|Numéro de publication||US6906505 B2|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Numéro de demande||US 10/220,933|
|Date de publication||14 juin 2005|
|Date de dépôt||17 janv. 2001|
|Date de priorité||6 mars 2000|
|État de paiement des frais||Payé|
|Autre référence de publication||CA2401876A1, CA2401876C, CN1232854C, CN1416534A, DE60119903D1, DE60119903T2, EP1261889A1, EP1261889B1, US20030152344, WO2001067150A1|
|Numéro de publication||10220933, 220933, PCT/2001/144, PCT/FR/1/000144, PCT/FR/1/00144, PCT/FR/2001/000144, PCT/FR/2001/00144, PCT/FR1/000144, PCT/FR1/00144, PCT/FR1000144, PCT/FR100144, PCT/FR2001/000144, PCT/FR2001/00144, PCT/FR2001000144, PCT/FR200100144, US 6906505 B2, US 6906505B2, US-B2-6906505, US6906505 B2, US6906505B2|
|Inventeurs||Patrice Brunet, Eric Tande|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Patrice Brunet, Eric Tande|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (17), Référencé par (26), Classifications (8), Événements juridiques (4)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a device for visual identification of cable assemblies or conduits, more particularly, a device which makes it easier to locate the ends of leads, wires or cables used in the following fields: electrical, electronic, telephone, computing, automatic control etc., or else to locate the ends of rigid or flexible conduits through which fluids flow and which belong to hydraulic or pneumatic or other installations.
In various technical fields using networks of relatively numerous wires, cables or conduits, the practical problem arises of being able, by knowing the position of one end of a wire, cable or conduit, to identify the position of the other end of the same wire, cable or conduit in a precise and certain manner. Such is the case, in particular, with leads called computer “jumper” leads, housed in a cabinet or a case, telephone “patching” systems, or wires and cables of electrical cable assemblies, whether these be wires conveying data signals, or power cables, etc.
More particularly in the case of cabinets referred to as “jumper” cabinets for computer links, many “jumper” leads are passed between the active computer hardware and the jumper panels, and it is very difficult to follow a lead over its entire length, from one of its ends, in order to be able to find its other end and thus make the link between a connector of given number of the distribution cable assembly and a port number of an active hardware item.
The current possible ways of locating the inputs and outputs of a cable or of a lead are the following:
One exemple disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,666,453 A describes fiber-optic cables or leads provided with a system for locating the ends by means of light-emitting diodes supplied via electrical conductors incorporated into the leads or cables. This solution therefore requires the incorporation of electrical circuits and of specific components, such as light-emitting diodes, on all the leads and cables to be located. Thus, such a solution is particularly expensive, given the large number of cables or leads that have to be equipped therewith. In addition, the electrical conductors of this system may create electromagnetic interference.
Another exemple disclosd in U.S. Pat. No. 5,625,735 A, or its corresponding F.R. Patent No. 2 725 796 A discribes an optical solution applied to fiber-optic leads for determining the orientation of the plane of polarization of the end of the optical fiber for the purpose of connecting it correctly. This document is therefore not aimed at locating or identifying the ends of cables or leads, making it alien to the objectives of the present invention.
The present invention eliminates the drawbacks of all of the current methods or means mentioned above, by providing a device allowing the ends of leads, wires, cables, conduits or the like to be identified with certainty, whatever their number and their arrangement, without interrupting the link created by these leads, wires, cables or conduits, and therefore without stopping the operation of the connected systems, and without electromagnetic or other interference, and to do so in a particularly simple and inexpensive manner.
According to the invention, a device for visually identifying cable assemblies or conduits, comprises an optical fiber disposed on a lead, wire, cable or conduit and extending from a first end thereof to a second end of the lead, wire, cable or conduit, the optical fiber comprising a first fiber end disposed at the first end of the lead, wire, cable or conduit and a second fiber end disposed at the second other end of the lead, wire, cable or conduit. The device further comprises a menas for injecting light disposed proximate the first fiber end, wherein the first fiber end is accessible so as to be illuminated by the means for injecting light and the second fiber end is accessible so as to recover the light injected at the first fiber end.
The invention emits light at the first end of the lead, wire, cable or conduit in question and identifies the second end of the same lead, wire, cable or conduit with the appearance of an easily recognizable light signal at this other end.
Such an identification device has many advantages:
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the optical fiber, incorporated into the lead, wire, cable or conduit in question, comprises bent-back ends. Both ends of each optical fiber are thus suitably oriented, on the one hand to allow the light to be suitably injected into the first end of the lead or the like, and on the other hand to transmit a light signal easily visible at the second end of the same lead or the like, while the two ends of the latter are connected.
