|Numéro de publication||US3780740 A|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Date de publication||25 déc. 1973|
|Date de dépôt||1 nov. 1972|
|Date de priorité||1 nov. 1972|
|Numéro de publication||US 3780740 A, US 3780740A, US-A-3780740, US3780740 A, US3780740A|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Rhea J|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (4), Référencé par (74), Classifications (4)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Rhea [ Dec. 25, 1973 1 INTUBATION DEVICE AND METHOD OF ADVANCING A TUBE PAST THE PYLORUS  Inventor: James W. Rhea, 501 Alabama St.,
Bristol, Tenn. 37620  Filed: Nov. 1, 1972  Appl. No.: 302,808
52 U.S.-Cl. 128/350 R, 128/276 51 int. (11.; ..A61m 25/00 58 Field of Search ..128/276278,240,241,
Primary ExaminerDalton L. Truluck Attorney-D. Paul Weaver et a1.
[5 7 ABSTRACT An intubation device providing communication into a patients intestine. The device is formed of a soft flexible tube having a weighted front end, a soft flexible sleeve slidably mounted on the tube, and a collar mounted on the front end of the tube in registry with the sleeve. The front end of the'device is inserted through a nasal passage of the patient and is advanced, by the coaction of the weighted plug and the advancement of the sleeve against the collar, to bring the plug and the front of the tube into the patients stomach up to the pylorus. The sleeve is then withdrawn with respect to the collar and tube, then readvanced carrying the tube so as to provide slack in the front of the tube so that the coaction of peristalsis and the weighted plug will effect a transpyloric passage of the plug and the leading end of the tube. A passage extends between the interior and exterior of the tube at or near the front of the tube to permit fluid to flow between the tube and the intestine.
7 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures INTUBATION DEVICE AND METHOD OF ADVANCING A TUBE PAST THE PYLORUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION U. S. Pat. Nos. 1,736,182, 2,356,659, 2,596,947, and 3,189,031 show tubes which can be inserted into a patients stomach or intestine to provide communication with the stomach or intestine for feeding or aspirating purposes. However, particularly with infants, difficulties arise in enabling the tube to be placed in the duodenum or jejunum, such placement being desirable for the following reasons:
a. Liquid deposited in the stomachs of certain infants is likely to be vomited or regurgitated which puts the infant at risk of aspirating or inhaling the liquid, such aspiration having a tendency to cause choking, asphyxia, pneumonia or other disease in a weak or ill infant;
b. The pyloric valve between the stomach and the duodenum provides a substantial barrier to reflux of liquid delivered transpylorically into the duodenum or the jejunum;
c. The jejunum is capable of rapidly absorbing certain liquids in contrast to the stomach which acts more as a reservoir and absorbs very little except alcohol.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is concerned with an intubation device which enables a feeding or aspirating tube to be readily inserted past the pyloric valve into the intestine and with a method of advancing the leading end of the tube into the intestine. The tube, which is made of a soft flexible material, has a weighted leading end and a sleeve, also made of a soft flexible material, is slidably mounted on the tube. A collar is mounted on the front of the tube in registry with the sleeve. At least one passage extends between the interior and exterior of the tube at or near the front of the tube to provide communication between the tube and the lumen of the intestine. The leading ends of the tube and the sleeve, and the plug, are inserted into a patients body passage, such as a nasal passage, and the sleeve is advanced against the collar to thus, in coaction with the weight ofthe plug, bring the plug and the front of the tube into the patients stomach up to the pylorus. The sleeve is then withdrawn with respect to the collar and tube, and then is readvanced carrying the tube to provide slack at the front of the tube so that the coaction of the weighted plug and peristalsis will effect a transpyloric passage of the plug and the leading end of the tube into the intestine.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a section of the intubation device;
FIG. 2 is a representation of the intubation device in a patient;
FIG. 3 is a section of a portion of a variant of the intubation device; and
FIG. 4 is a view of a variant of a plugof the intubation device.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Number of the intubation device 11 designates a soft, flexible limp tube that may be made of silicone rubber or plastic. A plug 12 is secured to the front end of the tube 10 by means of a tapered threaded tail l4 on the back end of the plug that is inserted into and distends the front end of the tube 10. The plug 12 has a tapered blunt nose 16 and is made of a relatively dense non-toxic material-such as gold or platinum. A collar 18, which may be made of the same material as the plug 12 or, alternatively, may be made of a plastic similar to that of the sleeve 20 described below, is fitted over the front end of the tube 10 so as to extend about the periphery of the front end of the tube 10 outwardly of the back end 14 of the plug 12. A plurality of radial passages 22 extend through the tube 10 near the front end of the tube. The sleeve 20, which is made of soft flexible material such as silicone rubber or plastic, is of shorter length then, and extends about the periphery of the tube 10 so asto be slidable on the tube 10 and so as to be registry with the collar 18. A removable plastic funnel-shaped connector 24 is mounted to the back end of the tube 10.
