US 3451398 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
June 1969 R. J. MARCELLO METHOD FOR CURLING AND WAVING HAIR Filed Oct. 21, 1965 INVENTOR RUDOLPH J. MARGELLO ATTORNEYJ United States Patent 3,451,398 METHOD FOR CURLING AND WAVING HAIR Rudolph J. Marcello, 9523 Georgia Ave., Silver Spring, Md. 20910 Filed Oct. 21, 1965, Ser. No. 499,602
Int. Cl. A45d 2/02, 2/10, 2/12, 2/14 U.S. Cl. 132-7 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a method and apparatus for curling and waving hair.
It is an object of this invention to provide a method for dressing hair which effects a natural wave that is tighter near the scalp, thereby giving the wave body where it is needed and gradually falling into a flip curl at the ends.
Another object is to provide a hair dressing device which is curvilinear throughout its length, the diameter of which gradually tapers from one end thereof to the other.
Other objects are to provide a, method for curling and waving hair which includes blocking of the hair in triangular sections preparatory to winding the hair in a helical manner on a mandrel, gradually tightening the hair curl from the ends thereof to the scalp; to provide a method of the character described wherein the mandrel on which. the hair is Wound is rotated to approximately 180 to traverse the direction of, the strand of hair being helically wound on the mandrel, thereby forming a wave pattern in the strand; and to provide a hair dressingdevice including means for preventing relative movement of the device and hair.
Other objects of the invention Will be manifest from the present preferred form of the invention, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the hair dressing device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the same; and
FIGS. 3 to 11 are schematic views illustrating the steps in the method of waving and curling hair on the hair dressing device of the present invention.
Referring now in greater detail to the drawing, there is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a hair dressing device constructed in accordance with the present invention which includes a body 12 which is of curvilinear or arcuate shape throughout its length. Body 12 may be made of any suitable material such as plastic, and is of circular cross section, the diameter of which progressively tapers from one end to another, for carrying out the objects of 3,451,398 Patented June24, 1969 the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, body 12 is preferably hollow with an end wall 13 at the smaller end. The opposite end of body 12 is open and is adapted for the reception of a removable cap 14, a portion of which is frictionally engaged with the inner periphery of the body. A resilient band 15 for holding the strand of hair on body 12, is secured in similar fashion to end wall 13, and cap 14, as indicated at 16, the resilient band preferably extending across the concave portion of the arcuate body. Body 12 is preferably perforated at 17, in order to elfect even saturation of hair :by the waving solution and to facilitate drying of the hair.
In accordance with the present invention, the hair to be waved is blocked in triangular sections as illustrated in FIGS. 3 to 11. The strand of hair from the triangular section to be waved is manipulated by hand into a figure S, that is, a wave pattern, as shown in FIG. 3. The free end of the hair strand is then Wound in a helical manner on the larger end of body 12, as indicated in FIGS. 4 and 5. When half the length of the hair strand has been wound, the hair dressing device is rotated through an arc, and the balance of the hair strand wound thereon until the device is adjacent the scalp in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 6 to 11. Cap 14 is then placed in engagement with body 12 to prevent unwinding of the hair strand. Waving solution may then be applied to the curl in accordance with conventional procedure.
It will be noted from a consideration of FIGS. 6 to 11, that during the last half of the rolling operation, body 12 is rotated through an arc of approximately thereby traversing the direction of helically winding the strand of hair on the body. By virtue of the rotation of the body taken with the helical winding of the strand of hair. on the arcuate body, curling and waving of the hair is simultaneously elfected. It will also be noted from FIG. 11, that when the present device is in place, it is substantially superimposed on the triangular section of the scalp from which the hair was blocked, with the smaller end of the hair dressing device adjacent the smaller end of the triangular section and the larger end of the device adjacent the larger portion of the triangular section.
With the method and apparatus of the present invention, due to the changing diameter of the device on which the hair is helically wound, a tighter curl is elfected near the scalp which is desirable since it is that portion of the strand of hair which receives the most stress under the weight of the strand. Therefore, a longer lasting curl and wave is formed. With the present method and apparatus also, a more natural looking wave and curl is effected.
While there has been described a preferred form of the invention, it is nevertheless to be understood that various changes may be made therein, without departing from the spirit and scope of the claims hereto appended.
1. A method of dressing hair comprising the steps of helically winding a strand of hair on an arrcuate mandel, progressively reducing the diameter of the hair strand helix from the free end of the hair strand to the scalp, rotating the arcuate mandrel through an are along the mandrels vertical axis after approximately half of the hair strand has been wound on the arcuate mandrel, and Winding the remainder of the hair strand on the remainder of the mandrel.
2. A method of dressing hair comprising the steps of helically winding a strand of hair on an arcuate mandrel, starting at the free end of the strand, continuously coiling the hair on the arcuate mandrel until half its length has been wound thereon, rotating the mandrel through its vertical axis approximately 180, and helically winding the remainder of the hair strand on the remainder of the mandrel, the diameter of the hair strand helices being progressively reduced from one end of the hair strand to the other.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein the hair strand is 4 the mandrel-wound strand of hair being superimposed on the triangular section upon completion of the winding cycle.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,652,356 12/ 1927 Hammerly 132--33 1,671,177 5/1928 Boyden 132-7 2,723,671 11/ 1955 Amendola 132-7 FOREIGN PATENTS 132,684 8/1951 Sweden.
LOUIS G. MANCENE, Primarry Examiner.
blocked in a triangular section preparatory to winding, 15 MITCHELL, Assistant xam n
Citations de brevets