|Numéro de publication||WO1999047305 A1|
|Type de publication||Demande|
|Numéro de demande||PCT/EP1999/001437|
|Date de publication||23 sept. 1999|
|Date de dépôt||5 mars 1999|
|Date de priorité||13 mars 1998|
|Autre référence de publication||DE69900674D1, EP1062073A1, EP1062073B1|
|Numéro de publication||PCT/1999/1437, PCT/EP/1999/001437, PCT/EP/1999/01437, PCT/EP/99/001437, PCT/EP/99/01437, PCT/EP1999/001437, PCT/EP1999/01437, PCT/EP1999001437, PCT/EP199901437, PCT/EP99/001437, PCT/EP99/01437, PCT/EP99001437, PCT/EP9901437, WO 1999/047305 A1, WO 1999047305 A1, WO 1999047305A1, WO 9947305 A1, WO 9947305A1, WO-A1-1999047305, WO-A1-9947305, WO1999/047305A1, WO1999047305 A1, WO1999047305A1, WO9947305 A1, WO9947305A1|
|Exporter la citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citations de brevets (4), Référencé par (2), Classifications (9), Événements juridiques (10)|
|Liens externes: Patentscope, Espacenet|
A machine for grinding semi-finished products, particularly billets.
The present invention relates to a machine for grinding
semi-finished products, particularly billets, according to the preamble to the main claim. Background Art
Billets produced by rolling generally have surface irregularities mainly due to cracks, scum and other processing residues resulting from the melting and cooling processes.
To eliminate these surface irregularities, it is .known, before the billets are sent for subsequent processing, to provide for their surfaces to be ground with the use of grinding machines with circular grinding wheels. In a machine
of this type, the grinding wheel is rotated about its own axis and is brought into contact with the billet with a sliding movement relative thereto in order to remove a predetermined thickness of material and consequently to improve the surface quality of the billet. In billets of larger cross-section such
as those having widths of up to 200 mm and more, surface grinding takes place by aligning the grinding wheel along the axis of movement of the billet and by performing several forward .runs of the billet, the grinding wheel being moved transverse the axis of movement for each run so as to grind the
billet over the entire width of its surface. However, this involves the disadvantage that processing times are lengthened and an optimal surface quality is not achieved because of the appearance of small surface ridges which delimit adjacent ground surface portions and which are created when the grinding
wheel is moved transversely between one forward run and the
.Another problem encountered is due to the fact that, with
conventional grinding machines, predetermined thicknesses of material can be removed from the billet. Since, as a result
of the rolling process, the billet has a typical surface shape with depressions extending longitudinally, the action of the grinding wheel involves the elimination of these depressions by the undesired removal of a greater quantity of material than
is actually necessary for the surface grinding of the billet.
Disclosure of the Invention
The problem upon which the present invention is based is that of providing a machine for grinding semi-finished products, particularly billets, which is designed structurally
and functionally so as to overcome all of the problems
complained of with reference to the prior art mentioned.
This problem is solved by the invention by means of a machine for grinding billets formed in accordance with the following claims.
Brief Description of the Drawings
The characteristics and advantages of the invention will become clearer from the following detailed description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment thereof, described by
way of non-limiting example, with reference to the appended
drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a partial side elevational view of a grinding machine according to the invention,
Figure 2 is a section taken on the line II-II of Figure 1, Figure 3 is a front elevational view of the machine of the
Figure 4 is a side elevational view showing a detail of the machine of the previous drawings, on an enlarged scale,
Figures 5 and 6 are an axial section and a side elevational view, respectively, of a grinding wheel with which the grinding
machine according to the invention is equipped, Figure 7 is a plan view of the grinding wheel of Figures 5 and
Figure 8 is a schematic view showing, in plan, pairs of
grinding wheels with which the grinding machine of the present invention is equipped, and Figure 9 is a schematic front elevational view of the grinding
wheels of Figure 8.
Best Mode of carrying out the Invention
With reference to Figures 1 to 4, a machine formed in accordance with the present invention is generally indicated
1 and is intended for grinding semi-finished products such as, for example, foundry billets 2, one of which is shown partially
in the drawings .
The machine 1 comprises a substantially parallelepipedal
framework 3 formed by two opposed frames 4 rigidly
interconnected by means of four uprights 4c. Each frame 4 is formed by pairs of rigidly-interconnected longitudinal and transverse elements indicated 4a, 4b. The billet 2 being ground is guided beneath the framework 3 along an axis of
movement indicated by the axis B in Figure 2 and arranged
parallel to the longitudinal elements 4a.
The machine 1 further comprises a first frame and a second frame, indicated 6 and 7, respectively, which are mounted on the framework 3 and are movable relative thereto as
e.xplained in detail in the following description.
The first frame 6 is mounted inside the framework 3 and is also of parallelepipedal shape. The frame 6 is formed by pairs of first longitudinal elements 6a connected by first transverse elements 6b and rigidly interconnected by means of
first uprights 6c.
