US 2143779 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
Jan. '10, 1939. G. A. KAUFMAN APPARATUS FOR STAGGER FILING METAL SHEETS 4 Sheet-Sheet 1 Original Filed Nov 12, 1934 INVENTOR W QM BY 1km ATTORNEYS.
Jain. 10, 1939. G. A. KAUFMAN 2,143,779
APPARATUS FOR STAGGER FILING METAL SHEETS Original Filed Nov\ 12, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR BiMQ/Qaufrm 9 m ATTORNEYS.
Jan. 10, 1939. G. A. KAUFMAN APPARATUS FOR STAGGER FILING METAL SHEETS Original Filed Nov. 12, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR WTORNEYS.
Jan. 10, 1939.
G. A. KAUFMAN APPARATUS FOR STAGGER FILING METAL SHEETS Original Filed Nov 12, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 452T r a 81 11 :1
73 109 115 I 11. '1 I J, 74 73 F I 73 T 73 P73 #56 78 80 77 63' 7 1 g g; 79 68 INVENTOR BY 11am 6?- KW Patented Jan. 10, 1939 PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS FOR STAGGER. FILING METAL SHEETS George A. Kaufman, Aliquippa, Pa., assignor to Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, a corporation of Pennsylvania it Original application November 12, 1934, Serial No.
' 752,792. Divided and this application November 20,- 1935, Serial No. 50,798-
My present invention relates to the handling of metal sheets and to the grouping of such sheets preparatory to heat treatment or other purpose; more especially, it concerns the piling of such sheets in staggered groups.
In accordance with known practice metal sheets are usually normalized in groups of eight. Since no particular care has heretofore been exercised in forming stacks or piles of such sheets it has been necessary to have unskilled workmen manually arrange them into groups of eight for the purpose of accommodating present normalizing furnace equipment. This means that the process of producing the final sheets is interrupted by the necessity for this manual counting and handling. Due to human limitations workmen counting out groups of eight sheets eventually reach a point where they become slow and inaccurate. This has the disadvantage of slowing up the entire process because the workmen are unable to separate stacks of sheets into groups of eight sufiiciently rapidly to maintain the normalizing equipment at its practical maximum capacity. The workmen at present employed upon such work could more advantageously be employed elsewhere in the plant and due to the nature of the work it has also beennecessary to change these men frequently because they are ineflicient for any great length of time. This manual counting and grouping is, moreover, heavy work and taxes the strengthof the workmen even for relatively short periods.
One of the objects of my invention is to eliminate this manual counting and grouping of sheets and simultaneously to speed up the production of finished sheets.
Another object is to count and group the sheets rapidly and automatically.
A further and more specific object resides in automatically segregating the sheets into groups of which each such group contains a predetermined number of sheets and in depositing such on a common pile or stack in such a manner that the groups can be readily taken therefrom without any manual counting operations and without slowingdown the production of sheets as a whole.
Another object resides in the provision of suitable apparatus for efiecting the automatic counting and piling of these sheets. a
A still further object includes electrical control means for actuating the apparatus and effecting the operations aforesaid.
Other and further objects and advantages reside in the details of construction hereinafter pointed out.
In the accompanying drawings, I have illustrated an exemplary form of apparatus together with a control system therefor embodying the present invention and wherein:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the apparatus with certain associated equipment, part of which, is for clarity, shown in section;
Fig.2 is a plan view of the apparatus shown in Fig.
Fig. 3 is an end view in elevation looking from the left of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a detail view, somewhat enlarged, taken on line IV-IV of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 5 is an electrical wiring diagram which illustrates the control system.
Similar numerals designate corresponding parts in the various views.
For the purposes of the present description I will explain my present invention in connection with the manufacture of tinplate which has been previously classified, but I am not limited in either respect since the invention is applicable to any sheet or plate material whether it has been previously classified or not so long as it bears such relation to the other operations on the particular material that my invention receives sheets or plates of material one by one from any suitable previous apparatus or process. Nor is the invention limited to the grouping of such sheets for normalizing purposes, although I have found it to be particularly advantageous in this connection. The invention is applicable to any material in sheet or plate form in which it is desired to pile or stack the same in groups each of which contains a predetermined number of such sheets or plates for any purpose whatever. Referring now to the drawings in detail and describing the invention in connection with the previous classification of tin-plate, as will be understood and appreciated from an application filed by me on Nov. 12, 1934, bearing Serial No. 752,792 and of which this application is a division, sheets are fed to the stagger piler one at a time in a relatively rapid stream by a pair of pinch rolls l0 and II. One such sheet [2 is illustrated in Fig. 2 as just about to enter the pinch rolls I0, II. The reduced necks I3 of these rolls are journalled in suitable slidable bearings I4 which in turn are connected to crosshead l5 by any suitable couplings such as metal hook and eye bolts l6, IT. This crosshead I5 has centrally attached thereto, as shown, one end of a cable l8 which passes over sheaves l9 and 20 mounted in hangers 2| and 22, respectively, which depend from the cross beam 23 forming a part of a galand adapted to partially rotate shaft 32.