In use, the tube 10 is dusted with a suitable lubricant, such as vpowdered baking soda, to provide lubrication between the tube and the sleeve. The sleeve 20 is moved along the tube 10 so that the front end of the sleeve abuts the collar 18. A suitable lubricant, such as lubricatingjelly is applied externally of the plug 12, the collar 18 and the sleeve 20 to facilitate their movement internally of the patient and the intubation device 11 is advanced, plug first, into a nasal passage of a patient 26 (FIG. 2), who is, if possible, in a 60 sitting position. The intubation device 11 is advanced through the patients nose, throat and esophagus until the plug 12 reaches the entrance to the stomach 28, at which point the patient is put in a horizontal position and turned on his right side. The intubation device is then further advanced until the front end 16 of the plug 12 approaches the pylorus 30. This advance of the intubation device 11 up to the pylorus 30 is effected due to the weight of the plug 12 at the front end of the intubation device 11 and also due to the operator manipulating the portion of the sleeve 20 that projects from the nasal passage by advancing the sleeve 20 in abutment with the collar 18 which advances the collar, together with the plug 12 and the tube 10 further into the patients body.
When the plug 12 has reached a position near the pylorus 30, the operator alternatively withdraws the sleeve 20 with respect to the tube 10 and the collar 18 and advances the sleeve 20 and the tube 10 to provide slack at the front end of the tube to thereby enable the weight of the plug 12 and peristalsis to effect passage of the plug 12 and the front portion of the tube 10 past the pylorus and into the duodenum 32.
The passage of the intubation device from the nasal passage up to the pylorus is facilitated by the tapered blunt end 16 of the weighted plug 12 and the soft, flexible nature of the tube 10 and the collar 20. The transpyloric passage of the plug 12 and the front end of the tube 10 is facilitated by the tapered blunt end 16 of the weighted plug 12 and the soft, flexible nature of the tube 10.
When the intubation device 11 is in position in the body with the plug 12 and the front end of the tube 10 past the pylorus in either the duodenum 32 or beyond the duodenum in the jejunum, the intubation device may be used as a feeding tube for delivering nutrient liquids and/or gases through the tube 10 and then out of the tube 10 through the passage 22 into the duodenum or jejunum. The intubation device 11 may also be used as an aspirator to extract fluids such as duodenal jucies from the duodenum through the passage 22 and the tube for diagnostic studies.
Regardless of whether the intubation device 11 is used as a feeding device or as an aspirator, the removable connector 24 may be used to connect the tube 10 to either a source of nutrients or to a receptacle for delivery of the aspirated fluid. After the intubation device 11 has been inserted in the patient, the connector 24 may be removed, the sleeve may be completely withdrawn and the connector may be mounted again to the back end of the tube 10.
FIG. 3 shows a variant intubation device 34 having a plug 36 identical to the plug 12 except for an axial passage 38 extending therethrough that is in communication with a-tube 40. The tube 40 is identical to the tube 10 except for the omission of the radial passages 22. The intubation device 34 functions in the same manner as the intubation device 11 except for the fact that the fluid flows out of or into the front of the tube 40 by way of the axial passage 38 in the plug 36 instead of, or in addition to, by way of the radial passages 22.
FIG. 4 shows a variant plug 42 having a tapered blunt front end 44, a shank 46 extending rearwardly of the front end 44 and a bill 48 projecting rearwardly of the shank 46 that receives the tube 10.
1. An intubation device comprising:
a soft flexible tube having a weighted plug secured to its front end; a soft, flexible sleeve, of shorter length than the tube, slidably mounted on the tube; passage means between the interior of the tube proximate to its front end and the exterior of the tube; and a collar mounted on the front end of the tube in registry with the sleeve.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said passage means comprises:
at least one radial passage extending through the tube.
3- The device of claim 1 wherein said passage means comprises:
an axial passage extending through the plug and communicating with the interior of the tube.
4. The device of claim 1 wherein the plug has a rearwardly extending threaded tail that is received in the front of the tube.
