|Numéro de publication||US7207999 B2|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Numéro de demande||US 10/800,306|
|Date de publication||24 avr. 2007|
|Date de dépôt||12 mars 2004|
|Date de priorité||12 mars 2004|
|État de paiement des frais||Caduc|
|Autre référence de publication||CA2563881A1, CA2563881C, EP1737360A2, EP1737360A4, US20050203555, WO2005089202A2, WO2005089202A3|
|Numéro de publication||10800306, 800306, US 7207999 B2, US 7207999B2, US-B2-7207999, US7207999 B2, US7207999B2|
|Inventeurs||Michael D. Griffin, Rodolfo Gaba|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Griffin Michael D, Rodolfo Gaba|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (20), Référencé par (31), Classifications (7), Événements juridiques (3)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
Surgical scalpels may have a sturdy handle and a blade portion removably mounted on the handle for use during a given procedure. After the blade has been used, the blade may be removed and discarded, after which the handle may be sterilized and made ready for further use by mounting a new blade. New blades may be packaged in individual sterile packages formed by two sheets of paper or aluminum foil sealing the blade between them, much like finger bandages are packed.
When the blade is to be mounted on the handle, one paper or aluminum foil layer is folded back to expose the rearward or mounting portion of the blade. The package is then grasped so as to press the sides of the blade between the thumb and forefinger while the handle is inserted into the opening of the blade. While the blade should be held so that the cutting edge points away from the user, the potential for injury still exists.
Slipping of the blade within the paper or aluminum foil, in conjunction with the force required to properly install the blade on the handle, may push the blade through the cover and cause injury. Nothing prevents the blade from moving relative to its envelope and nothing prevents the blade from puncturing the cover. Therefore, individuals are subject to injury while installing the blade on the handle.
Upon completion of the surgical procedure, the blade may be either manually detached from the handle and placed in a sharps bin, or the handle with the blade may be inserted into a container, which may break off the blade.
It can be seen that attachment of the blade to the handle may be a hazardous procedure and can easily result in a sharps injury. If the blade is manually detached, a sharps injury can also result, which may be even more hazardous as the blade may be contaminated.
During surgical use, the scalpels can accidentally cut the surgeon's fingers, or the fingers of nurses and other support personnel. Furthermore, operating personnel may be accidentally cut when the scalpel is passed between personnel. Blades may need to be quickly removed from the handle during surgery. This may increase the likelihood of injury to either the surgeon or others.
Surgeons may have a personal preference as to a particular scalpel handle. The surgeon may prefer a certain weight and feel of a handle for achieving desired results in surgery. Furthermore, some safety systems allow for only a certain handle and certain blade systems to be utilized together.
What is needed is a safety scalpel system that would allow for specifically weighted, reusable handles to be used with safety and/or normal scalpel blades.
Presented herein are various embodiments of a safety scalpel. In one embodiment is a safety scalpel includes a handle capable of coupling to a blade with or without a safety housing.
In another embodiment, a safety scalpel includes a blade, a handle configured to couple to the blade, and a housing configured to couple to, and to enclose the blade, and to couple to the handle, and allow the blade to selectively couple to the handle and to selectively decouple from the housing, wherein the handle is configured to couple to the blade with or without the housing.
In yet another embodiment, a cartridge system includes retaining members configured to contain a blade within the housing, an actuatable tab or activator, wherein the blade couples to the handle and the housing moves between a safety position and a blade exposed position, and a blade disengaging actuator configured to decouple the blade contained within the housing from the handle.
The detailed description set forth below in connection with the appended drawings is intended as a description of exemplary embodiments and is not intended to represent the only forms in which the embodiments may be constructed and/or utilized. The description sets forth the functions and the sequence of steps for constructing and operating the illustrated embodiments. However, it is to be understood that the same or equivalent functions and sequences may be accomplished by different embodiments that are also intended to be encompassed within the spirit and scope of this disclosure.
A safety scalpel system according to an exemplary embodiment is shown in
Handle 20 may include a grasping structure 22, which may be configured to be utilized by a user to hold the system when in use. Handle 20 may also include a housing receiving portion 24, which may be adjacent to, and coupled to, grasping structure 22. Furthermore, handle 20 may include a blade receiving portion 26 which may be adjacent to housing receiving portion 24. Blade receiving portion 26 may be configured to couple to a blade with or without housing 40. In this manner, the handle may be utilized with a bare scalpel blade, or it may be utilized with a blade within housing 40.
