US 2432012 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
- B. w. HANLE 2,432,012
J9 Bey2i$$ nle WRITING PEN Filed Nov. so, 1944 ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 2, 1947 Benjamin- W. Hanle; Elizabeth, N. J.,- assignor to Eagle Pencil Company, a-corporat-ion of Delaware 'ApiilicationNovmher so, i'e i ipseriarnoks5;922
11 Claims. 1
The present invention relates to dip pens-and has more particular application to such asare "capable of Writing a page or-more on a single dip.
Where a pen nib is made with an auxiliary nib reservoir, its manufacture inherently adds to same time causing deviations from 'its predetermined flexibility and other writingcharacteristics.
Where on the other hand, the auxiliary ink capacity is incorporated in the holder, the-latter becomes expensive in construction in that it partakes of many of the complications ofa fountain pen-and greater difiiculty is entailed in'the regulation and control of ink inthe writing operation.
It'is among the objects of the invention'to-provide a dip pen which is devoid of an ink vessel, either on the nib or in the holder, but which yet holds'a volume of ink onasingle-din-suflicient for the Writing of a page or more, which-:it-releases at desired rate in writing.
Among other objects are to provide a dip-pen of the above character, in'Which the holder-may be fashioned of a single unitary integral piece without auxiliary nib holding clamps, -the-construction of which involves no added-weight-or loss of balance or deviation from' the weight ef stroke made by a nib of given hardness or softness,'and from which the wet nib may be 'removed by the bare hand without soiling-the fingers.
:shown one 'of various possible embodiments ldf the several features of the invention,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view'of the writing l en. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view in longitudinal cross-section and on alarger.scaleftakeneoniline 2-2 of Fig. 1,
.Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view'in cross-s'ection on like scale-and taken on line 3 3-of Fig. 2,
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view on an 2 inlar'ged scale taken on lined- 4 of Fig. 1,' and l Fig. 5'iisafpersp'ective' view of the pen nib.
Referring now to the drawings, the pen holder in maybe asingle unitary piece of appropriate :5 material, such as plastic, metal, impregnated woodyor the like. It is illustratively shown with a flattened letter opening "upper end I I and a pe- -ripherallyreduced'grip portion l2 near its writ- -ing end, Whic'h'latter end is tapered 'laterallyias IO-besFshOWn-in'Fig. 3' to a narrow rounded end 13. shown; the pen holder hasa longitudinal slot or bifurcation'pre'ferablyaplane slot'l l' across the ntire widtho'f-the tapered writing end thereof. That bifurcation is desirably of length in the r order" of T /8 inch "and" aifordsa gap of thickness in the-order-of 1020 inch. 'In' a preferred'em- *bodiment, thewriting end W of the pen is conical as shown, =that-'is, iit is uniformly tapered'in every'longitudinalplane'as shown. If desired, '20 "the otherwise conical conformation could be fiattened; cutaway orntherwise formed at opposite sides of the bifurcation, without interference with the functionalrelationship 'of this bifurca- -'-tion oftheholder to the penni'b,"to be described ---loelow.
'T-he pennib best shown in Fig. 5 -is-preferably -a=unitary stamping-having a-fiat body l5, gen- --.erally triangular in contour and of length pref erably slightly greater than that of the bifurca- -tion 1in the holder, so "that nearly the entire length of said nib: maybe I accommodated within the bifurcationfor its narrow Wn'ting-end'l5' only, which is'desirably equipped with'an iridium point i6=to protru'debeyond the pen holder as -Desirably the pen nib is so conformed that it --may readilybe introduced into the holder, with- "Out --the"possibi1ity of entering "into skew or olfcenter relation, -that it will-inherently be fric- 40 --tional-ly held in pla-cein the holder, and thatit will afford an open capillaryspace with-respect to the bifurcation for holding a volume of ink sufficient fer sustained writingofea page or more in=one-dip. To'this-end,the pen nibis formed with symmetricaltguide conformations relative-t0 the holder, *which conformations also exert-friction against the holderto assist iii-maintaining the nib in; place.
-In thespecific-embodiment shown, thep'en' nib is provided with one or more pairs of clamp jaws integral therewith, desirably two pairs, one :pair .l-l being near the-root or *baseend of the-nib, and the second pair lS'at a 'substantial'distance therefromas-shown,g-and-slightly beyond the lon- -gitudina1s1it +9-at the writing end '-of the-.mb'.
bifurcation will inherently embrace and clasp;
the writing end of the holder adjacent the lateral edges of the bifurcation, with the root end 2| of the nib spaced slightly from the end 20 of the bifurcation. The jaws are preferably slightly curved inward and toward grip l2 and are conformed for snug accommodation of their inner faces against the face of the holder, as shown. The pen nib thus becomes automatically centered in the bifurcation and the jaw pairs I1 and IS in frictionally grasping the holder help to retain the nib in place.
While the jaws I l and I8 could be so conformed as in themselves to provide substantial friction, it is preferred to provide one or more embossments 22, desirably near the root end of the nib which afford enhanced frictional hold with respect to the wall of the bifurcation I l in the holder, thereby to avoid any inadvertent or undesired displacement of the pen nib during use.
