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(73) Assignee: California Institute of Technology,
Pasadena, CA (US)
( * ) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 194 days.
This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer.
(21) Appl. No.: 10/811,075
(22) Filed: Mar. 24, 2004
(65) Prior Publication Data
US 2005/0104745 Al May 19, 2005
Related U.S. Application Data
(63) Continuation-in-part of application No. 10/642,435, filed on Aug. 15, 2003, now Pat. No. 6,940,422.
(60) Provisional application No. 60/403,916, filed on Aug. 15, 2002.
(51) Int. CI.
G08G 1/07 (2006.01)
(52) U.S. CI 340/906; 340/902; 701/300
(58) Field of Classification Search 340/906,
340/907, 916, 917, 933, 935, 902; 701/300,
See application file for complete search history. (56) References Cited
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An emergency vehicle traffic light preemption system for preemption of traffic lights at an intersection to allow safe passage of emergency vehicles. The system includes a real-time status monitor of an intersection which is relayed to a control module for transmission to emergency vehicles as well as to a central dispatch office. The system also provides for audio warnings at an intersection to protect pedestrians who may not be in a position to see visual warnings or for various reasons cannot hear the approach of emergency vehicles. A transponder mounted on an emergency vehicle provides autonomous control so the vehicle operator can attend to getting to an emergency and not be concerned with the operation of the system. Activation of a priority-code (i.e. Code-3) situation provides communications with each intersection being approached by an emergency vehicle and indicates whether the intersection is preempted or if there is any conflict with other approaching emergency vehicles. On-board diagnostics handle various information including heading, speed, and acceleration sent to a control module which is transmitted to an intersection and which also simultaneously receives information regarding the status of an intersection. Real-time communications and operations software allow central and remote monitoring, logging, and command of intersections and vehicles.
50 Claims, 17 Drawing Sheets
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