lows construction designated as a whole by the numeral 2d The vertical uprights 25 of the gallows construction are provided on their inner surfaces with slideways 26 in which the bearings I4 are adapted for up and down vertical movement in response to tightening or slackening of the cable I 8 by a suitable associated drum or worm gear (not shown) on which the cable I8 is wound or unwound. These details are referred to for the purpose of clarifying those parts of the drawings relating to the associated apparatus and are not a part of the present invention which relates only to the stagger piler apparatus, the method of stagger piling and the associated electrical control system. Numeral 2611 indicates the chucks for rolls I0 and H.
A suitable cross bar 21 is rigidly mounted in the framework of the stagger piler adjacent but forward of the gallows construction and is provided with two transverse holes 28 therethrough for the reception of the rear ends of rods 29 which ex tend horizontally forwardly therefrom. These rods 29 are held in place in cross bar 21 by means of suitable nuts 30 and at their forward ends these rods are provided with a depending vertical plate 3| which acts as a stop. This stop plate 3| arrests forward motion of the sheets delivered to the apparatus and also ensures that the forward edges of the sheets are vertically aligned. It will be understood that the sheets are delivered to the stagger piler at a considerable speed and with their lateral marginal edges curved slightly upwardly due to the configuration of pinch rolls H] and H. This further serves to facilitate reception of the sheets by the mechanical fingers in proper position for rapid and accurate han dling. Suitable means is shown schematically in Fig. 1 for adjusting the pressure between the pinch rolls in known manner.
Disposed along the sides of the stagger piler are the shafts 32 which are rotatably mounted, parallel to the rods 29, in bearings 33 provided at each end of such shafts. These bearings themselves are appropriately supported by and mounted on supports 35 which are of a generally triangular shape to give maximum strength and rigidity with minimum weight. Depending from these shafts 32 and spaced therealong are mechanical fingers 35. Three such mechanical fingers are shown depending from each shaft 32, but I am not limited to this number since I can provide either less or more mechanical fingers or I can vary the spacing therebetween depending upon the size and other considerations of the particular material being handled which must be taken into account.
Mounted adjacent to each of the shafts 32 is a solenoid 36. Each solenoid is provided with a suitable solenoid core 31 extending upwardly within a casing and which is suitably electrically Wound in known manner. Each solenoid core is connected to a short vertical link 38 which in turn is connected to one (bifurcated) end of a lever 39, the other end of which is connected to It is thus apparent that when the solenoid is energized it causes partial rotation of shaft 32 and thus causes a predetermined movement of the mechanical fingers. These mechanical fingers have two positions; a forward or advanced position and a retracted position. When the mechanical fingers on one side are in operation, that is, when they are in their'advanced position and receiving sheetsas shown at the right-hand areawe side of Fig. 3, the mechanical fingers on the other side are in retracted or inoperative position. The arrangement is such that when one set of mechanical fingers is retracted for the purpose of depositing its groups of sheets in a predeter- .mined position the other set of mechanical fingers moves to a forward or advanced position ready to receive the next group of sheets.
Fig. 4 illustrates on a somewhat enlarged scale the relationship between and the construction of the mechanical fingers 35 and solenoid 36. The solenoid, or rather its casing 36, is suitably secured as by bolts 46 to side plate 41 of the stagger piler as shown. The side plate is slotted out as at 48 to permit retractive movement of fingers 35 under the urging of spring 49, one end of which is suitably secured to fingers 35 and the other end of which is suitably secured to a fixed frame portion, such as the rod 3911 depending from plate member 51. It will be clear from Fig. 4 that the normal position of fingers 35 is the retracted position and that energization of solenoid 36 causes the fingers to move into advanced position. When the solenoid is de-energized spring 49 and/or the change of position of the solenoid core 31 causes the retraction of the fingers and the depositing of the group of sheets received by such fingers in staggered position on the common pile as is shown on Fig. 4.
