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United States Patent [w]
US005966754A [ii] Patent Number:  Date of Patent:
 SLIDING DEVICE FOR TRANSPORTING PATIENTS
 Inventor: Jiirg O. Schuster, Zumikon, Switzerland
 Assignee: Samarit Industries Aktiengesellschaft,
 Appl. No.: 08/913,608
 PCT Filed: Mar. 1, 1996
 PCT No.: PCT/EP96/00876
§ 371 Date: Sep. 12, 1997
§ 102(e) Date: Sep. 12, 1997  PCT Pub. No.: W096/29971
PCT Pub. Date: Oct. 3, 1996
 Foreign Application Priority Data
Mar. 31, 1995 [DE] Germany 195 12 008
 Int. CI.6 A61G 1/00; A61G 1/013
 U.S. CI 5/81.1 R; 5/81.1 C; 5/81.1 HS;
 Field of Search 5/81.1 R, 88.1,
5/625, 627, 706, 707, 710, 654, 655.3, 722, 81.1 C, 81.1 HS, 626
U.S. Patent Oct. 19,1999 sheet 2 of 2 5,966,754
Schnitt B-B 39
4 ¥ / 28 18 41 19 41 20/ 33 8
SLIDING DEVICE FOR TRANSPORTING
This invention relates to a sliding device according to the preamble of Patent claim 1. 5
The transfer of a person from a bed to another flat surface is frequently required. As a rule, the person to be transferred is a handicapped or ill person or someone not capable of walking. The mentioned transfer of persons is most often carried out in a hospital, a nursing ward or in the residence 10 of the patient. In hospitals up to six nurses are required in order to transfer one patient from a hospital bed to a surgery table. It is not unusual for nurses to injure themselves in the process of transferring patients.
In order to facilitate the transport of a patient from a first 15 location to a second location numerous transfer devices have already been suggested.
A transporting mat of low weight is known for example for transporting patients between a surgery table and a bed, which is designed similarly to a sleeping bag with open ends 20 (U.S. Pat. No. 4,051,565). This transporting mat is provided on the inside with a Teflon coating, while the outside comprises a spongelike foamed material or the like. Due to the smooth inside coating the mat can be shifted easily, i.e. if the mat is grasped, for example on its top side, and pulled, 25 the mat moves similarly to tank tractor treads. Of disadvantage in this mat is however that its shape is not stable and for this reason can readily sink into depressions in the bed or the like.
In another known patient transfer device, a rigid frame is 30 provided with roller cylinders wherein about this frame an endless cloth is wound (U.S. Pat. No. 2,918,681). Compared to the previously described mat, this device differs thereby that the insides of the endless cloth are not disposed such that they are superjacent but rather are disposed on the roller 35 cylinders. This ensures better stability. Apart from the fact that the patient feels the hard roller cylinders in the back if the endless cloth is not sufficiently thick, however, the rigid frame with the roller cylinders is very cost-intensive.
An endless sliding mat is also used in another patient 40 transfer device (U.S. Pat. No. 3,769,642, FIG. 8, Pos. 15). Herein two tension bands are attached on the endless sliding mat, whose width corresponds approximately to the width of the sliding mat. The endless tension band has on its inside a lower coefficient of friction than on its outside; to this extent 45 it corresponds to the already described transporting mat according to U.S. Pat. No. 4,051,565.
A patient transporting device is furthermore known which comprises flexible yet strong and light materials (U.S. Pat. No. 4,700,416). This transporting device comprises a 50 central region and two wing regions which are secured on the central region and which can be folded over. However, the transporting device can only with effort be moved slidingly over a surface.
In another known patient transporting mat the sliding 55 shift is also not possible using low forces (U.S. Pat. No. 4,744,115). This mat comprises substantially two portions which can be folded one over the other.
A sliding device according to the species, which can be produced significantly more cost-effectively than the sliding 60 mat according to U.S. Pat. No. 2,918,689 since it does not include expensive rollers, is known from DE-C-3 806 470. This sliding device also comprises an endless band which is however wrapped about a rigid board, wherein the frictional resistance between the endless band and the rigid board is so 65 low that it can be overcome by an operator pulling on the endless band if a person is located on the endless band.
A further sliding device according to the species, with two portions which can be folded one on top of the other, is known from DE 88 16 024 Ul.
Another known patient transfer device comprises an elongated endless band which is enclosed all around and comprises in its interior a sliding medium, for example, a liquid lubricant or air (U.S. Pat. No. 5,005,232=EP-A-0 469 767). But in this device there is also the disadvantage that its spatial stability is insufficient.
Lastly is also known a stretcher for patients which is elongated, flexible and inflatable (GB-A-2 261 605, EP-A-0 162 785). This stretcher has approximately the form of an inflatable mattress and is provided with side handles. The outside of the stretcher is said to be smooth such that it can readily be shifted. Of disadvantage is herein, however, that the stretcher is relatively large and does not have a smooth surface but rather is divided into several tubular elements.
The invention is based on the task of creating a sliding device for transporting patients which is simple to manufacture and operate.
This task is solved according to the characteristics of Patent claim 1.
The advantage realized with the invention comprises in particular that the sliding properties of the device are as good as those of the sliding device according to DE-C-3 806 470 and that, moreover, the bearing properties can be adapted to the particular situation by changing the air pressure.
An embodiment example of the invention is depicted in the drawing and will be described in the following in further detail. In the drawing show:
FIG. la a top view onto the sliding device according to the invention;
FIG. lb a side view of the sliding device according to FIG. la;
FIG. 2a a cross section A—A through the right portion of the device according to FIG. 1;
FIG. 2b a section A—A as in FIG. 2a, however with pushed-in upper side of the sliding device;
FIG. 2c a section A—A as in FIG. 2a, however with inflated upper side of the sliding device;
FIG. 2d a section B—B through the device according to FIG. 1.
In FIG. la is shown a top view onto a sliding device 1 according to the invention. It is evident that the sliding device 1 is constructed of two pieces and comprises one half 2 and one half 3. Both halves 2, 3 are connected via a hinge 4. Parts 2, 3 comprise endless bands 40, 41 which are each wrapped about a relatively firm, air-filled, inner portion 27, 28. The side edges of these endless bands are denoted by 30, 31 or 32, 33, respectively. By 29, 39 are denoted valves through which air can be let in or out into/from portions 27, 28. The free ends 5, 6 of these firm inner portions 27,28 can be seen on the left or right respectively, side of the sliding device 1. The end 5 comprises on its underside two recesses 36, 37, while end 6 comprises such recesses 50, 51 on its upper side. The recesses serve, for example, for receiving stick-on labels on which the manufacturer is listed and/or short instructions for use are specified.
The relatively firm inner portions 27, 28 are preferably synthetic material portions at whose ends 5, 6 are disposed cutouts 7, 8 which serve as grips. These synthetic material portions 27, 28 comprise stops 9, 10; 11, 12 which can be pressed toward the inside or can be folded over. This makes possible, on the one hand, that the endless band or cloth 40, 41 cannot slide away laterally during the use of the sliding device 1 and, on the other hand, can be placed onto the firm inner portion 27, 28 when the stop 9 to 11 is slid in.