|Numéro de publication||USRE36410 E|
|Type de publication||Octroi|
|Numéro de demande||US 08/706,044|
|Date de publication||30 nov. 1999|
|Date de dépôt||30 août 1996|
|Date de priorité||17 mars 1993|
|État de paiement des frais||Caduc|
|Autre référence de publication||US5343901|
|Numéro de publication||08706044, 706044, US RE36410 E, US RE36410E, US-E-RE36410, USRE36410 E, USRE36410E|
|Cessionnaire d'origine||Meshberg; Philip|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (35), Référencé par (47), Classifications (14), Événements juridiques (3)|
|Liens externes: USPTO, Cession USPTO, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a dispenser including a dispensing pump and a dispensing container. More particularly, the present invention relates to a dispensing container which includes a barrier bag for protecting the dispensed contents from contamination within the container.
2. Description of the Related Art
It is generally known to provide a barrier bag within a dispensing device to protect the contents contained within the dispenser from any other materials which may be in the container. For example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,009,830; 4,020,978; 4,457,455; 4,457,454; 4,696,415; 5,004,123; 5,012,956; 5,020,691; 5,115,944; 5,135,137; 5,137,179; 5,143,294; 5,156,295; 5,156,299; 5,156,300 and 5,176,294 each show dispensing devices wherein a barrier bag is used to surround and seal the dispensed contents within the dispensing container. Often, the barrier bag is used to prevent contact between a pressurized gas used to propel the contents out, e.g. in an aerosol device, and the contents themselves. In other prior art devices, the barrier bag is used to prevent contact between the dispensed contents and air which may be contained within the container.
In the prior art devices containing a barrier bag, it is often necessary to use a special fitting on the upper portion of the container to allow for the insertion and filling of the barrier bag. This special fitting makes prior art barrier bag systems incompatible with standard dispensing containers, an also requires additional assembly steps. Furthermore, the prior art devices containing barrier bags are not constructed to be used with conventional non-vented pumps which include a vented container structure.
The present invention is directed to an insertable barrier bag or liner, that can be automatically inserted through the neck of a conventionally-shaped plastic bottle or container. The present invention includes structure for venting air from the interior of the barrier bag while the bag is being filled with product, as well as structure for venting air in the space between the interior walls of the container and the exterior wall of the barrier bag.
The venting structures of the present invention are provided in a fitting which is designed to fit within the neck of a container or bottle. The fitting is designed so that a bag made of a bar material can be sealed on an outer surface of the fitting to provide a leakproof seal of the barrier bag to the fitting. The barrier bag is affixed in a position so that it clears the neck of the container when the fitting is inserted into the bottle or container, allowing the full expansion of the bag within the walls of the container.
The fitting is designed to receive a dip tube with a diameter which permits the barrier bag to be wrapped around the dip tube before insertion in the bottle or container. The barrier bag remains wrapped around the dip tube by its own adhesion properties, static adhesion, or through use of an adhesive, and can therefore be easily and automatically inserted into the container through the neck of the container prior to a filling operation. Because the dip tube is part of the attached to the fitting structure and barrier bag when they are inserted into the container, a dip tube structure need not be attached to the pump structure when it is connected to the container.
The fact that the barrier bag is wrapped around the dip tube before filling is an advantageous feature of the present invention, because it minimizes the amount of air trapped in the barrier bag, allowing filling of the barrier bag at maximum speed. The present invention is therefore advantageous because it allows easy assembly and filling of a dispensing container with an interior barrier bag and may be used on any conventionally shaped dispensing container or bottle used in conjunction with a conventional non-vented pump. The present invention includes an easy to manufacture structure for venting the container interior. The present invention is easy to insert into a container, and easy to fill once inserted into the container, without the use of complicated assembly or filling equipment.
FIG. 1 shows a cross-sectional view of the present invention, with the barrier bag in an expanded state;
FIG. 2 shows a cross-sectional bottom view of the barrier bag and fitment of the present invention;
FIGS. 3a and 3b show cross-sectional views of the fitment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 shows a cross-sectional view of the present invention, with the barrier bag wrapped around the dip tube.
