|Numéro de publication||US5455388 A|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Numéro de demande||US 08/089,159|
|Date de publication||3 oct. 1995|
|Date de dépôt||8 juil. 1993|
|Date de priorité||8 juil. 1993|
|État de paiement des frais||Caduc|
|Autre référence de publication||CA2127623A1|
|Numéro de publication||08089159, 089159, US 5455388 A, US 5455388A, US-A-5455388, US5455388 A, US5455388A|
|Inventeurs||Michael L. Pratt|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Thomas & Betts Corporation|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (11), Référencé par (25), Classifications (5), Événements juridiques (6)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
This application relates to the art of electrical floor boxes and, more particularly, to access covers for such boxes. Although the invention is particularly suited for use with electrical floor boxes and will be described with specific reference thereto, it will be appreciated that certain features of the invention have broader aspects and can be used in other environments.
Electrical floor boxes have access covers or panels that can be opened to provide access to the interior of the box for installing outlets and for making connections to the outlets. The present application concerns an improved access cover assembly for these purposes.
A cover assembly for electrical floor boxes includes an access plate having an opening therein. The access plate itself is hinged to a frame attached to the box for providing access to the entire interior of the box. The opening in the access plate receives hinged covers for providing access to outlets for making connections thereto.
The improved cover of the present application has a snap-fit hinge connection within the access plate opening. A cover is swingable from a closed position to either of opposite open and storage positions. The cover swings through an arc greater than 90° to each position.
Retaining means is providing for releasably retaining a cover in its closed or storage positions. The retaining means comprises pimples and dimples between the cover sides and the opening sides. The dimples are preferably on the opening sides and the pimples are on the cover sides.
A cover has a free end portion with end surfaces that slope in generally opposite directions. Each sloping end surface extends along approximately one-half of a cover width.
The cover has a hinge end portion that includes an external cylindrical surface extending between cover top and bottom surfaces. Hinge sockets are provided in the opposite sides of the hinge end portion. Grooves extend from the bottom surface of the cover to intersection with the sockets, and the grooves have a depth that is less than the depth of the sockets. The grooves have a depth adjacent the intersection thereof with the cover bottom that is greater than the depth thereof at the intersection thereof with a socket. Thus, the groove bottom slopes from its intersection with a cover bottom surface in a direction outwardly toward a cover side. This provides a cam surface for making a snap connection of the cover sockets with hinge pintle projections on the opening sides.
One sloping end surface on the free end portion of a cover has a terminal end that is located further from the hinge end portion than the terminal end of the other sloping surface. The terminal end that is spaced further from the hinge end portion preferably intersects the cover top surface.
The cover is movable to a storage position that is substantially opposite from its closed position. The cover is then located completely beneath the access plate.
It is a principal object of the present invention to provide an improved access cover assembly for electrical floor boxes.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an improved cover having features that enable making a snap-fit hinge connection within an opening.
It is also an object of the invention to provide an improved cover arrangement that enables selective hinged movement of a cover in opposite directions from a closed position through arcs greater than 90° to open or storage positions.
FIG. 1 is a perspective illustration of a cover assembly constructed in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a cover assembly constructed in accordance with the present invention with the covers in their closed positions;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a hingeable access plate;
FIG. 4 is a bottom view thereof;
FIG. 5 is a cross-section elevational view taken generally on line 5--5 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 5 and showing one cover in a closed position and another cover in an open position;
FIG. 7 is a view similiar to FIGS. 5 and 6 and showing a pair of covers in their storage positions;
FIG. 8 is a top plan view of a cover;
FIG. 9 is a bottom view thereof;
FIG. 10 is a side elevational view thereof; and
FIG. 11 is an enlarged partial cross-section elevational view showing a hinge socket and groove in a side of the cover.
Referring now to the drawings, wherein the showings are for purposes of illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention only and not for purposes of limiting same, FIG. 1 shows a generally rectangular frame member A that is positionable over the top of an electrical floor box. A central rectangular recess 10 in frame member A provides a horizontal inwardly extending support ledge 12.
