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Numéro de publicationUS3904543 A
Type de publicationOctroi
Date de publication9 sept. 1975
Date de dépôt7 août 1973
Date de priorité7 août 1973
Autre référence de publicationCA1033257A, CA1033257A1, DE2438052A1
Numéro de publicationUS 3904543 A, US 3904543A, US-A-3904543, US3904543 A, US3904543A
InventeursKnighten James G
Cessionnaire d'origineMorton Norwich Products Inc
Exporter la citationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet
Detergent film
US 3904543 A
Résumé
A pliant, self-sustaining film formed by evaporation of water from a solution comprising water; a nonionic detergent; an alkylene maleic anhydride copolymer; and a small amount of an alkali hydroxide is capable upon dissolving in water of providing a highly effective detergent solution.
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Description  (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)

United States Patent Knighten Sept. 9, 1975 [541 I DETERGENT FILM 1,648,778 11 1927 Mitchell 252 90 2,356,168 8 1944 [75] Inventor: James G. Knighten, S1mpsonv1lle, 3328309 4, 3,359,206 12/1967 [73] Assignee: Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Z176 7/1969 Norwich N Y 3,591,508 7/1971 3,679,592 7/1972 [22] Filed: Aug. 7, 1973 31729-421 [211 APPI- 386,343 Primary Examiner-Ralph S. Kendall Assistant ExaminerDennis L. Albrecht 52 us. c1. 252/174; 252/89; 252/92; Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Anthony Frame 252/142; 252/D1G. 16 [51] Int. Cl. CllD 1/70; C1 1D 3/37; ABSTRACT C1 1D 1 1/00; Cl 1 D 17/06 A pliant, self-sustaining film formed by evaporation of [58] Field of Search 252/90, 92, 134, 142, 156, water from a solution comprising water; a nonionic 252/174 detergent; an alkylene maleic anhydride copolymer; and a small amount of an alkali hydroxide is capable [56] References Cited upon dissolving in water of providing a highly effective UNITED STATES PATENTS detergent Solution- 26L897 8/1882 Bankmann 252/134 1 Claim, No Drawings DETERGENT FILM This invention relates to detergent solutions and aims to provide means for obtaining such solutions in facile, economical and compact form.

The use of detergents packaged in various forms such as powders, solutions, sprays, and the like has reached voluminous proportions in the present day marketplace. And while these forms have achieved their purpose in affording the user many choices in his goal to clean various surfaces, their very popularity has raised problems. Among these problems are those associated with inventorying, shipping, shelving and ultimately disposing of the containers in which these detergents are provided. The bulky nature of them as now dispensed seeks relief so that their valuable attributes can be retained and their demands upon space and cost to the manufacturer, the user and the ecosystem can be ameliorated.

It is an object of this invention to provide detergents in precursor form of relatively small size thus diminishing demand upon space.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a detergent in precursor form which is easily produced and readily handled.

Still another object of this invention is the provision of a detergent in precursor form which substantially alleviates the above mentioned problems of the detergent trade.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a detergent in a form which is readily reconstituted with water to give a solution suitable for manifold cleaning purposes.

Another object of this invention is to provide a deter gent composition that is safe to substantially allsurfaces in high concentrations for short periods of time if applied directly to a surface moistened with water.

The foregoing objects and shortcomings of the present day detergent cleaner art in respect of facility, economy and compactness are satisfied through the instant invention which presents a pliant, self-sustaining film susceptible by dissolving in water of forming a highly effective detergent solution. The film of this invention occupies considerably less space than those forms of detergent commonly found in the trade. Also, since it is consumed through its dissolution in water, disposal of it is nil; thus entirely removing any concern for disposing of unwanted containers and their inherent effect upon the environment.

In accordance with the concept underlying this invention it has been found that a pliant, self-sustaining film offering all the requisites and desiderata of an effective detergent cleaner which is particularly effective for removing dirt, greases, fats, foods and similar oilbase soils when dissolved in water can be readily produced using agents known and recognized in the detergent field.