5. The device of claim 4 wherein said collar extends about the threaded tail.
6. The device of claim 1 further comprisingi a funnel-shaped connector mounted to the back end of the tube.
7. A method of advancing the leading end of a soft, flexible tube having a weighted plug at its front end past 'the pylorus of a patient comprising:
slidably mounting a soft, flexible sleeve on the tube;
providing a collar, mounted on the front end of the tube, that is in registry with the sleeve; inserting the front end of the tube, together with the plug and the front end of the sleeve, into a body passage of the patient; advancing the sleeve against the collar so that this advancement, in conjunction with the effect of the weighted plug, will cause the plug and the front of the tube to advance into the patients stomach up to the pylorus; and withdrawing the sleeve with respect to the collar so as to provide slack in the front of the tube; whereby the coaction of the weighted plug and persistalsis will effect passage of the plug and the front of the tube past the pylorus.
|Brevet cité||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US1736182 *||12 déc. 1927||19 nov. 1929||Wilkins James A||Stomach tube|
|US1899781 *||27 avr. 1932||28 févr. 1933||Twiss John Russell||Stomach tube or the like|
|US2356659 *||27 oct. 1942||22 août 1944||Paiva Aguiar Clovis De||Nozzle for duodenal pump tubes|
|US3189031 *||4 nov. 1963||15 juin 1965||Andersen Prod H W||Gastrointestinal sump tube|
|Brevet citant||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US3861393 *||17 oct. 1973||21 janv. 1975||Herve Durand||Penetrating device for surgical drainage|
|US3881254 *||6 févr. 1974||6 mai 1975||Epstein Louis C||Saliva ejector|
|US3913565 *||25 avr. 1974||21 oct. 1975||Olympus Optical Co||Guide tube for a treating instrument to be inserted into body cavity|
|US4045859 *||12 mars 1976||6 sept. 1977||Texas Medical Products, Inc.||Method of making a suction wand|
|US4182342 *||28 avr. 1978||8 janv. 1980||Med-Pro, Ltd.||Naso-gastric feeding device and method of inserting same|
|US4543089 *||8 mars 1984||24 sept. 1985||Gerald Moss||Gastrointestinal feeding and aspirating device for use in treating patients|
|US4563171 *||18 janv. 1985||7 janv. 1986||Sherwood Medical Company||Method for displacing fluid in tubing|
|US4692152 *||15 mars 1985||8 sept. 1987||Fresnius Ag||Medical tube|
|US5049138 *||13 nov. 1989||17 sept. 1991||Boston Scientific Corporation||Catheter with dissolvable tip|
|US5246430 *||27 mars 1992||21 sept. 1993||Taut, Inc.||Reinforced cholangiogram catheter|
|US5263952 *||25 mars 1992||23 nov. 1993||Spectranetics||Two-piece tip for fiber optic catheter|
|US5401257 *||27 avr. 1993||28 mars 1995||Boston Scientific Corporation||Ureteral stents, drainage tubes and the like|
|US5573521 *||17 févr. 1995||12 nov. 1996||Mcfarlane; Richard H.||Reinforced cholangiogram catheter|
|US6423052 *||18 août 2000||23 juil. 2002||Endovascular Technologies, Inc.||Torque absorbing catheter|
|US7025791||9 janv. 2003||11 avr. 2006||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US7122058||2 déc. 2003||17 oct. 2006||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Anti-obesity devices|
|US7267694||30 nov. 2004||11 sept. 2007||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US7329285||30 nov. 2004||12 févr. 2008||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve delivery devices|
|US7347875||30 nov. 2004||25 mars 2008||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods of treatment using a bariatric sleeve|
|US7476256||1 juin 2004||13 janv. 2009||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Intestinal sleeve|
|US7608114||27 oct. 2009||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US7678068||13 déc. 2005||16 mars 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Atraumatic delivery devices|
|US7682330||23 mars 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Intestinal sleeve|
|US7695446||13 déc. 2005||13 avr. 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods of treatment using a bariatric sleeve|
|US7758535||11 déc. 2007||20 juil. 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve delivery devices|
|US7766861||2 oct. 2006||3 août 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Anti-obesity devices|
|US7815589||19 oct. 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for anchoring within the gastrointestinal tract|
|US7815591||16 sept. 2005||19 oct. 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Atraumatic gastrointestinal anchor|
|US7837643||14 févr. 2005||23 nov. 2010||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods and devices for placing a gastrointestinal sleeve|
|US7935073||29 oct. 2007||3 mai 2011||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods of treatment using a bariatric sleeve|
|US7976488||8 juin 2005||12 juil. 2011||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Gastrointestinal anchor compliance|
|US7981163||8 janv. 2010||19 juil. 2011||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Intestinal sleeve|
|US8057420||15 nov. 2011||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Gastrointestinal implant with drawstring|