A plurality of openings 14, 15 and 16 in frame member A provide access to receptacles in a floor box for making electrical or communications connections therewith. The electrical receptacles or communications receptacles are attachable to frame member A within openings 14-16, and an electrical receptacle is generally indicated at 20.
A support plate 22 has openings therein for receiving the outlets on receptacle 20. Support plate 22 is longer and slightly wider than an opening 14 so that it rests on a peripheral surface of frame member A surrounding an opening 14-16. A pair of elongate spaced-apart ribs 24, 26 extends upwardly from support plate 22 on opposite sides of the openings therein for the receptacle outlets. Ribs 24, 26 are spaced inwardly from the opposite sides of support plate 22 and are also spaced inwardly from the opposite ends of support plate 22.
Additional support plates 28, 30 are provided for openings 15, 16, respectively. Different sizes and shapes of openings 32, 34 may be provided in support plates 28, 30 depending upon the type of electrical or communication receptacle mounted in openings 15, 16. Support plates 28, 30 also have elongate raised ribs 36, 38 and 40, 42 thereon corresponding to ribs 24, 26 on support plate 22.
A rectangular access cover or plate B is dimensioned for close reception within recess 10 in frame member A. In its closed position, access plate B rests on support ledge 12 on frame member A. Access plate B has opposite hinge projections extending outwardly therefrom and only one such hinge projection is shown at 50 in FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 2, both hinge projections are shown in phantom lines at 50, 52. The peripheral wall of recess 10 in frame member A has a socket opening 54 therein receiving hinge projection 52 and a horizontally elongated slot 56 therein receiving hinge projection 50. Referring back to FIG. 1, latch projections 60, 62 extend downwardly from the underside of access plate B opposite from the end portion of plate B having the hinge projections thereon. Latch projections 60, 62 are a snap fit within holes 64, 66 in support ledge 12 of frame member A.
Access plate B has a plurality of spaced-apart rectangular openings C therein. Although three such openings are shown, it will be recognized that a larger or smaller number of such openings may be provided. As shown, however, all of the openings are of the same size and shape, and the same reference numerals and characters will be used to describe all of them. Each rectangular opening has parallel opposite sides 70, 72 and parallel opposite ends 74, 76. Hinge pintle projections 78, 80 (see FIG. 3) extend inwardly from opposite sides 70, 72 adjacent each end 74, 76. Two pair of opposite dimples 82, 84 are provided in opening sides 70, 72. Access plate B has a downwardly inclined recess 90 intersecting an opening 92 for receiving a tool or a person's finger to lift access plate B from its closed position.
As shown in FIGS. 4-7, the opposite sides of rectangular openings C are defined by ribs 94 on the underside of access plate B. These ribs extend beyond the opposite ends 74, 76 of openings C as clearly shown in FIGS. 4-7. In these extended areas adjacent the opposite ends of access plate B, the sides of the ribs are provided with opposite dimples 96 corresponding to dimples 82, 84.
A pair of hinged covers D, D' are provided for each opening C, and each cover D, D' is of the same size and shape. With reference FIGS. 8-11, cover D has top and bottom surfaces 102, 104 and opposite sides 106, 108. A hingeable end portion 110 of cover D has a substantially cylindrical outer peripheral surface that extends between top and bottom surfaces 102, 104. Hingeable end portion 110 also has a thickness substantially greater than the remaining thickness of cover D.
Hinge sockets 112, 114 are provided in opposite sides 106, 108 at hingeable end portion 110. A groove 116 extends from bottom surface 104 to intersection with each socket 112, 114. As shown in FIG. 11, groove 116 has a depth that is less than the depth of a socket. In addition, the bottom wall of groove 116 slopes from its intersection with bottom surface 104 in a direction outwardly toward a side 106 or 108. As shown in FIG. 11, the groove has a greater depth at its intersection 118 with cover bottom surface 104 than at its intersection 120 with socket 114. Thus, the bottom of groove 116 provides a cam surface to enable snap fitting same into position. A cover is positionable with its hingeable end portion 110 adjacent an opening C and with grooves 116 aligned with hinge 10 projections 78, 80. Force is then applied to the cover until hinge projections 78, 80 snap into hinge sockets 112, 114. The covers are then swingable about their hinge connections.