At one end of each longitudinal element 4a of the framework 3, at the same end of the framework, a respective arm 8 is articulated about a corresponding pin 8a projecting inside the framework. Each arm 8 is in turn articulated at its
opposite axial end to a central portion of the respective first
longitudinal element 6a of the first frame 6, by means of a corresponding pin 9. The arms 8 thus constitute a parallelogram device for moving the first frame 6 relative to the framework 3. As a result of a pivoting movement of the
arms 8 about the axes of the pins 8a, their points of
articulation to the first frame 6 describe paths along arcs of circles centered on the axes of the pins 8a, so as to cause the first frame 6 to move in a direction which, for limited angles of pivoting about the pins 8a, is approximately straight and
directed substantially along the axis Y of Figure 1.
A pair of actuators such as, for example, two hydraulic jacks 10 shown schematically in Figure 1, is provided for moving the first frame 6. Each jack 10 is mounted on a support element 11 extending from the respective upper longitudinal element 4a of the framework 3 and has a rod 12 acting on the
first frame 6 in the region of the points of articulation to the arms 8 .
The second frame 7 is mounted inside the first frame 6 and has a similar parallelepipedal shape. The frame 7 is formed by a pair of opposed end structures rigidly
interconnected by means of uprights 7c . Each end structure is formed by pairs of rigidly interconnected second longitudinal elements 7a and second transverse elements 7b. The lower end
of the second frame 7 also has connecting cross members 13
preferably formed by parallel and spaced-apart channel-
sections. The cross-members 13 serve to support two pairs of supports 14 with bearings 15 between which two respective shafts 16, 17 are supported for rotation. A respective circular grinding wheel 18, 19 is keyed to each shaft 16, 17. Each shaft 16, 17 is also arranged, at one of its ends, for
coupling to a respective pulley, not shown, for rotating the corresponding grinding wheel 18, 19 about its axis of rotation,
indicated Ml, M2 respectively in Figure 2, by means of a belt transmission.
The belt transmissions are driven by respective electric
motors 20 of which only one is shown in Figure 3. The motors
20 are fixed to a support plate 20a provided on the upper end of the second frame 7.
The grinding wheels 18, 19 are positioned, relative to the second frame 7, with parallel axes of rotation Ml and M2 which are inclined angularly to an axis transverse the axis B of movement of the billet 2. The transverse axis is parallel
to the articulation axis of the pins 9, which is indicated K in Figure 2, and which is perpendicular to the direction of
movement B. The angle at which the axis M2 (or Ml) is inclined
to the axis K is indicated C in Figure 2. The angle C may have
values of between 5° and 45° and the value selected is preferably 30°.
The second frame 7 is also mounted for pivoting on the first frame 6 about an axis Kl parallel to the axis K. The
second frame 7 has supports 21 which are fixed in central
positions on the second longitudinal elements 7a of the upper end of the frame 7 and are intended to be engaged on corresponding pins 9 for rotation about the axis Kl . It will
be noted that the interaxial spacing D between the rotation
axes Ml, M2 of the grinding wheels 18, 19 is arranged
symmetrically with respect to the pivot axis Kl so that the loads on the pivoting frame 7, which are due mainly to the weight of the grinding wheels themselves, are distributed in a balanced manner relative to the pivot axis Kl .
It will be noted that the pivot axis Kl of the second
frame is spaced from the axes of rotation Ml, M2 of the grinding wheels 18, 19 on the opposite side to the working plane of the grinding wheels identified by the surface 2a of the billet.
Each grinding wheel 18, 19 comprises a central hub 22
which is intended to be keyed to the corresponding shaft 16, 17 and on which a ring of abrasive material is mounted. The ring is of the type with an interrupted edge and is thus composed of a plurality of structurally independent grinding-
wheel sectors 23. More particularly, the grinding wheel
comprises six identical sectors 23 each of which is defined peripherally by edge profiles 24. The profiles are inclined angularly to the axis of rotation Ml, M2 of the grinding wheel, as can be seen in Figure 7. The angle of inclination, indicated T, selected for the edge 24 is preferably between 10°
Each abrasive sector 23 is restrained on the hub 22 by means of a pair of jaws 25 clamped by screws 26 extending through the hub. It will be noted that each grinding-wheel
sector 23 is spaced from the adjacent sectors peripherally by
a distance indicated S in Figure 7.
When the machine 1 is in operation, initially, the grinding wheels 18, 19 are moved, by means of the parallelogram device operated by the jacks 10, into contact with the surface 2a of the billet 2 being ground. The billet 2 is guided beneath the framework 3 along the axis B with a sliding movement relative to the grinding wheels 18, 19 which in turn are rotated about their own axes Ml and M2 by means of the
By virtue of the inclination of the axes of rotation Ml,
M2 of the grinding wheels to the axis transverse the axis B of
movement of the billet, the surface 2a of the billet is ground throughout its width during the forward movement of the billet, as a result of the contributions of the grinding surfaces of both grinding wheels, as shown schematically in Figure 8. This
advantageously enables billets having cross-sections of much greater width than the abrasive face of the grinding wheel to be ground in a single forward run of the billet.
