|Numéro de publication||US7454553 B2|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Numéro de demande||US 11/393,005|
|Date de publication||18 nov. 2008|
|Date de dépôt||29 mars 2006|
|Date de priorité||29 mars 2006|
|État de paiement des frais||Payé|
|Autre référence de publication||CA2642694A1, CA2642694C, CN101411118A, CN101411118B, DE602007009066D1, EP1999887A2, EP1999887B1, US20070233316, WO2007126480A2, WO2007126480A3|
|Numéro de publication||11393005, 393005, US 7454553 B2, US 7454553B2, US-B2-7454553, US7454553 B2, US7454553B2|
|Inventeurs||Richard L. Nelson, Marcos Peluso|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Rosemount Inc.|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (15), Citations hors brevets (2), Référencé par (1), Classifications (10), Événements juridiques (2)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
Process control systems, such as those used in chemical, petroleum or other processes, typically include at least one centralized process controller communicatively coupled to at least one host or operator work station and to one or more field devices via analog and/or digital buses or other communication lines or channels. The field devices, which may be, for example, valves, valve positioners, switches, process variable transmitters (e.g., temperature, pressure and flow rate sensors), et cetera, perform functions within the process such as opening or closing valves and measuring process parameters. The process controller receives signals indicative of process measurements made by the field devices and/or other information pertaining to the field devices via an input/output (I/O) device, uses this information to implement a control routine and then generates control signals which are sent over the buses or other communication channels via the input/output device to the field devices to control the operation of the process. Information from the field devices and the controllers is typically made available to one or more applications executed by the operator work station to enable an operator to perform any desired function with respect to the process, such as viewing the current state of the process, modifying the operation of the process, configuring the process, documenting the process, et cetera.
Over the last decade or so, smart field devices including a microprocessor and a memory have become prevalent in the process control industry. In addition to performing a primary function within the process, smart field devices may store data pertaining to the device, communicate with the controller and/or devices in a digital or combined digital and analog format, and perform secondary tasks such as self-calibration, identification, diagnostics, et cetera.
In the past, standard communication protocols were developed to enable controllers and field devices from different manufactures to exchange data using standard formats. In many cases, however, the variations in the communication protocols made them suitable for use in some environments while others were more suitable elsewhere, even within the same plant or facility. For example, a 4-20 milliampere (mA) protocol has good noise immunity but requires dedicated wiring. A high speed Ethernet (HSE) protocol may be fast but often requires expensive rewiring. Other protocols such as controller area network (CAN), HART®, H1, Foundation™ Fieldbus (“Fieldbus”), and others have features and drawbacks such as maximum length of cable run, multi-drop/single drop, intrinsically safe (for explosive environments), noise immunity, backward compatibility, supplemental power, et cetera. Sometimes the features often dictate the use of one protocol and its associated wiring even though it is not suitable for use in an entire plant or facility.
Interoperability between and/or among various process industry standard communication protocols has been under development recently. Technology exists for enabling cross-protocol communication. For example, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/354,525, entitled INTERFACE MODULE FOR USE WITH A MODBUS DEVICE NETWORK AND A FIELDBUS DEVICE NETWORK provides one exemplary illustration of data communication between two process industry standard communication protocols. While such cross-protocol communication represents a significant advance in the art of process communications monitoring and control, additional improvements can be made.
An apparatus and method are provided for transferring electrical energy from a Fieldbus process communication loop to at least one other process communication loop operating in accordance with a different process communication protocol. A power transfer device is coupleable to a Fieldbus process communication loop and to a second process communication loop. The power transfer device is wholly powered by the Fieldbus process communication loop, and is configured to supply at least some electrical energy to the second process communication loop.
Embodiments of the present invention generally remove or otherwise divert a portion of excess electrical energy present in a Fieldbus process communication loop and provide such excess energy to a separate process communication loop operating in accordance with a different process communication standard protocol. Fieldbus is a communication protocol that defines a communication layer or protocol for transmitting information on a process control loop. A Fieldbus protocol specification is ISA—S50.01.1992, promulgated by the Instrument Society of America in 1992. As used herein “Fieldbus” is intended to encompass any process communication loop that complies with the specification listed above, either or directly or backwardly. The Fieldbus protocol is an all-digital communication protocol developed for use in process control networks. In particular, the Fieldbus protocol, and the manner of communicating with and storing data in devices using the fieldbus protocol, is described in detail in the Fieldbus Foundation manuals entitled Communications Technical Specification and User Layer Technical Specification.
The Fieldbus protocol is an all digital, serial, two-way communication protocol that provides a standardized physical interface to a two-wire loop or bus interconnecting field equipment or devices such as sensors, transmitters, actuators, controls, valves, et cetera located in an instrumentation or process control environment such as a factory or a plant. The Fieldbus protocol provides, in effect, a local area network for field instruments or devices within a process, which enables these field devices to perform control functions at locations distributed throughout a process facility and to communicate with one another before and after performance of these control functions to implement an overall control strategy.
As illustrated in
It is contemplated that embodiments of the present invention are also applicable to situations or applications where the amount of energy required to energize the second process communication loop exceeds that available in a steady state condition on the Fieldbus process communication loop. In such instances, it is useful for power module 36 to include energy storage element 54 illustrated in phantom in
Although the present invention has been described with reference to preferred embodiments, workers skilled in the art will recognize that changes may be made in form and detail without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
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|1||Search Report and Written Opinion of the European Patent Office in foreign application No. PCT/US2007/004098 filed Feb. 16, 2007.|
|2||U.S. Appl. No. 11/322,662, filed Dec. 30, 2005, Orth.|
|Brevet citant||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US8390150 *||14 juil. 2009||5 mars 2013||Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc.||Field device interface with network protection mechanism|
|Classification aux États-Unis||710/315, 713/310, 710/105, 710/305|
|Classification internationale||G06F13/36, G06F13/42, G06F13/14, G06F1/00|
|15 mai 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROSEMOUNT INC., MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NELSON, RICHARD L.;PELUSO, MARCOS;REEL/FRAME:017865/0087
Effective date: 20060502
|18 mai 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4