FIG. 1 shows a first embodiment of the present dispensing device. A dispenser 1 includes a dispensing container 2. Dispensing container 2 may be of a conventional form which includes a relatively wide body portion 3 and a relatively narrow neck portion 4. Neck portion 4 can include threads for engagement with threads on a cap (not shown), or a cap could be crimped or attached by any known means to neck portion 4.
Inserted within container is a dip tube 6 for conveying a dispensed product from the container to a pump structure 7. Dip tube 6 is connected to a fitment 11 via a dip tube retaining portion 8 which retains the dip tube 6 and a barrier bag 9 in the container 2. As shown in FIG. 2, the upper portion of barrier bag 9 is sealed (through conventional means, e.g., ultrasonic welding or adhesives) to fitment 11 via the dip tube retaining portion 8, so as to seal the interior of barrier bag 9 from the interior of container 2. FIG. 2 shows the barrier bag 9 in a flattened condition, for example when it is first attached to the fitment 11.
Barrier bag 9 is constructed of a thin sheet of a barrier film (e.g. foil or a polymeric material) which is bonded around the edges to form a sealed structure. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the upper edges of the film which makes up the barrier bag 9 are bonded together at their radially outer ends, and as described above the radially inner portions of the upper edges of the film are bonded to the fitment 11 so that the bag is sealed to the fitment 11. The radially outer and lower edges of the film are bonded together to form a sealed barrier bag 9.
FIGS. 2, 3a and 3b show the particular structure of the fitment of the present invention. As can be seen in FIG. 2, dip tube retaining portion 8 includes an outer surface upon which the barrier bag 9 is bonded to form a seal. A second vent structure 14 passes through the interior of the dip tube retaining portion 8 between the dip tube 6 and the dip tube retaining portion 8. As will be described below, this second vent structure 14 allows air to be vented out of the dip tube 6 and barrier bag 9 during filling. A vent structure 10 on the outer surface of fitment 11 allows the interior of the container 2 to be vented to the atmosphere to maintain atmospheric pressure on the exterior of the barrier bag 9. Fitment 11 includes a flange 5 to allow engagement of the fitment 11 with the neck 4 of container 2.
FIG. 4 shows the barrier bag 9 and fitment 11 in their configuration immediately after insertion into container 2. In order to allow easy insertion of the bag 9 into a conventional container 2, the bag is initially wrapped around the dip tube 6 so as to exhibit a low cross-sectional profile. The barrier bag 9 can be retained in a position wrapped around the dip tube 6 through its own adhesive properties (as with some thermoplastics), through static adherence, or through the use of a low shear-strength adhesive on the exterior of the barrier bag 9. Although the barrier bag 9 is preferably wrapped around the dip tube 6, the barrier bag could also be collapsed around the dip tube in any other equivalent manner, including using a pleated barrier bag 9 which is collapsed in an "accordion" manner around the dip tube 6.
After the dip tube 6, barrier bag 9, and fitment 11 structures are inserted as a unit into the container 2, the barrier bag can be inflated to the shape shown in FIG. 1. Inflation can be accomplish by an air blast directed from above down the dip tube 6, or can occur during filling of the barrier bag 9 with a product to be dispensed. To fill the barrier bag 9 with a product to be dispensed, a filling nozzle 12 (shown in dotted lines in FIG. 4) is inserted into the interior of fitment 11 to engage the top 7 of dip tube 6, and product is dispensed down the dip tube 6 and into the interior of the barrier bag 9 until the barrier bag 9 is filled with product. A vent structure 10, consisting of a groove channelled into the exterior of the fitment 11, is used during filling to vent air in the interior of the container 2 which is displaced during filling of the barrier bag 9. A second vent structure 14 is used to vent air initially contained within the dip tube 6 and barrier bag 9 to the atmosphere as this air is displaced by product during filling of the barrier bag 9.