|US8062212||13 mai 2005||22 nov. 2011||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion|
|US8083879||22 nov. 2006||27 déc. 2011||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Non-metallic, multi-strand control cable for steerable instruments|
|US8137301||26 mai 2009||20 mars 2012||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US8162871||24 avr. 2012||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US8182418||25 févr. 2008||22 mai 2012||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Systems and methods for articulating an elongate body|
|US8216260||25 août 2008||10 juil. 2012||Usgi Medical, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for forming and securing gastrointestinal tissue folds|
|US8303669||6 nov. 2012||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for anchoring within the gastrointestinal tract|
|US8361090||7 févr. 2008||29 janv. 2013||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Apparatus and method for endoscopic colectomy|
|US8425451||2 juin 2011||23 avr. 2013||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Gastrointestinal anchor compliance|
|US8486153||8 déc. 2006||16 juil. 2013||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Anti-obesity devices|
|US8517923||19 mai 2004||27 août 2013||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for facilitating treatment of tissue via improved delivery of energy based and non-energy based modalities|
|US8568299||18 mai 2007||29 oct. 2013||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for displaying three-dimensional orientation of a steerable distal tip of an endoscope|
|US8608647||24 avr. 2012||17 déc. 2013||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Systems and methods for articulating an elongate body|
|US8628583||14 sept. 2012||14 janv. 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for anchoring within the gastrointestinal tract|
|US8641602||28 juin 2012||4 févr. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion|
|US8696694||28 déc. 2012||15 avr. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Apparatus and method for endoscopic colectomy|
|US8721530||11 juil. 2011||13 mai 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Tendon-driven endoscope and methods of use|
|US8726909||27 janv. 2006||20 mai 2014||Usgi Medical, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for revision of obesity procedures|
|US8771219||4 oct. 2011||8 juil. 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Gastrointestinal implant with drawstring|
|US8801647||21 févr. 2008||12 août 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Use of a gastrointestinal sleeve to treat bariatric surgery fistulas and leaks|
|US8827894||27 oct. 2011||9 sept. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion|
|US8834354||13 mai 2005||16 sept. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion|
|US8834405||28 juin 2011||16 sept. 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Intestinal sleeve|
|US8845524||19 nov. 2010||30 sept. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable segmented endoscope and method of insertion|
|US8870806||2 mai 2011||28 oct. 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods of treatment using a bariatric sleeve|
|US8882657||28 déc. 2006||11 nov. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Instrument having radio frequency identification systems and methods for use|
|US8882698||27 mars 2012||11 nov. 2014||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Anti-obesity devices|
|US8888688||12 nov. 2004||18 nov. 2014||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Connector device for a controllable instrument|
|US9084669||10 déc. 2013||21 juil. 2015||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for anchoring within the gastrointestinal tract|
|US9095416||3 juin 2014||4 août 2015||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Removal and repositioning devices|
|US9138132||6 janv. 2014||22 sept. 2015||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion|
|US9155609||21 févr. 2012||13 oct. 2015||Gi Dynamics, Inc.||Bariatric sleeve|
|US20040186350 *||13 janv. 2004||23 sept. 2004||Usgi Medical Corp.||Apparatus and methods for guiding an endoscope via a rigidizable wire guide|
|US20040220450 *||29 janv. 2004||4 nov. 2004||Neoguide Systems, Inc.||Endoscope having a guide tube|
|US20060036267 *||11 août 2004||16 févr. 2006||Usgi Medical Inc.||Methods and apparatus for performing malabsorptive bypass procedures within a patient's gastro-intestinal lumen|
|US20080103604 *||29 oct. 2007||1 mai 2008||Levine Andy H||Methods of treatment using a bariatric sleeve|
|US20120239061 *||20 sept. 2012||Mathur Sandip V||Endoscopic full thickness gastric reduction apparatus and method|
|EP0266469A1 *||7 nov. 1986||11 mai 1988||Synthelabo||Oesophagus catheter|
|WO1991007200A1 *||8 nov. 1990||30 mai 1991||Boston Scient Corp||Catheter with dissolvable tip|
|WO1992021398A1 *||5 juin 1992||10 déc. 1992||Taut Inc||Uncollapsible catheter and methods|
|WO1995008362A1 *||20 sept. 1993||30 mars 1995||Taut Inc||Reinforced cholangiogram catheter|
|Classification aux États-Unis||604/270|