Handle 20 may be tapered, as shown or may have different configurations, including a uniform thickness, as desired by the preferences of the user. Furthermore, it may have other configurations to make it more comfortable to use and may be configured differently for each individual user.
Housing 40 may be configured to slide onto handle 20 in a safe position as the blade 12 may couple to blade receiving portion 26 while the housing 40 encloses the blade 12, as shown in
Housing 40 may include a sliding movement tab or activator 42 and a blade disengaging actuator 46. Activator 42 includes a guide stop member 44 that will lock at opposite ends 53 and 54 of locking bar 52 (
Tab 42 may be located on the top of housing 40, but may be located in other locations about housing 40 depending on the configuration, as desired. It will be appreciated that other means for allowing housing 40 to move may be utilized, as desired.
Housing 40 may also include stabilizing members 48 which may be configured to couple to top channel 32 and bottom channel 34 to ensure a proper coupling of housing 40 to handle 20, and to stabilize the entire system for use.
In this view, the interior portion of blade actuator 46 is shown in further detail. With this configuration, a blade 12 may be coupled to housing 40 by retaining members 50 and may be configured to slide onto blade receiving portion 26 and groove 30 to couple to handle 20. When it is desired that the blade be removed, blade actuator 46 may be actuated to bias blade 12 away from handle 20, and to recouple to retaining members 50 and housing 40.
Blade receiving portion 26 of handle 20 may further include a stop 28, which may be configured to contact the end of blade 12, such that blade 12 will securely fasten to handle when it is coupled to handle 20. This configuration may make the system more stable for use.
As blade 12 is moved along channel 32, the blade receiving portion 26 may engage orifice 14 of blade 12. Also, when housing 40 is moved toward grasping structure 22, blade 12 may couple to blade receiving portion 26 and remain fixed with respect to handle 20
Blade 12 may also be integral with handle 20, and housing 40 may move from a safety position to a blade exposed position. With this configuration the entire system may be disposable. Furthermore, blade 12 may also be made of plastic, and may be formed at, or near the same time as handle 20.
Handle 20 may be made from polymers, plastics, metals, rubber, and combinations thereof as desired. Blade 12 may be a typical scalpel blade such that it may be used alone with handle 20 and/or with the safety housing system 40. Blade 12 is typically a common scalpel blade. Many different types and styles of blades may be utilized with the handle 20 and the system 10. Housing 40 may be made in two parts as shown in
As shown in
Housing 40 may selectively attach, detach, and reattach to handle 20, as desired. This configuration would allow a user to reuse a blade and housing, as needed.
It will be appreciated that many of the housing 40 and blade systems may be utilized and/or reutilized during one operation as the blades 12 become dull and/or if different blades are needed for different tasks. Furthermore, handles 20 may be utilized with or without a housing 40 and with a blade 12 separately such that in emergency situations a typical scalpel blade may be utilized without the housing 40 and blade system. Furthermore, handles 20 may be weighted, configured and/or designed to the particular preferences of the surgeon such that surgeons may be more likely to utilize them. Additionally, many handles 20 may be made to the specifications of a user, such that they may be thrown away and/or reused, as desired. With this configuration, handles may be more likely to be used by surgeons as they may conform to the surgeons' particular wants and needs as far as stiffness, weight, and other characteristics of a handle, among others.
In closing, it is to be understood that the exemplary embodiments described herein are meant to be merely illustrative of the general principles of the present invention. Other modifications that may be employed are within the scope of this disclosure. Thus, by way of example, but not of limitation, alternative configurations may be utilized in accordance with the teachings herein. Accordingly, the drawings and description are illustrative and not meant to be a limitation thereof. It is intended that the invention cover all embodiments and variations thereof as long as such embodiments and variations come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.
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|Classification aux États-Unis||606/167|
|Classification coopérative||A61B17/3217, A61B17/3213, A61B17/3215, A61B2017/32113|
|29 nov. 2010||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|24 avr. 2011||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|14 juin 2011||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20110424