An incoming sheet i2 is shown in Fig. 4 in a position where it is dropping down to be received by fingers 35. This sheet has been discharged from pinch rolls l0 and H and is traveling forwardly and downwardly. Its forward movement will be arrested by stop plate 3! and its downward movement ceases when it is received on fingers 35. Figs. 3 and 4 also show three previously formed and stagger-piled groups of sheets at 241, Nb and We, as well as group I212 in process of formation and which will be deposited as per group 921).
Suitably located in the stagger piler is an electric eye installation--in this case, a photo-tube designated by the numeral 30 and this is most conveniently mounted on cross bar 21. The electric eye installation is connected to the control system by suitable wiring within cable 4| running to a control box 32 mounted on the gallows construction 25. There is-also provided a source of light diagrammatically indicated by the numeral 43 which is so mounted that its beam of light is normally received by the electric eye All. This source of light is also connected by suitable wiring in cable 64 to the control system to be hereinafter described. Cable 45 carries wires or connections which electrically connect control box 42 into the electrical system. Electric eye 40 and light source 43 are so relatively disposed that sheets of material delivered to the stagger piler pass therebetween and hence interrupt the beam of light, advantage of which fact is taken for counting the sheets and for controlling their disposition in staggered relationship upon the common pile of sheets. Both member 40 and member 43 are shown diagrammatically, it being understood that in constructional details they may be of any desired or suitable nature.
In Fig. 5 I have illustrated a preferred form of electrical actuating and control system for operating the stagger-piler and carrying out the method therein involved. The numeral-50 represents a notched switch. This switch may have any suitable number of notches but is usually provided with ten notches as shown. This makes it possible to count-and hence to stagger pile- .the sheets in groups containing from .1 to 10 sheets as may be desired or as may be preselected.
Switch 56 is provided with switch element which is manually preset at the desired notch. In Fig. 5 it is apparent that this switch element has been preset. on notch (contact) No. .8 and hence the apparatus is set to operate upon groups of 8 sheets. As each sheet passes between light source 43 and the electric eye installation 40, which in this case is a photo-tube, the photo-tube is energized and sets up a feeble electrical current of microvolt proportions, This current (when amplified) is utilized to actuate-switch element 52 which advances onenotch or contact each time a sheet passes between the source of light and the photo-tube and hence each time the photo-tube 40 is energized. When switch element 52 reaches notch No. 8 it is then electrically connected to preset switch element 5|, i. e., 5| and 52 are then in the same circuit. Thereupon switch element 52 immediately snaps back to zero position ready to start another eight (8) notching movements. When switch elements 52 and 5| are electrically connected as above pointed out,
that one of'the solenoids 36 is energized whose mechanical fingers have been in retracted position, the retracted position being maintained by a spring as already explained. As above explained, the energization of that solenoid turns shaft 32 and thus moves the corresponding mechanical fingers into advanced position, As they move into advanced position, the other set of mechanical fingers move into retracted position and carry with them for a short distance the group of eight sheets deposited thereon due to their weight and friction and the angle of the faces of the fingers. Near the end of their retracting movement the retracting mechanical fingers drop the group of eight sheets and they thus go onto the common pile with their outer lateral edges projecting beyond the normal plane of the pile. The advancing set of mechanical fingers receives the next group of eight (8) sheets and when they retract they deposit the group of eight (8) sheets in such manner that they laterally project from the opposite side of the pile. This continues as long as desired. The sheets in staggered groups are received by a truck 46 which, when full, is removed and replaced by an empty truck.
Since the current set-up by the energization of photo-tube 40 is of microvolt proportions, as stated, it is too weak in and of itself to effect the desired or recited electrical operations. For this reason, we amplify the current to suitable and useful proportions by means of the Thyratron 1 tube 53 and the Pliotron tube 54, which are threeelement amplifying tubes. The feeble current is passed through potentiometers 55, 55a which control the sensitivity of the tubes 53 and 54.
Thence the current passes through any one or 1 filaments 59 thereof. This amplified current then relays 6| and 63 are dropped out and relay 65 is picked up and sealed in, breaking one seal in the circuit of relay 64s0 that when relay 63 is again picked up relay 64 is dropped out and then when relay 63 is dropped out relay 65 drops out also. This results in resetting the electrical equipment for another cycle and it is apparent that the counting of the next group of sheets is already taking place during these electrical operations and it is apparent that they must be effected rapidly in order to be ready to repeat the cycle when the next group of sheets has been counted.