After barrier bag 9 is filled with product, a conventional pump structure 7 (shown in dotted lines in FIG. 1) is inserted into fitment 11 and attached by any known conventional mechanism. The upper end 7 of dip tube 6 projects upwardly into fitment 11 so that it can be inserted directly into the inlet to pump 13. Pump structure 13 can include any form of conventional dispensing actuator/dispensing nozzle structure. Thus, as is known in the art, an actuator on the pump 13 is actuated, product will be drawn into the pump 13 and dispensed out a nozzle on actuator. During the return stroke of the pump, product is drawn into the interior of pump 13 through dip tube 6; the atmospheric pressure which exists in the container 2 interior--by way of the venting structure 10--allows fluid to be drawn into the pump 13 and the barrier bag 9 to gradually collapse around dip tube 6. Eventually, the barrier bag 9 will completely collapse around dip tube 6 as product is dispensed, so that removal of the dip tube 6, barrier bag 9 and fitment 11 can be easily accomplished through neck 4 of container 2. The container then can be refilled using the process described above, using a new barrier bag 9/dip tube 6/fitment 11.
As will be readily understood, the barrier bag 9, retaining structure 8 and container could have a variety of shapes, depending upon the particular application. Furthermore, the vent structures 10 and 14 could be located in a variety of locations on the disclosed structure, as long as they provide the recited functions above. It will be understood that multiple variations of the disclosed structure are contemplated within the scope of the claims below.
|Brevet cité||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US3229730 *||6 juin 1962||18 janv. 1966||Frank Welty||Apparatus for packaging carbonated beverages|
|US3361303 *||17 sept. 1965||2 janv. 1968||Jacuzzi Bros Inc||Liquid and paste dispenser|
|US3507309 *||7 juil. 1967||21 avr. 1970||Harold D Johnson||Sprayer for hydrocarbon-containing liquids|
|US4008830 *||20 mars 1975||22 févr. 1977||Philip Meshberg||Liquid dispenser using a non vented pump and a collapsible plastic bag|
|US4020978 *||15 août 1975||3 mai 1977||Harry Szczepanski||Manually-operated dispenser|
|US4159790 *||19 déc. 1977||3 juil. 1979||Bailey Vincent R||Dispensing container|
|US4322020 *||7 janv. 1980||30 mars 1982||Raymond Stone||Invertible pump sprayer|
|US4457454 *||26 oct. 1981||3 juil. 1984||Philip Meshberg||Two-compartment dispenser|
|US4457455 *||13 oct. 1981||3 juil. 1984||Philip Meshberg||Collapsible container|
|US4625897 *||21 sept. 1984||2 déc. 1986||Sunbeam Plastics Corporation||Metering dispensers|
|US4696415 *||26 févr. 1985||29 sept. 1987||Philip Meshberg||Apparatus for dispensing products from a self-sealing dispenser|
|US4709734 *||18 sept. 1985||1 déc. 1987||The Coca-Cola Company||Method and system for filling packages with a carbonated beverage pre-mix under micro-gravity conditions|
|US4865224 *||8 juil. 1988||12 sept. 1989||Jerry R. Iggulden||Squeeze to empty bottle|
|US5004123 *||7 août 1989||2 avr. 1991||Stoody William R||Fluid dispenser with non-venting aspirator and bag|
|US5012956 *||7 août 1989||7 mai 1991||Stoody William R||Squeeze bottle with bag, dispensing system|
|US5020691 *||12 déc. 1988||4 juin 1991||Nye Norman H||Container shell and method of producing same|
|US5100027 *||23 juil. 1990||31 mars 1992||L'oreal||Dispensing unit for at least one product, a cosmetic product in particular, in cream, liquid or powder form|
|US5115944 *||14 août 1990||26 mai 1992||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fluid dispenser having a collapsible inner bag|
|US5135137 *||17 janv. 1991||4 août 1992||The Coca-Cola Company||Simplified micro-gravity pre-mix package|
|US5137179 *||15 févr. 1990||11 août 1992||Hans Stoffel||Containers and methods for preparing and manufacturing the same|
|US5143294 *||8 avr. 1991||1 sept. 1992||Lintvedt Arnold M||Pliant container for storage of a liquid and liquid application therefrom|
|US5156299 *||15 mars 1991||20 oct. 1992||The Procter & Gamble Company||Pump-type dispenser package with flexible disposable recharge|
|US5156300 *||1 nov. 1991||20 oct. 1992||The Procter & Gamble Company||Bag-in-squeeze-bottle fluid dispenser with unsealed fluid passage|
