US 446857 A
Description (Le texte OCR peut contenir des erreurs.)
(No Model.) 7 v A. s. FISKE. BOOK MARK.
N0. 446,857. Patented Feb. 24, 1891.
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UNITED STATES PATENT I OFFICE.
AUSTIN S. FISKE, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 446,857, dated February 24, 1891.
Application filed July 28, 1890.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AUSTIN S. FIsKE, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Paul, in the county of Ramsey and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Book-Marks; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference marked thereon,which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to an improved form of book-mark; and the object of the invention is to afford a simple, cheap, and efficient article for the purpose of indicating any desired point upon either page of a book or upon either column in case of a divided page.
The invention consists of a rectangular plate or body of any desired size or material, as card-board, sheet metal, celluloid, or textile i'abric,-having formed, secured, or impressed thereon at non-adjacent corners anindex'or pointer of some description, the only essential requisites of which are that the two pointers shall point outwardly in directions substantially at an angle of ninety degrees to each other. The objects of this construction and the characteristics of the invention will be more fully set forth by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which I Figure 1 is a view of a book having a single column upon a page and showing the mark so placed as to indicate a point upon the right-hand page; Fig. 2, a similar view showing the position of the mark to indicate a point near the bottom of the page, the mark being still in position to be wholly included between the leaves when the book is closed; Fig. 3, a View showing the manner of use with a book having double-column pages, and Figs. 4: and 5 views showing different forms in which the mark may be constructed.
As before stated, this mark may be formed of a rectangular piece of any convenient ma terial las card-board, for instance. At nonadjacent corners of the card are pointers 2 3, the former pointing outwardly in a direction at right angles to the adjacent side of the card, and the other pointer 3 similarly disposed with Serial No. 360,214:- (No model.)
two pointers thus pointing in directions at right angles to each other. The indexes or pointers may be formed in any manner suitable to the material of which the body of the mark is composed, as by printing, embossing, stamping, or the like; or the index may be formed upon and as a part of the body itself, either projecting beyond the edges of the same or formed within a recess upon the edge in such a manner as to be included within the limits of the body; or the index may be a separate part secured to the body either so as to project beyond the edge or wholly included within the limits of the body.
The only feature essential to the construction in either of the different forms above named is that the index shall be sufficiently well defined that there may be no doubt as to the directionin which the same is designed to point.
The word pointer is to be considered herein as employed in its broadest sense, and it may be formed in a variety of ways-as, for instance, a hand with an index-finger pointing in the desired direction printed or stamped thereon; or in its simplest form the pointer may be impressed thereon in the form of a line-corner having one of its lines extending in one direction toward the corner of the card to a greater distance than in the other direction, as shown in Fig. 4; or a fancy design or picture may be employed, in which a figure or object represented may have one part of the same forming a distinct pointer.
The manner of use is clearly shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3. The mark is inserted between the leaves of the book, and in the case of a single-column page with one index pointing parallel with the lines toward either the outer inner edge of the page and in line with the desired point. The other indexin either case points toward the top or bottom of the page, and hence there can be no doubt as to which pointer is in use. In case it is desired to indicate a point near the bottom of the page the mark should be so turned that the body of the card lies above the pointer, using the other pointer from that named above. These methods of use are shown in Figs. 1 and 2, respectively. In Fig. 3 is shown the manner of use upon the outer column of a doubleoolumn page. In this case the mark is so turned that one pointer points toward the outer edge of the page, thus indicating the outer column, and the pointer being in line with the desired line of the column the proper point is indicated closely. In case of marking the inner colu run the pointer is turned in, so as to point to the back of the book. In the same manner any point upon the left-hand page may be designated by simply reversing the position of the card, the indicated point being at 4 in each instance.
The mark herein described may be made as cheaply as desired, as a plain card having the corner indexes formed by printing, as described, or with any degree of ornamentation, the pointers forming a conspicuous feature of any design, and the material likewise may be varied at will. The face of the mark may also be employed i'orother purposes, as a vehicle for printed matter.
I claim as my invention- A book-mark consisting of a rectangular body of thin material, having pointers or indexes formed, secured, or impressed thereupon at non-adjacent corners and pointing outwardly in directions at right angles to each other, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
AUSTIN S. FISKE.
WALTER HOLCOMB, F. W. LANE.