The solenoids 36 shown on Fig. 3 are electrically designated by the same numerals in Fig. 5 and it will be observed from the electrical connections that these solenoids are alternately energized through the normally open contactor 66 and the normally closed contactor 61, respectively, The
. numeral 68 on Fig. 5 indicates a magnetic counting device which may or may not be used as desired or required. A suitable switch is provided for rendering the same either operative or inoperative. This magnetic counter when in operation merely counts the total number of sheets which have been received by the stagger piler so that the number of sheets on the pile is always known and so that any given number of sheets can be stagger piled if it is desired to have a definite total-number. of sheets in the pile.
It is thus apparent that the current set up by the energization of photo-tube 40 is first amplified by the Pliotron tube 54 and this current is then applied to the grid of Thyratron tube 53. The amplified current trips the Thyratron tube and starts current flowing to the coil of control relay 66 passing through a fuse 69. The potentiometers 55, 55a can be so adjusted that the circuits are provided with the proper sensitivity values for the range of illumination change on which operation .is desired or necessitated. The operations can be effected either from increase of light received by photo-tube 40 or decrease of light received by photo-tube 40 and for this purpose we provided changeover switch 16 which enables either type of change to effect the operation as above outlined. g
Referring again to Fig, 5, alternating current of 110 volts and 60 cycles enters the control system at contacts H and 12, the current carrying lines being designated for convenience as L1 and L2. One branch of lines L1 and L2 forms a circuit for solenoids 36 and their switches 66 and 61. This constitutes the lower portion of Fig. 5. The solenoids and their switches just referred to are connected across the circuit in parallel as shown. The relays 64 and 65, together with suitable magnetic switches 13 adapted to open and close in response to relay changes are also connected .across this circuit. Relay 63 is connected into the circuit directly and also through resistor"! and condenser 15 and is provided with a magnetic switch 16 operable in response to changes in relay 63. At the terminus of the circuit, as shown in the lower righthand corner of Fig. 5, magnetic counting switch 68 (a copper oxide rectifier) is provided which, by means of a transformer 11 is suitably connected into the circuit via resistor T8 and condenser 19. Switches 80 serve to control counter 6B.
Primary. coil of transformer BI is connected across lilies L1 and L2 and the secondary coil thereof has two branch lines. One branch includes source of light 43 which is connected to the secondary coil as shown at the center and lower contacts thereof. The other branch leads from the center and upper contacts to primary around relay 6| to switch element 5|.
the same branch line as 82.
Copper oxide rectifier 84 is connected to L2 and to contact 85 through a transformer 85.
Connections lead from rectifier 84 to provide a circuit in which switch 50 is connected as shown. 'I'hiscircuit includes relays GI and contactors 62 with their associated switches. Switch element 52 is actuated by the alternate closing and opening of switch 81, controlled by relay 88 with its resistor 89. Resistor 90 is connected One terminal of photo-tube 40 is grounded at tube 54 through a condenser 9|. Grid 58 of tube 54 is connected into this line between condenser 9| and the photo-tube 40. At the common contact 94, a resistance 93 is connected to ground as shown at 95. Plate 51 of tube 54 is connected to the lower contact of secondary transformer coil 56 Filament 59 of tube 54 is connected to the upper and lower contacts of secondary transformer coil 56d. The filament 59 of tube 53 is connected to the upperand lower terminals of secondary transformer coils 56a. Plate 51 of tube 53 is connected to one side of the coil 96 of relay 60 through a fuse 69. The grid 58 of tube 53 is connected to changeover switch 10, between which is resistor 91 and condenser 98.
The other terminal of photo-tube 40 is connected to contact 99 of potentiometer 55a. Potentiometer 55a is interconnected to potentiometer 55 as shown. Contact 99 of potentiometer 55a is also connected to the lower contact of secondarytransformer coil 56e. Contact I of potentiometer 55 is connected to ground at l0 I and leading from this same contact is a connecswitch 10 through a condenser I02 and the upper contact of secondary transformer coil 560 is alsoconnected to changeover switch 10. A suitable resistance I03 is provided between the stated connections between changeover switch -10 and secondary transformer coil 55c. I
The center contact of secondary transformer coil 56d, besides being connected to potentiometer 55, is connected to contact I04 of resistor I05 and condenser I06. This same contact is also connected to changeover switch 10. The lower contact of secondary transformer coil 56e is con nected to contact 99 of potentiometer 55a. The upper contact of this same coil isconnected to contact I00 of potentiometer 55. The upper contact of secondary transformer coil 55f is connected to changeover switch and also to the other side of. resistor contact I01. a
Contact I08 of relay 60 is connected to ter- 7 minal I09 of a switch IIO, the other terminal II I I05 and condenser I 06 at.
switch H3 and relay H4 to rectifier 84. Condenser I I5 is connected in around rectifier 84.