|US5176294 *||24 janv. 1991||5 janv. 1993||S.A. Incoplas N.V.||Packaging for liquid or pulverulent products|
|US5255826 *||5 nov. 1992||26 oct. 1993||Ryder International Corporation||Liquid dispenser nozzle assembly|
|US5261565 *||11 juin 1992||16 nov. 1993||The Procter & Gamble Company||Thin film beam spring vent valve|
|US5265766 *||29 mars 1993||30 nov. 1993||Jacobs Suchard Ag||Apparatus for receiving and dispensing liquids|
|DE2710984A1 *||14 mars 1977||21 sept. 1978||Aero Pump Gmbh||Spray bottle with pump and liq. holding bag - has pressure equalising channel between atmosphere and space around bag|
|EP0193054A1 *||15 févr. 1986||3 sept. 1986||Ing. Erich Pfeiffer GmbH & Co. KG||Dispensing device for flowable matter|
|EP0473994A2 *||16 août 1991||11 mars 1992||Kautex Werke Reinold Hagen Ag||Squeeze-bottle with internal bag|
|EP0499538A1 *||12 févr. 1992||19 août 1992||S O F A B||Package for viscous products|
|FR2655315A1 *||Titre non disponible|
|FR2685285A1 *||Titre non disponible|
|GB2155117A *||Titre non disponible|
|WO1982002034A1 *||24 sept. 1981||24 juin 1982||Hyman Katz||Apparatus for containing and dispensing fluids under pressure and method of producing same|
|Brevet citant||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US6761286||23 oct. 2001||13 juil. 2004||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Fluid dispenser having a housing and flexible inner bladder|
|US6832704||17 juin 2002||21 déc. 2004||Summit Packaging Systems, Inc.||Metering valve for aerosol container|
|US7000806||12 juil. 2004||21 févr. 2006||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Fluid dispenser having a housing and flexible inner bladder|
|US7168746||23 mai 2005||30 janv. 2007||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus for applying and removing contact lenses and related method|
|US7331944||21 oct. 2003||19 févr. 2008||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Ophthalmic dispenser and associated method|
|US7618408||17 nov. 2009||Yandell Marion E||Vial assembly and method for reducing nosocomial infections|
|US7637401||29 déc. 2009||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Container and valve assembly for storing and dispensing substances, and related method|
|US7644842||12 janv. 2010||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser having variable-volume storage chamber and depressible one-way valve assembly for dispensing creams and other substances|
|US7651291||26 janv. 2010||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser with one-way valve for storing and dispensing metered amounts of substances|
|US7789871||17 nov. 2009||7 sept. 2010||Yandell Marion E||Vial assembly and method for reducing nosocomial infections|
|US7798185||5 nov. 2007||21 sept. 2010||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser and method for storing and dispensing sterile food product|
|US7810677||5 janv. 2007||12 oct. 2010||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||One-way valve and apparatus and method of using the valve|
|US7850051||14 déc. 2010||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus having one-way valve|
|US7861750||4 févr. 2008||4 janv. 2011||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser and apparatus and method of filling a dispenser|
|US7886937||15 févr. 2011||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser with variable-volume storage chamber, one-way valve, and manually-depressible actuator|
|US7887528||15 févr. 2011||Yandell Marion E||Vial assembly and method for reducing nosocomial infections|
|US8074839 *||1 déc. 2005||13 déc. 2011||Shiseido International France||Fluid product dispensing assembly|
|US8104644||8 oct. 2010||31 janv. 2012||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||One-way valve and apparatus and method of using the valve|
|US8220507||17 juil. 2012||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser and method for storing and dispensing sterile product|
|US8240521||14 août 2012||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Fluid dispenser having a one-way valve, pump, variable-volume storage chamber, and a needle penetrable and laser resealable portion|
|US8240934||25 janv. 2010||14 août 2012||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser with one-way valve for storing and dispensing substances|
