US 2470026 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
May 10, 1949. v R. R. FREUND OBSTETRICAL AND FRAC'I'URE ATTACHMENT FOR BED STRUCTURES Filed Aug. 11, 1944 I BY ' dles the Patented May 10, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE OBSTETRICAL AND FRACTURE ATTACH- 'MENT FOR BED STRUCTURES Robert R. Freund, Mount Carmel, 11]. Application August 11, 1944, Serial No. 548,986
This invention relates to an articulated bed which is peculiarly applicable to obstetrical and fracture use.
The chief object of the present invention is to provide an articulated bed with certain accessories whereby the aforesaid uses may be effected.
The bed embodying this invention includes at least a seat section, a head section and a leg section with foot rest. A frame pivotally supports the first two sections and the latter section is pivotally connected to the seat section. Since this bed so far described is the subject matter, together with the specific power for tilting the several sections relative to each other, is disclosed and claimed in Patent No. 2,452,366, further disclosure is intentionally omitted herefrom.
The seat section includes a central opening with which is associated a bed pan and a plug structure. The specific details thereof and its power, etc., is the subject matter of Patent No. 2,443,905, so such details also are omitted herefrom.
The bed includes a lavatory fixture that stradbed and is pivoted thereon, and herein to opposite sides of the head section. Such fixture includes not and cold water supplies to a faucet, discharging to a basin or bowl having a waste from the fixture. The latter is tiltable and hence adjustable. The specific details of such fixture and its support, etc., is omitted herefrom, since it also is the subject matter of still another application, see Lavatory and like articulated bed, Serial No. 548,981, filed August 11, 1944.
The chief feature of the present invention resides in the selective positioning upon a bed of the aforesaid type of an adjustable structure suitable for use in fracture and obstetric cases.
Other objects and features of the invention will be set forth more fully hereinafter.
The full nature of the invention will be understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claims:
In the drawings Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an articulated bed arranged in position for obstetric use, the bed pan thereof being exposed and the sanitary fixture positioned thereabove, the fracture and obstetric attachment being shown attached to the tiltable seat section, dotted lines indicating a second position thereof when attached to the frame.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of a portion of the obstetric attachment.
In Fig. l, H] indicates a frame supported by casters H and braces l2, when desired. Pivotally supported upon the frame and straddled thereby 2 is head section l3. Similarly supported is a seat section 14 having a central opening 15 therein to receive a plug or a bed pan It, the latter being shown. Leg section I! is pivoted upon seat section M at l3 and mounts an adjustable foot rest l9, see Patent No. 2,452,366.
Herein the head section is shown positioned substantially horizontal, the seat section is tilted upwardly about 15 to 20 degrees and the leg section is dropped, although it is not fully lowered as illustrated.
Pivotally supported and secured on the head section at 2B are tubular arms 2|, which are extensible and have inwardly directed ends 22 which support a sanitary fixture 23 having basin 24, faucet 25, hot and cold water valves 26 and cover 21, see application Serial No. 548,981, filed August 11, 194.4, and entitled Lavatory and like for articulated bed.
The water supplies to the valves enter at the open end of one tubular arm and the waste from basin 24 leaves from the other arm.
The foregoing constitutes, in brief, an articulated bed suitable for the purposes described hereinbefore.
Each side member of the frame of the seat section I4 includes a socket formed by spaced straps 30 on the side members. This socket seats or nests the butt end 3| of post or standard 32. Herein same is tubular and provided with a longitudinal series of openings 33.
A pair of T fittings 34 are slidably supported on the upper ends of the standards and may be clamped by thumbscrews 35, or the latter may seat in openings 33. The midportions of the Ts confront each other and support tubular cross member 36, which has a telescopic connection for adjusting the length and is secured by clamp screw 31.
The resulting structure is a comparatively rigid frame of inverted U-shape. Each side Of the frame ill, see Fig. 1, dotted lines at 38 includes a socket for receiving butt 3|. Since these sockets are farther apart than sockets 3D, cross member 36 must be extensible for interchangeable positioning of the superposed frame.
When this frame is positioned, as shown dotted, the same can support block and tackle structures, etc., for fracture purposes, etc., and other purposes.