When the abrasive material of the grinding wheels has become worn, with a consequent reduction in their diameter,
they are kept in contact with the surface 2a of the billet by
virtue of the pivoting permitted by the arms 8 of the parallelogram device. Figure 4 shows, in continuous outline, one of the grinding wheels 18, 19 placed in contact with a large billet 2 (for example having a cross-section of
200-200 mm) and, in broken outline, the grinding wheel in
conditions of maximum wear (minimum diameter of the abrasive ring) in contact with the surface of a smaller billet (for example, with a cross-section of 40x40 mm) .
The pivoting of the frame 7 supporting the grinding
wheels about the axis Kl enables the grinding wheels to follow closely the surface profile of the billet and the depressions which normally characterize the surface 2a as a result of the rolling process. During the forward movement of the billet 2, the grinding wheel 18 swings as a result of the variation of
slope encountered and consequently urges the other grinding
wheel 19 into contact with the surface 2a. This advantageously enables the pair of grinding wheels to follow the uneven shape of the surface 2a, removing the minimum quantity of material required by the grinding, preventing the formation of surface concavities as well as the removal of a
greater and undesirable thickness of material. Figure 9 shows schematically and on an enlarged scale, the surface 2a of the billet processed by the pair of grinding wheels 18, 19. The imaginary line of the profile of the surface 2a obtained as a
result of the grinding is shown in broken outline.
The provision of grinding wheels having sectors with edge
profiles which are inclined to the axis of the grinding wheel enables the abrasive surface to penetrate the billet better and, in addition, the contact between the surface of the billet
10 and the edge takes place more gradually than with conventional grinding wheels which have edge profiles parallel to the axis of the grinding wheel and in which each grinding-wheel sector consequently strikes the billet with the entire front of the edge during rotation. The use of grinding wheels with inclined
edge profiles advantageously improves grinding penetration as well as achieving more uniform power absorption, at the same
time preventing power-absorption peaks when the edge profile contacts the surface of the billet. Moreover, the abrasive material of the billet wears more evenly, optimizing the useful life of the grinding-wheel sectors.
The invention thus solves the problem set, achieving the
aforementioned advantages in comparison with known solutions .
Naturally, the principle of the invention remaining the
same, the forms of embodiment and details of construction may be varied widely with respect to those described and
illustrated purely by way of non-limiting example, without
thereby departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims .
|Brevet cité||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|WO1996022173A1 *||12 janv. 1996||25 juil. 1996||Danieli Centro Maskin S.P.A.||Arrangement for grinding of preferably slabs and method|
|DE3524561A1 *||10 juil. 1985||5 févr. 1987||Egon Evertz||Grinding device|
|GB2309184A *||Titre non disponible|
|US1582608 *||28 avr. 1924||27 avr. 1926||Bridgeport Safety Emery Wheel||Sectional grinding wheel|
|Brevet citant||Date de dépôt||Date de publication||Déposant||Titre|
|US7280827||6 juil. 2005||9 oct. 2007||Nec Corporation||Method of control of subscriber data transmissions in a mobile communication network|
|US8444726 *||19 oct. 2007||21 mai 2013||Jtekt Corporation||Method for manufacturing grinding wheel having depressions on grinding surface thereof|
|Classification internationale||B24B27/033, B24D5/06, B24B7/12|
|Classification coopérative||B24B7/12, B24D5/06, B24B27/033|
|Classification européenne||B24B27/033, B24D5/06, B24B7/12|
|23 sept. 1999||AK||Designated states|
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY CA CH CN CU CZ DE DK EE ES FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MD MG MK MN MW MX NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SE SG SI SK SL TJ TM TR TT UA UG US UZ VN YU ZW
|23 sept. 1999||AL||Designated countries for regional patents|
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW SD SL SZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GW ML MR NE SN TD TG
|24 nov. 1999||121||Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application|
|25 nov. 1999||DFPE||Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)|
|21 août 2000||WWE||Wipo information: entry into national phase|
Ref document number: 1999911742
Country of ref document: EP
|13 sept. 2000||NENP||Non-entry into the national phase in:|
Ref country code: KR
|27 déc. 2000||WWP||Wipo information: published in national office|
Ref document number: 1999911742
Country of ref document: EP
|11 janv. 2001||REG||Reference to national code|
Ref country code: DE
Ref legal event code: 8642
|13 sept. 2001||NENP||Non-entry into the national phase in:|
Ref country code: CA
|16 janv. 2002||WWG||Wipo information: grant in national office|
Ref document number: 1999911742
Country of ref document: EP