|US8272411||3 août 2009||25 sept. 2012||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Lyophilization method and device|
|US8348104||8 janv. 2013||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus for dispensing fluids|
|US8356733||10 sept. 2007||22 janv. 2013||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Method for dispensing fluids|
|US8357137||22 janv. 2013||Yandell Marion E||Bung assembly for anti vacuum lock medical vials|
|US8376189||19 févr. 2013||Alps Llc||Dispensing machine valve and method|
|US8413854||15 févr. 2011||9 avr. 2013||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser with variable-volume storage chamber, one-way valve, and manually-depressible actuator|
|US8550308||3 déc. 2007||8 oct. 2013||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus for dispensing fluids|
|US8602259||31 janv. 2012||10 déc. 2013||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||One-way valve and apparatus and method of using the valve|
|US8627861||4 janv. 2011||14 janv. 2014||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Dispenser and apparatus and method for filling a dispenser|
|US8672195||9 nov. 2007||18 mars 2014||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Device with chamber and first and second valves in communication therewith, and related method|
|US8757436||15 févr. 2008||24 juin 2014||Medical Instill Technologies, Inc.||Method for dispensing ophthalmic fluid|
|US8910833||19 févr. 2013||16 déc. 2014||Alps, Llc||Dispensing machine valve and method|
|US8919614||9 avr. 2013||30 déc. 2014||Medinstill Development Llc||Dispenser with variable-volume storage chamber, one-way valve, and manually-depressible actuator|
|US8931651 *||18 avr. 2008||13 janv. 2015||Anheuser-Busch Inbev S.A.||Integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container having interface vents opening to the atmosphere at location adjacent to a bag's mouth; preform for making it; and process for producing the preform and bag-in-container|
|US9180476 *||7 nov. 2013||10 nov. 2015||Mouse Trap Design, Llc||Mixing and dispensing device|
|US9297563 *||19 oct. 2011||29 mars 2016||Tire Seal, Inc.||Method and apparatus for providing additive fluids to refrigerant circuit|
|US9377338||29 déc. 2014||28 juin 2016||Medinstill Development Llc||Dispenser with variable-volume storage chamber, one-way valve, and manually-depressible actuator|
|US20050029307 *||21 oct. 2003||10 févr. 2005||Daniel Py||Ophthalmic dispenser and associated method|
|US20060017297 *||23 mai 2005||26 janv. 2006||Daniel Py||Apparatus for applying and removing contact lenses and related method|
|US20070215721 *||6 févr. 2007||20 sept. 2007||Alfred Gohring||Spray gun|
|US20080011778 *||1 déc. 2005||17 janv. 2008||Shiseido International France||Fluid Product Dispensing Assembly|
|US20090071982 *||15 sept. 2008||19 mars 2009||L'oreal||Dispensing pump for product storage and dispensing container and container provided with such a pump|
|US20100237035 *||18 avr. 2008||23 sept. 2010||Sarah Van Hove||Integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container having interface vents opening to the atmosphere at location adjacent to a bag's mouth; preform for making it; and processes for producing the preform and bag-in-container|
|US20110095053 *||28 avr. 2011||Juergen Greiner-Perth||Discharging device|
|US20120223104 *||9 nov. 2010||6 sept. 2012||Valois Sas||Fluid product dispenser|
|US20140076930 *||7 nov. 2013||20 mars 2014||Mouse Trap Design, Llc||Mixing and Dispensing Device|
|Classification aux États-Unis||141/2, 141/18, 222/464.1, 222/481.5, 222/382, 222/105|
|Classification coopérative||B05B15/005, B05B11/0097, B05B11/0043, B05B11/0037|
|Classification européenne||B05B11/00B17, B05B11/00B5A2, B05B11/00B5|
|25 mai 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PACKAGING CONCEPTS ASSOC., LLC, FLORIDA
Free format text: EXCLUSIVE LICENSE AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:DISPENSING PATENTS INTERNATIONAL LLC;REEL/FRAME:011869/0912
Effective date: 20010522
|1 sept. 2006||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|1 févr. 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PACKAGING CONCEPTS ASSOC., LLC, FLORIDA
Free format text: AMENDMENT TO LICENSE AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:DISPENSING PATENTS INTERNATIONAL, LLC;REEL/FRAME:018866/0570
Effective date: 20070116