Each cover D has a free terminal end portion that includes generally oppositely sloping end surfaces 124,126. Each sloping end surface 124, 126 extends along approximately one-half of the width of a cover between its opposite sides 106, 108. One sloping end surface has a terminal end 128 that intersects top surface 102 and is located further away from hingeable end portion 110 than is the terminal end 130 of sloping surface 124. Each cover is provided with outwardly extending pimples 134, 136 on its opposite side surfaces 106, 108 adjacent the free end portion of the cover. Pimples 134, 136 are receivable in dimples 82, 84 or in dimples 96.
The distance from the axes of hinge pintles 78, 80 to dimples 82, 84 or to dimples 96 is the same as the distance from the axes of sockets 112, 114 to pimples 134, 136.
When covers D, D' are in their closed positions shown in FIG. 2, their top surfaces are substantially flush with the top surface of access plate B. The oppositely inclined end surfaces on covers D, D' make it possible to insert a tool between the ends of the covers when they are closed for prying same open. In their closed positions, the cover pimples 134, 136 are received in opening dimples 82, 84 for releasably retaining the covers in their closed positions. Therefore, the pimples and dimples define releasable retaining means for retaining the covers in selectable positions.
In their closed positions, the bottom surfaces 104 of covers D, D' are supported on ribs 24, 26, 36, 38 and 40, 42 on support plates 22, 28 and 30 in FIG. 1. The length of such support ribs is less than the length of two covers such that the enlarged hingeable end portion of a cover does not contact the support ribs. Only the substantially flat undersurface of each cover is supported on the ribs of the support plates.
FIG. 6 shows one cover D in an outward open position with its outer surface 102 abutting an end 74 of a rectangular opening C. In the full open position of a cover, the cover swings through an arc greater than 90°. In the arrangement shown, the arc is approximately 110°. When access plate B is raised, covers D, D' are swingable to storage positions shown in FIG. 7. Pimples 134, 136 on the sides of a cover are receivable in dimples 96 in the storage positions of the covers for releasably holding such covers in their storage positions. Covers D, D' rotate through arcs of approximately 180° during movement from their closed positions to their storage positions. Covers D, D' extend substantially horizontally in parallel opposite directions in their closed and storage positions. In their storage positions, covers D, D' are received in cavities on the underside of access plate B.
Although the invention has been shown and described with respect to a preferred embodiment, it is apparent that variations and modifications will occur to others skilled in the art upon the reading and understanding of this specification. The present invention includes such variations and modifications, and is limited only by the scope of the claims appended hereto.