The sequence of operations occurring in the system of Fig. 5 will be clear from the foregoing description and explanation.
I wish it further understood that while I have shown the light source 43 and photo-tube'40 to be so relatively disposed that the sheets pass therebetween I could also have both elements on the same side of the sheets so that the operations result from reflected light rather than from a direct beam of light. This can be resorted to chiefly in those cases where space limitations require such as I find that ordinarily the arrangement shown provides better and more dependthe arrangement shown is better and also results in more rapid actuation of the system because a given amount of light is received by the phototube in a shorter period of time and the sensitivity of the system need not be so great.
I believe that it will be clear from the foregoing that metal sheets are received one by one preferably in a continuous stream by the stagger piler and that in accordance with the presetting of the switch 50 these sheets can be formed into groups each containing a given number of sheets and so deposited on a common pile that alternate groups project laterally from opposite sides of the pile. Thus all that has to be done manually is to pick off each group of eight sheetsand put it on a conveyor or other apparatus which delivers it to the annealing equipment which is most frequently adapted to handle eight sheets at a time. It will further be apparent that this method and apparatus of stagger piling sheets does not result in a slow point in the complete processing and handling of the sheets. I find that the stagger piler will handle sheets as rapidly as they can be fed thereto and there is no difficulty in handling hundreds of sheets per minute with this invention.
-I have, moreover, decreased the ultimate cost of the sheets not only by speeding up the process as a whole but by the elimination of a certain amount of unskilled labor which has been found to be comparatively undependable particularly due to the monotonous or tedious nature of the work. My process and apparatus has other advantages which will be appreciated by those skilled in this art and although I have described my method and apparatus in connection with just previously classified tin-plate, I can equally well handle by the present invention sheets of Y Letters Patent is: 1
'1. In a stagger piler apparatus of the kind described, a pair of shafts, retractable mechanical fingersdepending from each of the pair of shafts, solenoid means associated with each such shaft,
an actuating circuit for each solenoid means,
linkage between said shafts and solenoid means, automatic means to impart rotary movement to 2'. An apparatus for stagger-piling metal sheets comprising means for delivering a stream of such sheets one-by-one, optical-electrical means traversed by each sheet and energized by the movement of such sheets therepast, means for amplifying the current set up by said optical-electrical means, opposed sets of mechanical fingers for receiving a pre-selected number of sheets and for depositing them in oppositely offset position, a solenoid controlling each set of such mechanical fingers and means, actuated by said amplified current, for alternately energizing said solenoids and actuating said sets of mechanical fingers, whereby groups of sheets are formed and alternate groups deposited in staggered position on a common pile.
3. A stagger-piler for metal sheets comprising partially rotatable shafts, mechanical fingers depending from each shaft and adapted to move back and forth through an arcuate path in response to partial shaft rotations, a solenoid for each shaft, a solenoid core in each solenoid movable upwardly and downwardly when the solenoid is energized and deenergized, linkages between said solenoid cores and said shafts whereby linear movements of said cores are translated into partial shaft rotations, a control system to which said solenoids are connected, a source of light and a photo-tube between which each sheet delivered to the stagger-piler passes, connections between said light source and photo-tube and said control system, the construction and arrangement being such that the mechanical fingers on the shafts aforesaid alternately receive a preselected number of sheets and deposit those sheets in staggered relationship on a pile.
4. A stagger-piler for metal sheets comprising partially rotatable shafts, mechanical fingers depending from each shaft and adapted to move back and forth through an arcuate path in response to partial shaft rotations, a solenoid for each shaft, a solenoid core in each solenoid movable upwardly and downwardly when the solenoid is energized and deenergized, linkages between said solenoid cores and said shafts whereby linear movements of said cores are translated into partial shaft rotations, a control system to which said solenoids are connected, a source of light and a photo-tube between which each sheet delivered to the stagger-piler passes, connections between said light source and photo-tube and said control system, the construction and arrangernent being such that the mechanical fingers on the shafts aforesaid alternately receive a preselected number of sheets and deposit those sheets in staggered relationship on a pile, a pair of pinch rolls for delivering sheets to said fingers in a slightly bowed condition and spring means for urging said mechanical fingers to a retracted position.