Also for fracture cases each standard may slidably support (one only is herein illustrated) a T member 39 having arm I40 and same may be clamped on the standard by thumbscrew I4 in the adjusted longitudinal, as well as rotational position, as required or desired. Naturally, when only one unit is desired, but one standard 32 and one arm I M will be utilized. Universal adaptability, accordingly, is obtainable from the structure so far described.
Reference will now be had to the upper right hand portion of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2. Slidably supported on each standard 32 is tubular member 40 mountin the clamping thumbscrew ll whereby the'member'may be adjustably secured upon standard at the proper elevation and at the proper angle.
Tubular member 40 includes a lateralrbore'43, which slidably and rotatably supports rod '44 clamped by a similar thumbscrew 45. The end of rod 44 has pinned as at 46 a ball socket member ii! provided with a cap member retained by thumbscrew 49 and clamping therein, in adjusted position, the ball 50 carrying the member 5|.
*Mern-ber iil has secured to it atits'upper end the angular leg channel- 52. provided with the leg retaining strap structure 53. Channel "52 in- -cludes therod extensions 54, Which slidably and adjustablymount the foot plate Thumbscrew 56 rigidly clamps the foot-supporting plate 55 in '*theadj-usted"position. Strap structuresfigi is associated with the plate for leg-andfoot retention.
For obstetrical use "the bed sections bed pan,
*sanitary deVice and'overhead frame with leg clamps are positioned as illustrated. The
patients-legs arespread apart for delivery and bent at the hip and knee and patient pressure can be applied against the'foot plates to expediteand assist" in the-birth.
Ahose til from the fauce't 25 can supply wash -water"and the waste candrain to bed pan l6, which also can receive the blood, Water, after birth, etc.
Thesa-nitaryfixtureoverlies the motherso that instruments, if required, may bedeposited on the sanitary-"fixture at-each-sideof the-basin.
The latter also may contain a sterilizingsolution. "All'of the aforesaid permits the attending physician to devote the necessary time to the-patient and" Withoutdnterrupt-ion.
The bedstructure-as illustrated also readily lendsitself to vaginal-and rectal examinati0n L purposes and treatments.
While'the invention has been illustrated and described in great detail in the drawingsand foregoing 'descriptiomthe same isto be considered 'asi'llustrative andnot restrictive in-c-haracter.
' The *several' modifications described herein as The invention claimed is: 1.-A- knee clamp structure-including a supporting standard, a socket member having two transversely disposed adjacent sockets therethrough, the standard extending through one for axial and rotatable adjustment of the member thereon, a rod longitudinally and rotatably adjustable in the other socket of said member substantially transverse to the standard, a ball and socket connection at one end of the rod, a knee clamp, and :clamp support means carried by one portion of said connectio-n and interposed between the connection and clamp for adjustable support thereof.
2; Structure as defined by claim 1 wherein there isprovided a foot rest, an extension from the knee clamp and adjustably supporting the foot rest and means securing the rest upon the extension for adjusting the rest relative to the knee clamp.
'3. In combination for an articulated bed, an inverted U-shaped frame adapted for support -by the-becland having its cpposite=ends supportable inter-mediate the endsof the bednand by the bed, knee clamps, means adjustably mounting each of. the clamps upon-the frame, a
foot support for each clamp, andmeans-adjustably connecting each support to its respective -clamp,zthe means connecting'the clamp and framecomprising-a ball joint structure.
4. In combination for an articulatedi bed an inverted U-shaped frameadapted for support bythe and-having its opposite ends supportable intermediate the 'ends' of the-bed and by -the bed, knee clamps, means adjustably "mounting each of the clamps upon the frame, a footsupport for each clamp,-and means adjustably connecting each support-to its respective clamp, the inverted- U-shaped frameincluding a linearly adjustable midportion.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of recordfiin the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,039,708 .Denquer Oct.'1, 1912 1,573,980 Liptay 'Feb,"23, I926 1,607,168 Murphy N0v."16,' 1926 1,622,313 Gellhorn Mar.'29,"1927 1,652,065 'Tascarella Dec. 6, 1927 2,120,732 Comper et a1 June'14,"1938 2,306,031 Anderson et al Dec."22, "1942 2,366,972 Lawrence Jan; 9, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS .Number Country Date '25;041 Great "Britain 1908 598,329 Germany June'l1, 1-934
Citations de brevets