chosen and described to provide the best illustration of the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable one of ordinary skill in the art to utilize the invention in various embodiments and with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. All such modifications and variations are within the scope of the invention as determined by the appended claims when interpreted in accordance with the breadth to which they are fairly, legally, and equitably entitled.
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|US8503523||29 juin 2007||6 août 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Forming a representation of a video item and use thereof|
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|Classification aux États-Unis||604/533|
|Classification coopérative||A61M2025/09175, A61M2025/0915, A61M25/0905, A61M2025/09083|
|7 nov. 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOK, INCORPORATED, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MELSHEIMER, JEFFRY S.;REEL/FRAME:018496/0731
Effective date: 20061031
|20 juil. 2011||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOK MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COOK INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:026620/0512
Effective date: 20110620
|26 mai 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4