In one embodiment of the invention, the ends, particularly the bent-back ends, of the optical fiber are embedded in connectors provided at the two ends of the lead, wire, cable or conduit in question. Thus, the first and second fiber ends of the optical fibers may, in the case of computer jumper leads, be embedded in standardized connectors, for example of the “RJ-45” type, usually placed at the ends of such leads.
Advantageously, two optical fibers are placed parallel to each other in or on the lead, wire, cable or conduit in question, the respective ends of these two optical fibers being bent back in diametrically opposed directions. This makes it possible in all cases to make the end of at least one of the optical fibers easily accessible, both for injecting light and for being able to see the transmitted light signal, whatever the orientation of the corresponding end of the lead or the like.
The means for injecting light at the end of an optical fiber comprises a moveable accessory comprising a body or casing accommodating an electrical power supply, a flexible elongate element, and a light source, such as an electric light bulb or another equivalent light source, disposed at an end of the flexible elongate element.
Advantageously, The flexible elongate element carries a hollow terminal element of a generally conical shape, which is internally reflective and is designed to cover one end of a lead, wire, cable or conduit, into which the light has to be injected. The moveable accessory may thus be fitted onto the end of the lead or the like, covering this end and focussing onto it the light rays emitted by the electric light bulb, so as to concentrate the light onto the end of the optical fiber located at this end of this lead, without illuminating the ends of the adjacent leads and of their optical fibers.
It is conceivable to use, at the same time, two or more light injection means, of identical design but emitting differently colored light, so as simultaneously to locate, and without any risk of confusion, the ends of two or more leads.
Advantageously, the moveable accessory for light injection further comprises a fastening means, such as a clamp, allowing it to be held onto a lead or onto another, stationary element, which leaves the operator's hands free during an intervention.
According to another embodiment of the invention, a device for visually identifying first and second opposite ends of an elongate member, comprises an optical fiber disposed on the elongate member, the optical fiber including first and second opposite fiber ends respectively disposed adjacent to the first and second ends of the elongate member; a means for emitting light disposed proximate the first end of the elongate member; wherein the first fiber end is accessible so as to be illuminated by the means for emitting light and the second fiber end is accessible so as to recover the light emitted at the first fiber end.
The invention will be more clearly understood with the aid of the description which follows, with reference to the appended schematic drawing which shows, by way of examples, a few embodiments of this device for visual identification of cable assemblies or conduits:
The invention is described below and illustrated by the drawing in the context of its particular application to locating the ends of computer jumper leads in a jumper cabinet.
According to the invention, and as shown in
The optical fiber 10, placed in the outer sheath of the lead 6, has a first end 11 of bent-back shape, partially embedded in the first end connector 7 of the lead 6. Similarly, the optical fiber 10 has a second end 12 of bent-back shape, partially embedded in the second end connector 8 of the lead 6.
Thus, light injection as indicated by the arrow F, facing the first bent-back end 11 of the optical fiber 10, at that end of the lead 6 which is provided with the first connector 7, is accompanied by light scattering D by the second bent-back end 12 of the optical fiber 10. The second end 12 of the optical fiber 10 is thus easily located by a light signal, possibly a colored light signal, without any risk of error and without the need to disconnect the lead 6, even if the latter is surrounded by many other similar leads.
The light is injected at one end of the lead 6 by the use here of a moveable accessory, denoted overall by the reference 13. The accessory 13 for injecting light comprises a body or case 14 that accommodates a power supply, comprising for example of one or more batteries 15. The body 14 is extended by a flexible elongate element 16, at the free end of which is placed a small electric light bulb 17 supplied by the battery or batteries 15. At its free end, the flexible elongate element 16 also carries a hollow terminal element 18 of conical shape, slit longitudinally, which may be engaged around the end of the lead 6, against the connector 7 and/or on this connector 7. The conical terminal element 18 possesses a reflective internal surface.
Thus, the accessory 13 may be fitted onto the first end of the lead 6 selected, and then, the electric light bulb 17 being lighted, a light beam is emitted and concentrated onto the end 11 of the optical fiber 10, belonging to the single lead 6 selected.
The body or case 14 of the accessory 13 for light injection also carries, advantageously, a clamp 19 or other fastening means, allowing it to be temporarily held onto a lead 6 or onto part of the jumper cabinet 2.
It would not be outside the scope of the invention, as defined in the appended claims, to:
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|Classification aux États-Unis||324/66, 324/542|
|Classification internationale||G02B6/00, G02B6/44|
|Classification coopérative||H01R13/7172, G02B6/4415|
|Classification européenne||G02B6/44C6, H01R13/717C|
|20 juin 2006||CC||Certificate of correction|
|21 nov. 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|5 nov. 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|10 nov. 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12