Preferably, the thickness of the pen nib is but half or less than half the thickness of the bifurcation l4, so that adequate capillary space is left between the walls of the bifurcation and the faces of the pen nib. Further to enhance the capillary ink space, the pen nib may be laterally cut away as at 23 between the pairs of clamp jaws I! and I 8.
In a preferred embodiment shown, substantially the entire body of the pen nib is retained within the pen holder and only the short pointed end l5, preferably only a length of between and inch protruding. Accordingly the writing point receives adequate face support in use.
On a single dip, desirably to a level near the upper pair of clamps ll, ink will be retained not only in the flat space between the bifurcation walls [4 and the faces of the nib, but also in the segment shaped openings 23 between the faces of the nib. All of these spaces are capillary in character, but conjointly they retain suificient ink to permit writing of a page or more on a single clip. The capillary space effectively holds the ink against overfeed or blotting, yet readily releases the ink in the Writing operation, at that rate appropriate to the hardness of the pen nib.
The pen nib even when wet with ink may be withdrawn without soiling the fingers by pushing the finger nail against the extreme edge of a clamp jaw I! to loosen it and by then grasping said dry outer clamp jaws H for removal of the nib.
As many changes could be made in the above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope of the claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
' 1. A writing pen, comprising a unitary holder having a tapered writing end longitudinally bifurcated, a generally triangular pen nib fitted in said bifurcation and extending substantially the length thereof, with the pointed end only thereof protruding, said bifurcation being of proper width to afford an open capillary space with respect to said nib, said nib having means unitary therewith frictionally, but releasably retaining the same in position.
2. A writing pen, comprising a holder having an integral tapered writing end with a slot longitudinally and symmetrically thereof, a generally triangular pen nib of length slightly greater than said slot to extend substantially the entire length thereof and to protrude therefrom only at its writing point, said slot being of proper width to afford an open capillary space with respect to said pen nib, said nib having means unitary therewith, coacting with said holder to center the same for alignment of its length midway between the lateral edges of the slot and holding the same in writing position.
3. A writing pen, comprising a holder having a conical writing end with a slot longitudinally and symmetrically thereof, a generally triangular pen nib of length somewhat greater than said slot to extend the entire length thereof and to protrude therefrom only at its writing point, said slot being of proper width to afford an open capillary space with respect to said pen nib, said nib having a guiding conformation unitary therewith, frictionally coacting with said holder to center the same for alignment of its length midway between the lateral edges of the slot and holding the same in writing position.
4. A writing pen, comprising a holder having a conical writing end with a longitudinally symmetrical bifurcation therein and a pen nib of length somewhat greater than that of said bifurcation, of area to be accommodated in said bifurcation with the point thereof protruding, said pen nib being spaced from said holder to define an ink reservoir therebetween, said nib having conformations integral therewith for frictional and guiding coaction with said bifurcated holder.
5. A writing pen, comprising a holder having a tapered writing end symmetrically and longitudinally bifurcated, a flat generally triangular pen nib fitted therein and of length greater than said bifurcation with its writing end only protruding therefrom, said pen nib being spaced from said holder to define an ink reservoir therebetween, said nib having guide means coacting with said holder automatically to position the same in symmetrical relationship when inserted and having a further conformation coacting with the bifurcation wall for enhancing the frictional engagement of the nib in the holder.
6. A writing pen, comprising a holder with a conical end longitudinally bifurcated symmetrically thereof, a flat pen nib of length greater than said bifurcation extending nearly to the base thereof with its pointed end only protruding therefrom, said pen nib being spaced from said holder to define an ink reservoir therebetween, said nib having lateral means unitary with its 0D- posite edges, embracing the corresponding edges of the holder at one side of the bifurcation and thereby centering and tending to hold the nib in place;
define an ink reservoir therebetween, said nib having lateral means unitary with its opposite edges, embracing the corresponding edges of the holder at one side of the bifurcation and thereby centering and tending to hold the nib in place, said nib also having embossments in the face thereof for frictional engagement with a bifurcation wall.
8. A pen nib, comprising a fiat generally triangular metal stamping having two pairs of aligned nib centering and mounting clamping tongues extending obliquely inward from the lateral edges thereof, the pen nib being laterally cut away between said pairs of clamping tongues for enhanced accommodation of ink between said pairs of clamping tongues.
9. A flat generally triangular pen nib having a writing end, and a mounting end, said nib having unitary centering guide formations arranged symmetrically thereof and protruding from the plane thereof and serving also for frictional engagement in a holder for said nib, said nib also having one or more embossments in the face thereof to assist in the frictional hold thereof.
10. A pen nib, comprising a substantially fiat plate of sheet metal having a writing point and a mounting end, said nib having two pairs of opposed nib centering and mounting clamping tongues extending inward from the lateral edges thereof, embossments protruding from a face of said pen nib, said pen nib being cut away and reduced in width along the length thereof between said pairs of clamping tongues for enhanced accommodation of ink between said pairs of clamping tongues.
11. A unitary pen holder having a conical writing end symmetrically bifurcated along the length of said taper for accommodating a pen nib therein, said bifurcation afiording frictional hold for a nib and also forming an ink reservoir.
BENJAMIN W. HANLE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,328,116 Weigel Aug. 31, 1943 2,019,734 Sager Nov. 5, 1935 10,192 Towers Nov. 1, 1853 417,704 Clemens Dec. 24, 1889 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 27,782 Great Britain 1909
Citations de brevets