US 234492 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
D. W. BEAM.
No. 234,492. Patented Nov. 16, I880.
Unwrap STATES A'EENT FFICE.
DAVID IV. REAM, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 234,492, dated November 16, 1880. Application filed July 16, 1879.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, DAVID W. BEAM, of the city of Detroit, county of WVayne, and State of Michigan, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Stencils, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to the painting ofletters and other designs by means of stencils constructed as shown in Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings, instead of by means of the old forms of stencils represented in Fig. 2 of said drawings.
Heretofore stencils have been made by leaving strips of the same material'ot' which the stencil is made to bind the letters or design together, as shown in Fig.2, where the letters (J 0 represent the original plate, and the letters I) D the apertures formed therein to make the design. The said strips leave a blank to be filled in, and the part thus filled in shows dif ferent from that which is steuciled, and therefore does not make a uniform job. In the second place, stencils made in this way are not durable, especially when made of paper. The binders soon give way, rendering the stencils useless. These objections I obviate by the application of the wire binder A B, Fig. 1, in such manner as to bind together and retain the form of the letter or design to be stenciled. In this manner a perfect letter or design may be painted on without leaving any trace of the binder.
My stencils are made from either paper or cloth, or a combination of the two, in the following manner, to wit: First make out the design to be stenciled then place the wires across where supports B B, Fig. 1, or binders A A, Fig. 1, are required. Secure the wires to the stencils by covering them over with strips of cloth or paper applied with a preparation of shellac and alcohol, or other suitable adhesive substance, firmly pressing the same on the wires. Then cover the whole surface of the stencil with oiled paper, muslin, or other sufficicntly-transparent fabrics through which the tracings of the design can be discerned. Then with a stencil-knife cut out the design, leaving but the bare wires crossing the same. The wire binder is applied to the metallic stencil in the following manner, to wit: Lay out the design and mark out where the binders are required and cut the edges of the design where the wires cross before attaching the Wires. Then from the back of the plate, and near the edge of the design, out a small oblong hole, leaving turned-up edges on the face of the plate place the wires between the edge; then flatten down and solder edges.
To apply the stencils, mix the paint to the consistency of a paste and apply with a stencil-brush. Before removing the stencil, take a dry brush and brush lightly over the stenciled surface, which gives it a smooth and finished appearance.
\Vhat I claim as my invention, and wish to secure by Letters Patent, is-
A stencil-plate provided with binding-wires passing across the apertures forming the design, whereby the said apertures are substantially unobstructed, and all parts of the plate are bound together and held in proper place, substantially as shown and described.
DAVID W. BEAM.
G. W. SHULTS, G. H. JOHNSTON.