|Brevet cité||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US707516 *||5 avr. 1902||19 août 1902||C K Mfg Company||Plug-receptacle.|
|US797215 *||23 mai 1904||15 août 1905||Henry G Osborne||Plug-box for electric circuits.|
|US1222493 *||9 sept. 1916||10 avr. 1917||Bryant Electric Co||Face-plate for flush receptacles.|
|US1964513 *||17 juin 1932||26 juin 1934||United Metal Box Co Inc||Waste receptacle|
|US3966073 *||19 juil. 1971||29 juin 1976||Mid America Sales Co., Inc||Electric cord hatch|
|US4159858 *||10 févr. 1978||3 juil. 1979||Toraya Juan E||Cover plate|
|US4228317 *||13 nov. 1978||14 oct. 1980||Norbert Cziment||Protective face plate for an electrical outlet|
|US4289921 *||26 déc. 1979||15 sept. 1981||H. H. Robertson Company||Electrical activating assembly and closure member therefor|
|US4721476 *||23 déc. 1985||26 janv. 1988||Interchangeable Hatches Inc.||Electrical connection box used in conjunction with raised floors|
|US5010211 *||29 juin 1989||23 avr. 1991||Square D Company||Flushing floor fitting|
|US5156291 *||21 déc. 1990||20 oct. 1992||Arthur Mielke||Hinged cover with auxiliary door|
|Brevet citant||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US5723817 *||2 déc. 1996||3 mars 1998||Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Snap-on wallplate system|
|US5744750 *||30 nov. 1994||28 avr. 1998||R123 Enterprises Ltd.||Modular electrical connector box|
|US5866845 *||2 juin 1997||2 févr. 1999||The Lamson & Sessions Co.||Electrical box|
|US6265662 *||5 nov. 1999||24 juil. 2001||The Lamson & Sessions Co.||Floor box assembly|
|US6479749 *||6 sept. 2001||12 nov. 2002||3244 Corporation||Protective cover having tool recess or tool recesses, for use with electrical box having plaster ring|
|US6683248 *||21 août 2001||27 janv. 2004||Paul A. Vrame||Protective cover enabling view of electrical device in electrical box having plaster ring|
|US6748707||24 juil. 2001||15 juin 2004||Steelcase Development Corporation||Utility interface system|
|US7126059||14 févr. 2006||24 oct. 2006||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Recessed floor box cover assembly|
|US7157643||2 août 2005||2 janv. 2007||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Floor box with voltage divider|
|US7319193 *||9 avr. 2004||15 janv. 2008||Wiremold, Inc.||Cover assemblies for in-floor fittings|
|US7348487||4 déc. 2006||25 mars 2008||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Floor box with voltage divider|
|US7459632 *||30 août 2004||2 déc. 2008||The Wiremold Company||In-floor fitting cover assembly|
|US7939756 *||4 sept. 2008||10 mai 2011||Liberty Hardware Mfg. Corp.||Modular electrical wall cover system|
|US8944266||23 sept. 2008||3 févr. 2015||Dirtt Environmental Solutions Ltd.||Floor-mount service container and lid|
|US9148007||12 mars 2013||29 sept. 2015||Thomas & Betts International, Llc||Recessed poke-through fitting|
|US20030037949 *||21 août 2001||27 févr. 2003||Vrame Paul A.||Protective cover enabling view of electrical device in electrical box having plaster ring|
|US20050050820 *||30 août 2004||10 mars 2005||Walker Systems Inc.||In-floor fitting cover assembly|
|US20060027386 *||2 août 2005||9 févr. 2006||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Floor box with voltage divider|
|US20060180332 *||14 févr. 2006||17 août 2006||Thomas & Betts Internationals, Inc.||Recessed floor box cover assembly|
|US20070074887 *||4 déc. 2006||5 avr. 2007||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Floor box with voltage divider|
|US20070074890 *||9 avr. 2004||5 avr. 2007||Halterman Frederick J||Cover assemblies for in-floor fittings|
|US20100051312 *||4 mars 2010||James Daniels||Modular electrical wall cover system|
|US20100072198 *||23 sept. 2008||25 mars 2010||Henry Roemer||Floor-mount service container and lid|
|EP0991158A1 *||6 juil. 1999||5 avr. 2000||Albert Ackermann GmbH & Co. KG||Appliance reception for underfloor apparatus box|
|WO2008081088A1 *||22 nov. 2007||10 juil. 2008||Legrand France||Electrical appliance holder with modular central opening|
|Classification aux États-Unis||174/67, 220/242|
|4 oct. 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: THOMAS & BETTS CORPORATION, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PRATT, MICHAEL L.;REEL/FRAME:006723/0203
Effective date: 19930908
|9 oct. 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: THOMAS & BETTS INTERNATIONAL, INC., NEVADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:THOMAS & BETTS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:009534/0734
Effective date: 19981007
|2 avr. 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|23 avr. 2003||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|3 oct. 2003||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|2 déc. 2003||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20031003