In practice a solution comprising water, a nonionic detergent of the class consisting of ethoxylated alkyl phenols, preferably an ethoxylated nonyl or octyl phenol containing from 9 to mols of ethylene oxide repeating units; a resin of the alkylene maleic anhydride type such as a methyl vinyl ether maleic anhydride copolymer or ethylene maleic anhydride copolymer, preferably the former; and a small amount of an alkaline agent such as an alkali hydroxide, preferaby sodium hydroxide is composed and briefly heated at elevated temperature, about F, for a short time period, about 30 minutes, during which interaction between the nonionic and the polymer occurs resulting in partial esterification of the carboxyl groups of the copolymer. The mixture is allowed to cool; then cast upon a suitable surface and allowed to dry either spontaneously or by supplying hot air to the exposed surface. Examples of surfaces which will release the film are glass, plastic treated surfaces such as polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and Teflon.-The film prepared as just described can be of any desired thickness. It can be readily stripped from the receiving surface and cut to any desired dimension. For example, a film having a thickness of about 18 mils and an area of about 18 square inches when dissolved in one gallon of water provides an effective detergent solution.

More specifically illustrative of a composition from which a film of this invention is produced is the following embodiment:

Ingredient Parts Water 83 Ethoxylated Nonyl Phenol ()l() mols ethylene l0 oxide) Methyl vinyl ether maleic anhydride copolymer 4 Sodium hydroxide solution (20% w/w) 3 strate and permitted to spontaneously lose water by evaporation to the atmosphere whereby a pliant, nontacky, self-sustaining film having a residual water content of about 2% by weight results. A segment of this film readily dissolves in lukewarm water to yield an effective detergent solution.

What is claimed is:

l. A pliant, non-tacky, self-sustaining film having a water content of about 2% by weight and formed by casting upon a receptive surface to permit evaporation of water from a solution consisting of about 83 parts of water, 10 parts of an ethoxylated nonyl phenol having from 9l() mols. of ethylene oxide, 4 parts of methyl vinyl ether maleic anhydride copolymer, and about 3 parts of a 20% w/w sodium hydroxide solution; said solution being heated to about 195F. for about thirty minutes, then cooled to the point of clarity at which the pH is about 4.0-4.4.

Citations de brevets
Brevet cité Date de dépôt Date de publication Déposant Titre
US261897 *30 juin 18821 août 1882 Josef bankmann
US1648778 *14 août 19228 nov. 1927Mitchell David WBook soap
US2356168 *16 août 194122 août 1944Mabley Clarence WSoap leaf
US3328309 *28 sept. 196627 juin 1967Gen Aniline & Film CorpStabilized liquid heavy duty detergent composition
US3359206 *21 mai 196419 déc. 1967Koppers Co IncFloating soap
US3457176 *16 oct. 196422 juil. 1969Monsanto CoLiquid detergent processes
US3591508 *7 déc. 19676 juil. 1971Monsanto CoProcess for making heavy duty liquid detergent compositions
US3679592 *17 août 197025 juil. 1972Monsanto CoCleansing and soil preventive composition
US3729421 *4 août 197024 avr. 1973Gibson CSoap cone and holder
Référencé par
Brevet citant Date de dépôt Date de publication Déposant Titre
US4532063 *15 août 198330 juil. 1985S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Dissolvable bleach sheet
US4557852 *9 avr. 198410 déc. 1985S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Polymer sheet for delivering laundry care additive and laundry care product formed from same
US4797221 *9 mai 198810 janv. 1989S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Polymer sheet for delivering laundry care additive and laundry care product formed from same
US878536112 sept. 201122 juil. 2014The Procter & Gamble CompanyDetergent product and method for making same
US907430512 sept. 20117 juil. 2015The Procter & Gamble CompanyMethod for delivering an active agent
US916320512 sept. 201120 oct. 2015The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess for making films from nonwoven webs
US917525012 sept. 20113 nov. 2015The Procter & Gamble CompanyFibrous structure and method for making same
US94211535 juin 201423 août 2016The Procter & Gamble CompanyDetergent product and method for making same
US94642642 avr. 201411 oct. 2016Dizolve Group Corp.Method and apparatus for making a laundry detergent sheet
US20060127458 *15 déc. 200415 juin 2006Melba KiserSingle use personal care sheet
US20080242572 *11 sept. 20062 oct. 2008Samuel IchtDetergent Printed Film
EP2226379A1 *2 mars 20108 sept. 2010Dizolve Group CorporationDissolvable laundry detergent sheet
WO2007034471A3 *11 sept. 200631 mai 2007Samuel IchtDetergent printed film
Classifications
Classification aux États-Unis510/445
Classification internationaleC11D17/06
Classification coopérativeC11D17/06
Classification européenneC11D17/06
Événements juridiques
DateCodeÉvénementDescription
24 juin 1991ASAssignment
Owner name: DOWBRANDS INC., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005755/0625
Effective date: 19910619
22 janv. 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY, THE MIDLAND MICHIGAN 48640 A
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MORTON THIOKOL INC;REEL/FRAME:004354/0531