5. An apparatus for stagger-piling metal sheets as they are delivered from a classifying device comprising means for discharging such sheets in slightly bowed condition from said classifying device to said stagger-piler, a source of light and a photocell between which said sheets pass upon their discharge, opposed sets of mechanical fingers so disposed and actuated as to alternately receive groups of sheets and to place them in laterally onset position in a common pile, solenoids linked to and actuating said mechanical fingers and an electrical control system, in which said photocell and solenoids areincluded, having means for causing predetermined numbers of sheets to be alternately received by said sets of mechanical fingers and deposited in laterally displaced position relative to the center line of such pile.
6. An apparatus for stagger piling metal sheets as they are delivered from an associated classifier comprising a source of light and a photocell between which said sheets pass upon their discharge, means for discharging such sheets from tne classifier to the stagger-piler in slightly bowed condition between said source of light and photocell, means controlled by the passage of sheets as aforesaid for causing only a predetermined number of sheets to be collected as a group, a set of mechanical fingers adapted when advanced to receive such group and, when retracted, to deposit the same in ofiset position relative to the center line of the resultant pile, means controlled by the photocell to effect advance and retraction of such mechanical fingers, a second set of mechanical fingers which advances to receive the next group of sheets when said first set of fingers retracts and which retracts to deposit the received sheets in oppositely offset position in the pile when the first set of fingers advances, means also controlled by said photocell to effect such movements of said second set of fingers and means for varying the number of sheets per group.
7. stagger piling apparatus for forming ,metal sheets into separate groups of sheets each containing the same number of sheets and for piling said groups in staggered formation which comprises means for feeding such sheets one by one, a first means adapted to receive a predetermined number of such sheets and disposed in sheet-receiving position, a second means out of sheet-receiving position and adapted to be moved into sheet-receiving position and means for caus ing said first means to move out of sheet-receiving position and said second means to move into sheet-receiving position and to alternately effect such movement so long as sheets are being fed thereto.
8. Stagger piling apparatus for forming metal-- sheets into separate groups of sheets each containing the same number of sheets and for piling such groups in staggered formation which comprises means for feedingsuch sheets one by one, a first means adapted to receive a predetermined number of such sheets and disposed in sheet-receiving position, a second means out of sheet-receiving position and adapted to be moved into sheet-receiving position and means for causing said first means to move out of sheet-receiving position and said second means to move into sheet-receiving position and to alternately effect such movement so long as sheets are being fed thereto, said first and second means being actuated and controlled by said sheets when the same are intermediate the feeding means and either sheet-receiving means.
9. Apparatus for stagger piling sheets to form the same into groups each of which contains a predetermined number of sheets and for piling such groups in staggered formation which comprises means for feeding such sheets one by one, a first set of fingers initially in sheet-receiving position, a second set of fingers initially out of sheet-receiving position, means actuated and controlled by the sheets when they are intermediate the feeding means and either of the sets of fingers aforesaid for causing the first set of fingers to retract and to deposit the sheets received by it as an ofiset group after a predetermined number of sheets has been deposited thereon, for causing the second set of fingers to advance into sheet-receiving position to receive the next group of sheets and for continuing alternately to retract and advance said sets of fingers and means for predetermining the number of sheets per group so received and deposited.
10. Apparatus for stagger piling metal sheets which comprises means for feeding such sheets one by one, a set of fingers disposed adjacent each end of the feeding means on the delivery side thereof, a light source-photocell system disposed between said sets of fingers and electromagnetic means connecting said light source-photocell system and said sets of fingers, whereby the feeding of the sheets actuates and controls said light source-photocell system and hence said sets of areavve fingers in such manner that the sheets are formed into successive groups each containing the same number of sheets and the groups are alternately deposited in laterally offset position on a common pile.
11. In an apparatus of the kind described, means for delivering metal sheets to be piled, piling means for automatically depositing the sheets in staggered groups and pre-selecting means for determining the number of sheets in each group, said piling means including solenoidcontrolled, sheet-receiving supporting fingers having an advanced and a retracted position and an operatively associated electrical circuit, said Dre-selecting means including an electric eye installation connected in such circuit and which, after the passage of the pre-selected number of sheets, energizes said electrical circuit for actuating said fingers.
GEORGE A. KAUFMAN.